Moths of North Carolina
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Cameraria quercivorella
MONA_number: 835.00
Cameraria is a genus of leaf-mining micromoths. Many species are stenophagous and specialize on a small number of closely related host species. There are currently more than 50 described species in North America.The following description of the adults is based on Braun (1908). The face and palps are silvery white, while the tuft is white above and reddish orange on the sides. The antennae are whitish, with e...This species is a fairly generalist feeder on members of the red oak group, particularly Northern Red Oak (Eiseman, 2019). Populations occur in a variety of urban and forested landscapes with the host...Eiseman (2019) listed the following oaks as hosts: Southern Red Oak (Q. falcata), Bear Oak (Q. ilicifolia), Laurel Oak (Q. laurifolia), Sand Post Oak (Q. margarettae), Wate...The adults are attracted to lights, and the adults can be reared from the upper-surface mines. The leaf mines are similar to those of C. conglomeratella, so adults should be reared to accuratel...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Olethreutes glaciana
MONA_number: 2847.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pelochrista milleri
MONA_number: 3170.20
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Pediasia trisecta
Sod Webworm Moth
MONA_number: 5413.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Crambus saltuellus
Pasture Grass-veneer Moth
MONA_number: 5363.00
One of 42 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Scholtens and Solis, 2015), eleven of which have been recorded in North CarolinaThe silver stripe on the forewing is divided by a band of yellowish-brown; a separate white patch is located just before the subterminal line; double black lines extend from the base to the subtermina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Epiblema scudderiana
Goldenrod Gall Moth
MONA_number: 3186.00
......Larvae feed on Compositae, including Solidago, Heterotheca, Euthamia, and Baccharis (Robinson et al., 2010)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S4S5...
Adela ridingsella
Ridings' Fairy Moth
MONA_number: 228.00
Adela is a small genus of moths, and most are noteworthy for having exceptionally long antennae. There are 11 described species in North America.This is a very distinctively patterned Adela that is difficult to confuse with other species. The forewing has a coppery brown ground color that is lighter on the apical half. At the anal angl...The specific habitat requirements are unknown, but specimens have been collected in both hardwood forests and in suburban settings. ...The host plants are unknown. The fact that this species is restricted to the mountains in North Carolina might be related to it exploiting one or more plant species that also have mountain affinities....Most records are based on adults that were attracted to lights. Adults have occasionally been spotted resting on vegetation, but seem to visit flowers far less frequently than Adela caeruleella...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUAlthough widespread in the eastern US, this species appears to be uncommon in North Carolina where it apparently is restricted to the mountains. ...
Argyrotaenia pinatubana
Pine Tube Moth
MONA_number: 3602.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S5...
Xylesthia unidentified species
MONA_number: 317.01
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Stenoptinea unidentified species
MONA_number: 297.01
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Catocala serena
Serene Underwing
MONA_number: 8779.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Included by Barnes and McDunnough (1918) in their Group V (also adopted by Forbes, 1954). This groups comprises 10 species, all of which feed on Hickories or Walnuts (Juglandaciae). In addition to serena, other members of this group that occur in North Carolina include habilis, robinsonii, judith, flebilis, angusi, obscura, residua, and sappho.A medium-large, dull gray Underwing with black and orange-banded hindwings. The head and thorax are dull brownish gray, contrasting with the darker brown collar. The ground color of the forewings is a...Our records come from several types of rich hardwood forests, including Rich Coves, Montane Alluvial Forests, and the Rich Subtype of Northern Hardwoods....Stenophagous, feeding on Shagbark Hickory (Wagner et al., 2011); Sargent (1976) speculated that Walnut might also be used...All of our records come from blacklights, in some cases augmented by blacklight spotlights. Like most Underwings, it probably also comes well to bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S3S4]This species has a somewhat restricted range in North Carolina and is moderately specizalized in terms of its habitat preferences. However, the habitats used by this species are still widespread in th...
Ecdytolopha insiticiana
Locust Twig Borer Moth
MONA_number: 3497.00
The adults can be easily identified from the rather distinctive patterning on the forewing. Dark ashy brown to grayish brown coloration covers the entire forewing from the base to about mid-way on th......Larvae feed on Black Locust and possibly on other species of Robinia, as well as Wisteria (Robinson et al., 2010)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S4S5...
Dysodia oculatana
Eyed Dysodia Moth
MONA_number: 6078.00
......Larvae appear to be polyphagous, with records from both Composites and Legumes (Robinson et al., 2012)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Loscopia velata
Veiled Ear Moth
MONA_number: 9454.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Acrobasis angusella
Hickory Leafstem Borer Moth
MONA_number: 5673.00
"All Acrobasis with a 3 are very tricky for ID. In some cases it requires close look at male antennae, in others a look at the underside of the wings in males. In some cases females cannot be distin......Larvae feed on Hickories, including Carya glabra, Carya ovalis, and Carya tomentosa (Neunzig, 1972)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S4...
