Moths of North Carolina
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Macrosaccus robiniella
MONA_number: 790.00
Three Phyllonorycter species that occur in North Carolina were placed in a new genus, Macrosaccus, by Davis and De Prins (2011) based on differences in wing venation, genitalia, and life history traits. These are all leafminers that use different host species. The following is primarily based on Braun's (1908) description of the species. The face and palps are silvery, and the antenna is dark brown. The tuft is dark brown with grayish scales towards the fr...Local populations are strongly dependent on black locust for successful reproduction. This species is common in edge habitats such as along roadways or fencerows, but also occurs in mesic hardwood fo...Larvae feed primarily on Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), but make occasionally use other species of Robinia, including Bristly Locust (R. hispida) and Clammy Locust (R. vi......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SH...
Zanclognatha marcidilinea
Yellowish Zanclognatha Moth
MONA_number: 8352.00
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010; 2013; Wagner and McCabe, 2011), all of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Formerly, this species was identified as "jacchusalis" (e.g., see Forbes, 1956; Hodges et al., 1983; Covell, 1984), but was re-identified as "marcidilinea" by Lafontaine and Honey (2009) (see also Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010), based on an examination of the type specimen. As another result of this analysis, the name "jacchusalis" was re-applied to the species that had formerly been known as "ochreipennis".One of the larger species of Zanclognatha, marcidilinea is pale luteous- or gray-brown that is lightly and evenly dusted with fuscous scales (Forbes, 1954). The antemedian is waved and the postmedian...Our records come from both wet-mesic and dry-xeric stands of hardwoods...May feed on dead leaves and detritus like other members of this genus......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S4S5...
Zanclognatha jacchusalis
Wavy-lined Zanclognatha Moth
MONA_number: 8353.00
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010; 2013; Wagner and McCabe, 2011), all of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Formerly, this species was identified as "ochreipennis" (e.g., see Forbes, 1956; Hodges et al., 1983; Covell, 1984), but was re-identified as "jacchusalis" by Lafontaine and Honey (2009) (see also Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010), based on an examination of the type specimen. As another result of this analysis, the name "marcidilinea" was re-applied to the species that had formerly been known as "jacchusalis".One of the larger species of Zanclognatha, jaccusalis is yellowish- or orange-brown that is heavily speckled or mottled with dark brown; the antemedian line is waved and the postmedian line is deeply ...Wagner et al. (2011) list barrens, oak woodlands, and forests as the habitat of this species. Most of our records come from wet to mesic hardwoods, however, including riparian and cove forests and nor...Larvae presumably feed on dead leaves and detritus; reared on dead oak leaves in captivity (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Phyllonorycter propinquinella
Cherry Blotch Miner Moth
MONA_number: 784.00
Phyllonorycter is a genus of small and often colorful moths, with 79 described species in North America. The larvae of most form underside tentiform mines on woody plants and pupate within the mines. The following description is primarily based on Braun's (1908) original description of the species. The antenna is dark gray, and the face and palps are silvery. The tuft is dark brown with a mix of ...Phyllonorycter propinquinella appears to only use Black Cherry as a host. Black Cherry is a seral species that germinates poorly in full shade, but is common in many mesic forests and second-gr...The only documented host is Black Cherry (Prunus serotina), but other Prunus species could potentially be used. ...The adults appear to rarely visit lights. We recommend searching for the tentiform mines and rearing adults. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Tornos scolopacinaria
Dimorphic Gray Moth
MONA_number: 6486.00
One of seven species in this New World genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Rindge, 1954), three of which have been recorded in North Carolina...The majority of our records come from Longleaf Pine savannas and flatwoods. Other records come from in or near old fields....Larvae have been recorded on Symphyotrichum ericoides (=Aster multiflorus), Coreopsis auriculata, and Coreopsis grandiflora (Rindge, 1954); other members of the Compositae seem likely to be used.......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S3S4...
