Moths of North Carolina
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Microcrambus elegans
Elegant Grass-veneer Moth
MONA_number: 5420.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Costaconvexa centrostrigaria
Bent-line Carpet Moth
MONA_number: 7416.00
A medium sized Wave with sexually dimorphic wing markings. Males have a pale grayish or brownish median band bounded on the basal side with a chocolate brown area that extends to to the antemedian. A............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Lochmaeus bilineata
Double-lined Prominent
MONA_number: 7999.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Lochmaeus manteo
Variable Oakleaf Caterpillar Moth
MONA_number: 7998.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Papaipema impecuniosa
Aster Borer
MONA_number: 9473.00
One of 44 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 30 of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Papaipema cataphracta
Burdock Borer
MONA_number: 9466.00
One of 44 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 30 of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Metaxaglaea violacea
Holly Sallow
MONA_number: 9945.20
One of five species in this genus that occur in North America, all of which have been recorded in North Carolina.Metaxaglaea semitaria, viatica, and violacea are all medium-large Noctuids with similar wing patterns: dentate postmedian and antemedian lines; large,red-encircled orbicular and reniform spots; and a ...Corresponding to the distribution of American Holly, our records for violacea come from a wide variety of forest habitats, ranging from Maritime Forests to floodplain hardwoods to mountain ridges....Probably stenophagous. Larvae have been found on American Holly but have also been reared on other evergreen species of Ilex (Wagner et al., 2011)....Like other Metaxaglaeas, this species appears to come well to both blacklights and bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5?]Although we still have relatively few confirmed records for this species, it appears to occur across the state, following the distribution of its common host plant. It thus seems relatively secure wi...
Ogdoconta cinereola
Common Pinkband Moth
MONA_number: 9720.00
A New World genus of some 18 species centered in Central America and the southwestern US. One species ventures into North Carolina where it occurs across the state and is common. A number of neotropical species await description.A small moth usually grayish with a pink tinge. Look for the slanted pinkish area between the postmedial and subterminal lines. ...We have records from a variety of open habitats, including natural communities such as maritime dunes and Longleaf Pine sandhills as well as from disturbed habitats such old fields and powerlines. It ...The caterpillar feeds on a wide variety of composites, ragweed being a favorite. Floyd and Signa Williams observed one larva feeding on Lespeza cuneata during the Lake Norman Bioblitz in 2018....Comes readily to lights but we have no records from bait; possibly visits flowers....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]This species is one of our most widely distributed and and one of the most generalized in terms of habitat of any in the state. It appears to be quite secure....
Phyllocnistis insignis
MONA_number: 846.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Chimoptesis gerulae
MONA_number: 3272.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Condica vecors
Dusky Groundling Moth
MONA_number: 9696.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Dichomeris ligulella
Palmerworm Moth
MONA_number: 2281.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Gretchena bolliana
Pecan Bud Moth
MONA_number: 3263.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Lithophane scottae
MONA_number: 9904.10
One of 51 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 25 of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Lycomorpha pholus
Black-and-yellow Lichen Moth
MONA_number: 8087.00
One of six members of this genus that occur in North American and the only one that has been recorded in North Carolina.Wings are opaque and strongly bicolored: orange, yellow, or red basally and blue-black on the outer half. On the forewing, the colored basal portions extends from the costa to the inner margin; on the...Records for adult habitats have not been recorded in detail but appear to include open, herbaceous habitats as well as woodlands. Habitats used by larvae are not recorded....Like most Lithosiines, larvae probably feed on lichens, bark algae, and Cyanobacteria (Covell, 1984; Wagner, 2005)...Strictly diurnal; virtually all records are based on chance encounters rather than trapping or baiting; reported to visit flowers, unlike most other members of Lithosiini...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [SU]Appears to be rare to uncommon, but is probably undersampled. Too little information currently exists on its distribution, abundance, and habitat associations in North Carolina to estimate its conser...
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Eupsilia morrisoni
Morrison's Sallow
MONA_number: 9936.00
A genus of the Northern Hemisphere with some 17 described species, including 8 in North America, with several more about to be described. North Carolina has 6 described and 1 undescribed species, some of which are extremely similar in wing pattern.Like E. devia, Eupsilia morrisoni is fairly easy to distinguish due to its fairly even, non-dentate postmedian line (Forbes, 1954). Fresh specimens are leathery-brown but worn specimens in the spring...Most of our records come from stands of upland hardwoods growing on dry slopes and ridges. A few also come from wet-to-mesic riparian or lakeshore forests....Polyphagous. Larvae have been found on a wide variety of woody plants but preferences have not been documented anywhere in its range. Wagner et al (2011) list Scrub Oak, Sugar Maple, Viburnum, Sweet...Adults readily come to bait and they also appear to come fairly well to blacklight traps....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S4S5]This species ranges across the entire length of the Mountains in North Carolina and at least sparingly in the Piedmont. With its wide range of host plants and use of a fairly broad range of forest ha...
Isoparce cupressi
Bald Cypress Sphinx
MONA_number: 7791.00
For many years a single species occupied the genus but a second Mexican species has now been described. Isoparce is one of our smaller sphinx moths, with warm brown tones and fine streaking. Unlikely to be confused with any species other than Paratrea plebeja with which it is often captured. Sexes simil...Cypress swamps. Not recorded in Carolina Bays or other Cypress Savannas where only Pond Cypress occurs....Monophagous. So far only observed in association with bald cypress....Adults have a shortened tongue and likely do not visit flowers; no records of such behavior known. They come to 15 watt blacklights in small numbers with up 3 individuals collected in a single trap. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4 [S3S4]Long thought to be a very rare species, elucidation of the life history has shown it to be a habitat specialist and investigators were simply looking in the wrong places. Adults rarely occur outside ...