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Haploa lecontei
Leconte's Haploa Moth
MONA_number: 8111.00
One of six species currently recognized in North America, all of which occur in North CarolinaOne of four species of Haploa that have all white hindwings. The forewings are white and outlined on all margins with black (usually interrupted at the wing angles). Lecontei usually has a strong bl...Records from the Mountains come from both riparian areas (e.g., New River State Park) as well upland forests on slopes and ridges, with perhaps a concentration in mesic habitats. Habitats in the Piedm...Polyphagous, feeding on many species of herbaceous and woody plants (Forbes, 1960; Wagner, 2005). Wagner (2005) specifically lists Apple, Eupatorium, and Willow....Comes moderately well to blacklights, but none of our records come from bait; flushes easily during the day and appears to be at least partially diurnal...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S4S5]This species may have a distribution covering the western two-thirds of the state and appears to occupy a moderately wide range of habitats. It is probably secure in the Mountains but more needs to b...
Salebriaria engeli
Engel's Salebriaria Moth
MONA_number: 5773.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Parectopa robiniella
Locust Digitate Leafminer Moth
MONA_number: 657.00
This is one of nine species of Parectopa that are found in North America. All are very small moths that are specialized leafminers. Adults have a dark brown head that is topped with elongated, white scale tufts. The forewings are dark brown with three oblique silvery costal streaks that alternate with three dorsal oval blotches o...This species is often found in open woodlands and along roadways with Black Locust and other legumes that are host species. ...Black Locust appears to be the primary host plant, but larvae and their digitate leaf mines can be found on other legumes, including species of Amorpha, Desmodium, Galactia, and <...This species can be easily detected by searching for the conspicuous leaf mines on Black Locust and other host plants. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [SU]Although this species has only been recently recognized as occurring in North Carolina, it is very likely to have been overlooked in the past and its host plants suggest it should be fairly widespread...
Limnaecia phragmitella
Shy Cosmet Moth
MONA_number: 1515.00
............
Orthodes majuscula
Rustic Quaker Moth
MONA_number: 10585.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Oligocentria lignicolor
White-streaked Prominent
MONA_number: 8017.00
...Barrens, woodlands, and forests (Wagner, 2005). Our records span the range of hardwood forests in North Carolina, from maritime forests to northern hardwoods....Larvae feed on members of the Fagaceae, including Beech, Chestnut, and Oaks but also reported on birch (Wagner 2005)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
Acrobasis aurorella
MONA_number: 5670.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Leucomele miriamella
MONA_number: 282.00
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Cenopis diluticostana
Spring Dead-leaf Roller Moth
MONA_number: 3716.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Niditinea sabroskyi
Sabrosky's Niditinea
MONA_number: 412.10
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Doleromorpha porphyria
MONA_number: 276.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Olethreutes malana
Malana Leafroller Moth
MONA_number: 2820.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Crambus youngellus
Young's Grass-veneer Moth
MONA_number: 5349.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Caloptilia blandella
MONA_number: 596.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described from North America north of Mexico. The larvae mostly feed on woody plants and begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders. The latter instars usually exit the mines and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe. This species is easily identified by its bold yellow and dark purplish patterning. The forewing ground color is yellow. The dorsal margin of the forewing has a dark purplish edge that extends from the...Almost all records come from sites that are in or near alluvial forests or the bases of mountain slopes. One Coastal Plain record comes from the Tidewater where walnuts are unlikely to occur....Larvae appear to be monophagous feeders on Black Walnut (Harrison, 2017; Robinson et al., 2010). Chambers (1878a) reported mines on Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa) that resemble the ones ma...The adults are attracted to both outdoor building lights and UV lights. The simple folded-leaf shelters resemble those of many leaf-folding tortricids (Harrison, 2017), so larvae in shelters should b...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S4...
Catocala clintonii
Clinton's Underwing
MONA_number: 8872.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Included by Barnes and McDunnough (1918) in their Group XVII (also adopted by Forbes, 1954), which feed mainly on members of the Rosaceae. Kons and Borth, 2015b), however, exclude clintonii from this group, presumably based on absence of certain male genitalic features that they regard as synapomorphies of Group XVII. Both Barnes and McDunnough (1918) and Forbes (1954) also expressed doubts about including it in this group.A medium-sized Underwing with gray forewings and yellow-and-black banded hindwings. The forewing is variably shaded with gray, the costa usually paler than the rest of the wing and the area on the out...Our records come mainly from low-lying areas near streams or other wet sites. Some records from the Mountains come from cove forests or ridges...Larvae are oligophagous, feeding on a number of genera in the Rosaceae. Wagner et al. (2011) list Apple, Cherry, Hawthorn, and Plum (especially Chickasaw Plum)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S4...