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Apantesis carlotta
Carlotta's Tiger Moth
MONA_number: 8171.10
One of four species in this genus that occur in North America, all of which are found in North Carolina. Carlotta was described fairly recently by Ferguson (1985), who noted the possible existence of additional species in the Middle Atlantic States. Based on conversations we had with Ferguson, we tentatively identified the form associated with Longleaf Pine habitats in the Coastal Plain as separate from the one -- presumably the described species -- that occurs in the Mountains; in the NHP Rare Animal Books up through 2012, this form was referred to as Apantesis new species near carlotta. Apart from the strikingly disjunct distribution, however, there appears to be too little evidence -- including from genetic bar-coding -- to support their continued separation; we treat them here as a single species.Species of Apantesis and Grammia resemble one another, but Apantesis are generally smaller and the pattern of yellow lines is usually much more reduced, with the median, lower portion of the post-medi...Ferguson (1985) thought this species was primarily a grassland species, which is consistent with our records. Coastal Plain populations appear to be strongly tied to wet Longleaf Pine savannas, with ...Ferguson (1985) reared larvae on weedy Composites; Wagner (2005) just lists forbs. Probably polyphagous on many low-growing species of herbaceous plants....Appears to come to blacklights moderately well but usually in small numbers. Does not come to bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [SU]The Coastal Plain form was previously tracked as Significantly Rare by the Natural Heritage Program, due to its tight association with Longleaf Pine savannas, a habitat type that has undergone severe ...
Caudellia apyrella
Crescent-winged Caudellia Moth
MONA_number: 6012.00
......Larvae feed on the seeds of Dodder (Cuscuta species); Cuscuta compacta and C. apyrella have both been documented as hosts in North Carlina (Corrette and Neunzig, 1979). Both of those species inhabit w......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S4...
Cyclophora pendulinaria
Sweetfern Geometer Moth
MONA_number: 7139.00
...Sandy barrens, woodlands, and forests (Wagner et al.,2001)...Polyphagous, feeding on a wide range of hardwood trees and shrubs, with a preference for Alder, Bayberry, Birch, Blueberry, Gale, Huckleberry, and Sweetfern (Wagner et al., 2001).......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Phyllonorycter mariaeella
MONA_number: 769.00
Eiseman and Davis (2020) treated a closely related form, Phyllonorycter affinis, as a junior synonym of P. mariaeella.The following is primarily based on Braun's (1908) description of this species. The ground color of the head, head tuft, thorax, and forewings varies from reddish saffron to golden brown. The antenna ...Local populations are restricted to sites with the host plants, which include both native and introduced members of the Caprifoliaceae. These occupy a wide variety of disturbed and forested habitats ...Larvae mine the leaves of members of the Caprifoliaceae, including honeysuckles (Lonicera), horse-gentians (Triosteum), and coralberries (Symphoricarpos). Symphoricarpos w...The adults rarely visit lights, so we recommend searching for the leaf mines and rearing and photographing the adults. ...GNR SUThis species is seemingly rare in the state, but this may reflect the fact that little statewide effort has been put forth to document leafminers in North Carolina. ...
Phyllonorycter celtisella
MONA_number: 743.00
Phyllonorycter is a genus of small and often colorful moths, with 79 described species in North America. The larvae of most form underside tentiform mines on woody plants and pupate within the mines. The following is primarily based on descriptions in Chambers (1871a) and Braun (1908). The face and palpi are silvery white, and the antenna is silvery and annulated above with dark brown. The tuft, t...The larvae only feed on hackberries (Celtis spp.). The hosts include (C. laevigata), which is found on riverbanks, natural levees, and forested floodplains, and (C. occidentalis),...The known hosts are Southern Hackberry (Celtis laevigata) and Northern Hackberry (C. occidentalis). As of 2020, our records in North Carolina are all from C. laevigata. Celtis...The adults are attracted to UV lights, but are most easily obtained by rearing them from mines on hackberries. Braun (1908) noted that the mines are often abundant on hackberries, and they can be eas...GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient data on the distribution and abundance of populations in North Carolina to assess the conservation status of this species....