Idaea scintillularia
Diminutive Wave Moth
MONA_number: 7105.00
One of thirty species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016). Thirteen have been recorded in North Carolina.One of our smallest Geometrids and very strikingly marked in gray, yellow, and rufous. The large patch of dove gray covering the basal half of the forewing and a similar patch of mixed gray and rufous...All of our records come from riparian forests or shoreline habitats along brownwater rivers or Piedmont streams...Apparently unrecorded...Our records were all obtained from blacklight sampling...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUWe have only a small number of records for this species. It appears to be at least somewhat specialized in terms of its habitats, which have generally not been heavily sampled. More surveys conducted ...
Amphipoea americana
American Ear Moth
MONA_number: 9457.00
Very similar in color and markings to Amphipoea interoceanica, but is larger and not as stocky (Forbes, 1954). ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Amphipoea interoceanica
Interoceanic Ear Moth
MONA_number: 9456.00
Very similar in color and markings to Amphipoea americana, but is smaller and "a shade more stocky" (Forbes, 1954). According to Covell (1984), the pale filling of the reniform is confined to the oute............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Amphipoea unidentified species
MONA_number: 9461.01
............
Parapamea buffaloensis
Buffalo Moth
MONA_number: 9463.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Diasemiodes janassialis
MONA_number: 5172.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Gazoryctra sciophanes
MONA_number: 23.10
A member of the Ghost Moth, or Swift family, a primitive group of over 500 species that is found worldwide. In North America, the family is made up of at least 20 species in four genera, a vast majority of them having northern or western affinities. G. sciophanes is one of at least 10 species in the genus and the only one found in N.C. The taxonomy of the group remains in flux. Rounded forewing variably sooty black to dark brown with diffuse gray, dark brown, or black mottling and streaking. It typically shows an elongated white bar or patch with irregular, jagged edges runn...All of our records come from Spruce-Fir Forests at elevations above 4,000 feet elevation....Because a majority of specimens have been taken in the spruce/fir zone, it has long been thought that the larvae likely feed on the roots of Fraser fir or other conifer species, or other plants associ...Like other members of the family, this species appears to fly for just a short period right around dusk, and during a relatively short window in early to mid-July. It is at least somewhat attracted to...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it in state parks and on other public lands.GU S1?G. sciophanes is a southern Appalachian endemic described by Ferguson (1979) from a series collected in Jackson County. Additional series were collected by Grehan (1998) in Yancey and Mitchell ...
Eueretagrotis perattentus
Two-spot Dart Moth
MONA_number: 11008.00
This genus contains 3 northern New World species that come down the Appalachian Mountains into North Carolina.Specimens are usually easy to place to genus. This is the easiest species to identify because of the dark contrast between the dark forewing (particularly between the orbicular and reniform spots) and...Our records come primarily from Northern Hardwood and Spruce-fir Forests above 3200, but we also have a few records from Cove Forests at lower elevations....Although captive larvae feed on blueberry, pin cherry, and elderberry, no larvae were found during the Canadian Forest Surveys indicating they are probably on low growing forbs. ...Adults come readily to light but we could not find information regarding their attraction to bait or flowers....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S3S4]This species appears to be a specialist on mesic montane forests and may, thus, be at some risk due to the effects of climate change. More needs to be known about its distribution, habitats, and host ...
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Aglossa costiferalis
MONA_number: 5511.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Walshia miscecolorella
Sweetclover Root Borer Moth
MONA_number: 1615.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Xanthorhoe packardata
MONA_number: 7369.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Xanthorhoe labradorensis
Labrador Carpet Moth
MONA_number: 7368.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Xanthorhoe unidentified species
MONA_number: 7393.01
............
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Coryphista meadii
Barberry Geometer Moth
MONA_number: 7290.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Tortricidia unidentified species
MONA_number: 4654.01
............
Thyraylia hollandana species complex
MONA_number: 3847.02
............
Thyraylia unidentified species
MONA_number: 3847.01
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Cochylis unidentified species
MONA_number: 3783.01
............
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Choristoneura unidentified species
MONA_number: 3646.01
............
Cydia caryana
Hickory Shuckworm Moth
MONA_number: 3471.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Gretchena deludana
Arrowhead Moth
MONA_number: 3259.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Proteoteras unidentified species
MONA_number: 3237.01
............
Phaneta radiatana
MONA_number: 2908.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Olethreutes unidentified species
MONA_number: 2858.21
............
Olethreutes inornatana
Inornate Olethreutes Moth
MONA_number: 2788.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Episimus unidentified species
MONA_number: 2703.01
............
Carposina unidentified species
MONA_number: 2317.01
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Chionodes unidentified species
MONA_number: 2125.01
...............
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Chionodes fondella
MONA_number: 2076.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Coleotechnites unidentified species
MONA_number: 1833.01
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Aristotelia unidentified species
MONA_number: 1764.01
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Walshia unidentified species
MONA_number: 1620.01
...............
Olethreutes sericoranum
MONA_number: 2810.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....