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Tanygona lignicolorella
MONA_number: 1500.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Fissicrambus mutabilis
Changeable Grass-veneer Moth
MONA_number: 5435.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Astrotischeria astericola
MONA_number: 157.00
Astrotischeria astericola is one of 13 described species of Astrotischeria in North America. Most species feed on members of the Asteraceae. The ground color of the forewings varies from clear bright ocher yellow to brownish ocherous and is sometimes dusted with brownish scales (Braun 1972). A band of larger scales extends diagonally acro...This species favors mesic to drier forests or forest edges that support native asters. ...Symphyotrichum cordifolium and S. lateriflorum appear to be the most important hosts in North Carolina. These species are widespread in mesic forests and forest edges in the Blue Ridge. ...The adults do not appear to come to lights or bait traps. They are best obtained by collecting and holding leaves with leaf mines until the adults emerge. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.[GNR][S3S5]As of 2020, we only have records for two counties in the state, but that is very likely due to lack of effective surveying efforts. One of the primary host plants, Symphyotrichum cordifolium, i...
Acrobasis palliolella
Mantled Acrobasis Moth
MONA_number: 5659.00
......Larvae feed on Hickories, including Carya ovata, C. carolinae-septentrionalis, and C. illinoensis (Robinson et al., 2010)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S4...
Acrobasis exsulella
Cordovan Pyralid Moth
MONA_number: 5672.00
......Larvae feed on Hickories, including Carya tomentosa and C. illinoensis (Neunzig, 1972)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S5...
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Strobisia iridipennella
Iridescent Strobisia Moth
MONA_number: 2253.00
...............
Philonome clemensella
MONA_number: 462.00
......Larvae have been reported feeding on Walnut and Basswood (Robinson et al., 2012)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Catocala ultronia
Ultronia Underwing
MONA_number: 8857.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Included by Barnes and McDunnough (1918) in their Group XVII (also adopted by Forbes, 1954), which feed mainly on members of the Rosaceae; 12 other members of this group (as redefined by Kons and Borth, 2015b) also occur in North Carolina.......Larvae are oligophagous, feeding on several members of the Rosaceae. Wagner et al. (2011) state that Prunus species are the main host plants but that they also use Apple and Hawthorn to some extent.......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
Amydria effrentella
MONA_number: 334.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Gypsonoma unidentified species
MONA_number: 3229.21
............
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Capsula oblonga
Oblong Sedge Borer
MONA_number: 9449.00
...Cattail marshes...Larvae feed on Cattails (Forbes, 1954)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S5...
Peoria roseotinctella
MONA_number: 6049.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Synanthedon exitiosa
Peachtree Borer Moth
MONA_number: 2583.00
Of the 133 members of the Sesiidae family that occur in North American north of Mexico, 30 have been recorded in North Carolina, with members of the genus Synanthedon making up half of that number. The taxonomy of some groups in this family remains vexing. Sesiids are broadly referred to as clearwing borers.Strongly sexually dimorphic. Male: Thorax shiny bluish-black, with narrow, pale yellow, subdorsal lines. Abdomen shiny bluish-black and proportionally long and thin with narrow to fine, pale ye...Forested areas and orchards where host plants are found....A recognized, destructive pest of peach (Prunus persica), but also attacks other Prunus spp. such as almond, apricot, plum, and cherry (Eichlin & Duckworth, 1988). ...Not attracted to lights or bait, but females may be seen around food plants. Males are unlikely to be seen unless lured to traps using synthetic, chemically engineered sex attractants, to which they s...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.Given its economic importance, this is among the most-studied of sesiids. It’s a common and widespread species in North Carolina and is easily attracted to pheromone lures. While sample size has...
Synanthedon kathyae
Holly Borer Moth
MONA_number: 2579.00
......Larvae feed on Ilex (Robinson et al., 2012)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Nemapogon clematella
MONA_number: 263.50
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Apatelodes torrefacta
Spotted Apatelodes Moth
MONA_number: 7663.00
...Fields and woodlands (Wagner, 2005). Our records come primarily from hardwood forests, including bottomlands, peatlands, dry sand ridges, cove forests, and high elevation forests. We also have a numbe...Larvae are polyphagous, feeding on a wide range of hardwood trees and shrubs; blackberry is also used (Wagner, 2005)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
Microcrambus elegans
Elegant Grass-veneer Moth
MONA_number: 5420.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Cosmopterix gemmiferella
MONA_number: 1490.00
Cosmopterix is a very large genus of small, colorful moths that are found on every continent except Antarctica. There are 31 species that are currently recognized in North America, and all are leafminers. The following description focuses on forewing and antenna patterning, and is based on a more detailed description presented by Koster (2010). The vertex is brown with two silvery lateral lines and a m...The larvae feed on Dichanthelium species that are found in a variety of mesic to dry habitats such as open woods, woodland clearings, and roadsides. ...The larvae feed on Witchgrasses (Dichanthelium spp.). The only known hosts are D. acuminatum and D. dichotomum (Eiseman, 2019)....The adults are attracted to UV lights, and can be reared from Dichanthelium mines. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.We currently have insufficient data on the abundance and distribution of this species in the state to access its conservation status. As of 2020, we have only one record, and it is historic....
Oenoe hybromella
MONA_number: 283.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Neohelvibotys unidentified species
MONA_number: 4979.01
...............