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Anarsioses aberrans
MONA_number: 725.00
The following description of the adults is primarily from Davis (2019); the original description is in Braun (1930). The frons is white, and the dorsal scale tuft has a mixture of white and dark brown......Anarsioses aberrans specializes on legumes (Fabaceae). Davis (2019) listed the following documented hosts: Hog Peanut (Apios americana), Hoary Tick-trefoil (Desmodium canescens),...The adults appear to rarely visit UV lights, and most records are from individuals that were reared from leaf mines. Look for the mines in May, and again in August and September. ...GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient data on the distribution and abundance of this species within the state to accurately assess its conservation status....
Phyllonorycter argentinotella
MONA_number: 734.00
Phyllonorycter is a genus of small and often colorful moths, with 79 described species in North America. The larvae of most form underside tentiform mines on woody plants and pupate within the mines. The following description is based on Clemens (1859) and Braun (1908). The antenna is silvery white, and sometimes has faint darker annulations. The face is silvery white, and the tuft is silvery whi...This species is found in forests or forest edges where elms grow. Habitats can range from bottomland forests and moist slopes, to drier ridges and open woods. In addition to using forested sites, el...Phyllonorycter argentinotella specializes on elms (Braun, 1908; Eiseman, 2019). The known hosts include Winged Elm (Ulmus alata), American Elm (U. americana), and Slippery Elm (The adults occasionally visit UV lights, but many records are from adults that were reared from active mines on elm leaves. ...GNR SUWe currently do not have sufficient data on the distribution and abundance of populations to assess the conservation status of this species. ...
Ceratomia catalpae
Catalpa Sphinx
MONA_number: 7789.00
Six species of this genus occur in the US with a few more in the Neotropics. The genus appears to be an assemblage of several unrecognized genera and our three species eventually will probably all be placed in separate genera.This is the smallest and darkest species in the genus in North Carolina. Can be confused with C. undulosa but this is a smaller and darker species that usually appears smudged. It is usually capture...Catalpa is native to riparian habitats in the Mississippi Valley and Gulf Coast but is not considered to be naturally occurring in North Carolina. Most records for this moth are probably associated wi...Monophagous, one of the few members of this family specialized on a single host plant. Catalpa is exclusively used as recorded so far....Adults have a very short proboscis and lack the full set of muscles needed to imbibe nectar. They have not been recorded at flowers but come readily to light but not to baits. Caterpillars can be qu...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [SU]As a likely introduced species feeding on an introduced, somewhat invasive plant, this species is of no conservation concern in North Carolina except possibly as a control on the spread of Catalpa....
Cameraria betulivora
Birch-leaf Blotchminer Moth
MONA_number: 810.00
Cameraria is a genus of leaf-mining micromoths. Many species are stenophagous and specialize on a small number of closely related host species. There are currently more than 50 described species in North America.The following is based primarily on the original description of a single female by Walsingham (1891) and illustrated by Braun (1908). The antennae are grayish above and white beneath. The palps, head,...Our one historic record for this species (Braun, 1912) probably comes from a Cove Forest. The most recent collections are from higher elevation sites near Clingman's Dome, and in the Craggy Mountains...The reported larval hosts include Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis), Paper Birch (B. papyrifera), and Gray Birch (B. populifolia (Robinson et al., 2010; Eiseman, 2019). In Nor...This species appears to be rare in North Carolina. We recommend searching for the mines on the upper surfaces of Yellow Birch or other birches during the summer months. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.[GNR] SUPopulations that have been collected in North Carolina are associated with communities with Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis). Populations in our mountains may be disjunct from those from t...
Catastega timidella
Oak Trumpet Skeletonizer Moth
MONA_number: 3333.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Stigmella caryaefoliella
MONA_number: 93.10
Members of the genus Stigmella are a group of small leaf-mining moths that typically create linear mines, although a few species form linear-blotch or blotch mines. Newton and Wilkinson (1982) recognized 51 species in their revision on the North American fauna, and new discoveries have since raised the total to around 57 species. Almost all species are specialists and rarely use more than one genus of host plants. Host-specificity, mine characteristics, and genitalic differences are helpful in recognizing closely related forms that are externally similar. The following description of the adults is based on Braun (1917) and Wilkinson and Scoble (1979). The palps are gray and lustrous, and the antenna is purplish gray and lustrous. The tuft is pale ochre...Stigmella caryaefoliella is a specialist on hickories and occurs in a variety of hardwood or mixed conifer-hardwood forests with the host species. ...The known hosts include Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis), Pecan (C. illinoinensis), Shagbark Hickory (C. ovata), and Mockernut Hickory (C. tomentosa). ...The adults appear to rarely visit lights and most records are based on either leaf mines or adults that were raised from mines. We recommend searching for mines, and rearing and photographing the adu...GNR SUWe have very few records for this species in North Carolina, which likely reflect the extent to which leaf-mining species have been undercollected, rather than true rarity. Additional data on the dis...
Abagrotis alternata
Greater Red Dart Moth
MONA_number: 11029.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Abagrotis anchocelioides
Blueberry Budworm Moth
MONA_number: 11045.00
A medium-sized, dull reddish-brown Dart. The head, thorax, and ground color of the forewings are all reddish-fuscous with an iridescent crimson sheen in some lights (Forbes, 1954). The antemedian and ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Argyrotaenia kimballi
Kimball's Leafroller Moth
MONA_number: 3600.00
According to Obraztsov (1961) kimballi differs from velutinana in having the basal area of forewings much paler along the costal margin and in the costal spot between the median fascia and wing apex ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Micrurapteryx salicifoliella
Willow Leafblotch Miner Moth
MONA_number: 647.00
......Larvae feed on Willows (Robinson et al., 2010; Eiseman, 2019)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 SU...
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Ochropleura implecta
Flame-shouldered Dart Moth
MONA_number: 10891.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Idaea bonifata
MONA_number: 7102.00
One of thirty species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016). Thirteen have been recorded in North Carolina.A small (one of the smallest Geometrids) yellowish to tan Wave. The face is black and strongly contrasting with the buff-colored inter-antennal ridge. The ground color of the forewings is buff and is ...Our records come from somewhat both fairly dry woodlands and riparian forests...Larvae feed on dried flowers and are often pests in herbaria (Forbes, 1948; Robinson et al., 2010)...Comes to lights to some extent...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUWe have too few records to determine the distribution, abundance, host plants, or habitat affinities for this species in North Carolina. More such information is needed in order to assess its conserva...
Zanclognatha obscuripennis
Dark Zanclognatha Moth
MONA_number: 8347.00
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010; 2013; Wagner and McCabe, 2011), all of which have been recorded in North Carolina...North Carolina records come from a wide range of forests and shrublands, including maritime forests, peatlands, bottomland hardwoods, longleaf pine flatwoods and savannas, Piedmont barrens, cove fores...Larvae feed on dead leaves and detritus but has also been reared on hazel (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S5...
Phyllonorycter intermixta
MONA_number: 759.00
The following is largely based on Braun's (1930) original description from specimens from Ohio. The antenna is pale fuscous except for silvery white near the base. The tuft is white above and brownis...Local populations only occur where hazelnuts are present. Our two native species of hazelnuts occur in a wide variety of habitats that range from dry, rocky, ridge tops and woods (Corylus cornuta<...Larvae and mines have been found on American Hazelnut (Corylus americana), Beaked Hazelnut (C. cornuta) and a hybrid ornamental Hazelnut (C. americana × C. avellana; Robins...We recommend searching for the mines on hazelnuts during the summer and early fall months. Photographs of the adults are needed, so we encourage individuals to rear and photograph adults whenever pos...GNR S2S4This species is apparently known from just a few records globally (see Moth Photographers Group) and we currently have only one record for this species in North Carolina. Its host plant is fairly wide...
Cameraria corylisella
MONA_number: 817.00
This is one of over 50 Cameraria species that have been described from North America. The forewings of the adults have a light tawny ground color that is overlain with three narrow white bands that are edged on the posterior margin with black. The subterminal band is broken, and there ...Local populations only occur where hazelnuts are present. Our two native species of hazelnuts occur in a wide variety of habitats that range from dry, rocky ridge tops and woods (Corylus cornutaCameraria corylisella is a rather specialized leafminer that uses both beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta) and American Hazelnut (C. americana). ...Local populations are most easily located by searching for the distinctive leaf mines that occur on hazelnut leaves. The adults appear to only occasionally come to lights....GNR [SU]North Carolina is at the southernmost range limit of Cameraria corylisella. This species was only recently discovered in North Carolina and currently has only a few records. The previous south...
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Phyllocnistis vitegenella
MONA_number: 853.00
Phyllocnistis is a large genus with more than 125 described species worldwide, with 16 species currently recognized in North America. Davis and Wagner (2011) surmised that there may be hundreds of undescribed species in the neotropics. The adults of some species are very similar, and knowledge of the hostplant and mine characteristics is helpful in identifying morphologically similar species (Eiseman, 2019).The head and thorax are glistening snowy white, while the antenna is dark above. The ground color of the forewing is glistening snowy white, but tinged with light golden towards the apex. Overlaying t...Local populations are strongly associated with wild grapes, which are the primary hosts. Grapes inhabit a variety of forest and edge habitats, and often become established after soil disturbance or t...Larvae feed on wild grapes (Muscadinia and Vitis spp.; Robinson et al., 2010; Eiseman, 2019). Some of the known hosts include Muscadine (Muscadinia rotundifolia), Possum Grape (The adults rarely appear at lights and most records are based on leaf mines. Photographs of adults are needed to better document phenotypes that occur in North Carolina, and are best obtained by rear...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUThis species is undoubtedly more common than our records suggest given that the mines are easily overlooked and that little effort has been put forth to document leafminers in the state. ...
Epiblema strenuana_abruptana complex
Ragweed Borer Moth
MONA_number: 3172.00
Epiblema strenuana and E. abruptana are members of a poorly resolved species complex that is currently in revision. The Epiblema strenuana-abruptana complex, as recognized here, includes specimens that resemble E. strenuana, E. abruptana, and related forms.............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Phyllocnistis insignis
MONA_number: 846.00
Phyllocnistis is a large genus with more than 125 described species worldwide, with 16 species currently recognized in North America. Davis and Wagner (2011) surmised that there may be hundreds of undescribed species in the neotropics. The adults of some species are very similar, and knowledge of the hostplant and mine characteristics is helpful in identifying morphologically similar species (Eiseman, 2019).The adults are boldly marked with gray, orange, white, and black patterning and are not easily confused with other species. The head and thorax are lead-colored, and the forewing is mostly lead-color...P. insignis uses a variety of host plants that occur in habitats that include dry to mesic forests, woodland edges, fields and roadsides, and highly disturbed, weedy habitats. ...This species is a specialist on members of the Asteraceae. Except for one observation of P. insignis using Prenanthes, it specializes on members of the tribe Senecioneae (Eiseman 2019)....The easiest way to document local populations is by searching for the conspicuous leaf mines that occur on host plants. Species of Arnoglossum, Erechtites, and Packera are com...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S4S5This species is probably more common that are records suggest due to the fact that little effort has been put forth to document leafminers in the state. ...
Phyllocnistis ampelopsiella
MONA_number: 844.00
Phyllocnistis is a large genus with more than 125 described species worldwide, with 16 species currently recognized in North America. Davis and Wagner (2011) surmised that there may be hundreds of undescribed species in the neotropics. The adults of some species are very similar, and knowledge of the hostplant and mine characteristics is helpful in identifying morphologically similar species (Eiseman, 2019).The following is based primarily on Chambers’ (1871) original description. The forewing is snowy white and slightly golden towards the apex. The antenna, except near the base, is pale fuscous to...Local populations are dependent on Virginia Creeper for successful reproduction. This widespread vine occurs in a wide variety of forest and forest edge habitats that range from swamplands and bottoml...Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) is the only known native host used by this species in North America. Robinson et al. (2010) list this species as feeding on Ampelopsis and ...The adults appear to rarely visit lights. Most records are for either leaf mines, or for adults that were reared from leaf mines. We recommend searching for occupied mines on the undersides of leaves...GNR SUThis species is probably more common than our records suggest given that little effort has been put forth to document leafminers in North Carolina, and that the underside mines are difficult to spot w...
Phyllocnistis vitifoliella
no common name
MONA_number: 854.00
Phyllocnistis is a large genus with more than 125 described species worldwide, with 16 species currently recognized in North America. Davis and Wagner (2011) surmised that there may be hundreds of undescribed species in the neotropics. The adults of some species are very similar, and knowledge of the hostplant and mine characteristics is helpful in identifying morphologically similar species (Eiseman, 2019).The following is based primarily on Chambers’ (1871) original description. The head, thorax, and antenna are glistening snowy white. The ground color of the forewing is also glistening snowy whi...Local populations are strongly associated with wild grapes, which appear to be the primary hosts. Grapes inhabit a variety of forest and edge habitats. Representative habitats include forest edges al...The larvae feed on wild grapes (Muscadinia and Vitis spp.; Robinson et al., 2010; Eiseman, 2019). Some of the known hosts include Muscadine (Muscadinia rotundifolia), Summer Grap...We recommend looking for mines on the upper surfaces of grape leaves; photographs of individuals that are reared from mines are needed to better document phenotypes that occur in North Carolina. ...GNR SU...
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Sparganothis sulfureana
Sparganothis Fruitworm Moth
MONA_number: 3695.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Macaria granitata
Granite Moth
MONA_number: 6352.00
One of 25 species in this genus -- commonly known as Angles (as in angular, referring to the wing shape) -- that occur in North America; 17 have been reported from North Carolina. Similar to other Macaria in their angled hindwings and sub-falcate forewings, but members of this species group are distinguished from all other North Carolina Macaria in possessing a grayish rather t...Both Pitch Pine and Scrub Pine are associated primarily with dry ridges and other upland habitats; Scrub Pine also occurs in a variety of succesional habitats. In the Mountains, Macaria granitaria occ...Stenophagous, feeding solely on hard pines, particularly Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida) and Scrub Pine (P. virginiana) (Fertguson, 1974; Wagner et al., 2001; Ferguson, 2008; Maier et al., 2013). In North ...Comes well to 15 watt blacklights but we do not have any records from either bait or flowers....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]Although fairly narrow in its host plant preferences, granitaria feeds on fairly common to abundant species and occupies a fairly wide range of upland habitats, including successional stands. It also...
Macaria pinistrobata
White Pine Angle
MONA_number: 6347.00
One of 25 species in this genus -- commonly known as Angles (as in angular, referring to the wing shape) -- that occur in North America; 17 have been reported from North Carolina. Similar to other Macaria in their angled hindwings and sub-falcate forewings, but members of the signaria species group are distinguished from all other North Carolina Macaria in possessing a grayish ...Our records come a variety of mesic to dry forests in the Mountains, corresponding to the range of habitat types where White Pine grows....Monophagous, feeding only on White Pine (Pinus strobus) (Ferguson, 1974; Wagner et al., 2001; Ferguson, 2008; Maier et al., 2013)....Comes well to 15 watt blacklights but we do not have any records from either bait or flowers....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]Although highly specialized, the host plant used by pinistrobata is abundant, widespread, and occupies a wide range of montane habitats, including pine plantations. Currently, this moth appears to be...
Synchlora aerata
Wavy-lined Emerald
MONA_number: 7058.00
One of eight species in this genus that occur north of Mexico (Ferguson, 1985), two of which are found in North Carolina.This species and Synchlora frondaria are both small, bright green Emeralds, with narrow white antemedian and postmedian lines, a dorsal white stripe on the abdomen, and with little or no red on the wi...Most of our records come from open, forb-rich habitats. These include old fields and disturbed areas but also natural habitats such as maritime dunes and marshes; Longleaf Pine savannas, flatwoods, a...Both of our species of Synchlora are polyphagous, feeding on the flowers and seed heads of many species of herbaceous plants. Composites may be favored, with many species listed by Ferguson (1985) and...Comes well to blacklights but we have no records from bait or flowers. Wagner (2005) reports good success in looking for larvae on flowers, using anomalous collections of plant fragments as a cue....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]This species is widespread, polyphagous on a extensive range of common plants, and occupies a broad set of habitats, including disturbed areas. Consequently, it appears to be secure within our state....
Lacinipolia meditata
Thinker Moth
MONA_number: 10368.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Eacles imperialis
Imperial Moth
MONA_number: 7704.00
One of two species in this genus occurring in the United States and the only one in our areaThe large yellow adults with pinkish- or purplish-brown spots, blotches, or lines are unmistakeable. ...Occurs in virtually every wooded habitat in the state, including residential areas...Polyphagous, feeding on many species of hardwood trees and shrubs; also on conifers. Brimley (1938) lists the following species as used in North Carolina: Red cedar, oak, Persimmon, Sweetgum, elm, a...Adults come well to 15 watt blacklights, with up to 23 being recorded in a single trap; also frequently observed at incandescent lights. Adults do not feed, so are not attracted to bait or flowers. L...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands. G5 [S5]Populations are locally vulnerable to the effects of weather, outbreaks of disease, parasites, and predators, and to the effects of pesticides. However, given the commonness of their host plants, wid...
Cleora sublunaria
Double-lined Gray Moth
MONA_number: 6594.00
This genus occurs over much of the world but in North America there are only two species and both occur in North Carolina.Moderately long-winged and similar in pattern and coloration to other Geometrids loosely termed the Grays. Usually easy to distinguish by its strong, black, and double-lined antemedian and by a white...We have records from a fairly wide range of Coastal Plain habitats. A number of records come from Maritime Forest and Maritime Scrub communities on the Barrier Islands, as well as from mainland areas...Recorded from cherry, oak and Myrica, and presumed to feed on many other woody plants (Wagner et al., 2001). In our experience, they are on almost any plant you beat in the spring, although at least ...Adults readily come to lights but not to baits. The caterpillars are among the most common species found on plants in late April and May. They may be found on almost all edible plants one searches!...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4S5Caterpillars are abundant and adults are common in the lower eastern half of North Carolina. Doubtless they are common in the upper half as well but we have no records....
Parectopa robiniella
Locust Digitate Leafminer Moth
MONA_number: 657.00
This is one of nine species of Parectopa that are found in North America. All are very small moths that are specialized leafminers. Adults have a dark brown head that is topped with elongated, white scale tufts. The forewings are dark brown with three oblique silvery costal streaks that alternate with three dorsal oval blotches o...This species is often found in open woodlands and along roadways with Black Locust and other legumes that are host species. ...Black Locust appears to be the primary host plant, but the digitate leaf mines can be found on other legumes, including species of Amorpha, Desmodium, Galactia, and LespedezaThis species can be easily detected by searching for the conspicuous leaf mines on Black Locust and other host plants. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [SU]Populations are common in the Blue Ridge and western Piedmont, but more spotty further east. Overall, the species appears to be secure in the mountains; the status elsewhere is less certain. ...
Emarginea percara
Beloved Emarginea Moth
MONA_number: 9718.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pagara simplex
Mouse-colored Lichen Moth
MONA_number: 8099.00
The only member of this genus in North America (Pagara simplex on the MONA list was moved to Trocodima by Ferguson and Opler, 2006). Pagara had been included in the Lichen Moths in the MONA Checklist but was moved to the Callimorphini by Ferguson and Opler (2006) and to the Arctiini by Schmidt and Opler (2008).Brownish gray, with translucent wings that have a yellow shade at the base; the abdomen is yellowish with a mid-dorsal row of dark gray spots (Forbes, 1960; Covell, 1984). Male antennae are strongly ...The vast majority of our records come from Longleaf Pine communities, primarily wet-to-mesic savannas, and sandhill seeps. We also have records from a tract of peatland habitats in the northern Coast...Probably polyphagous on forbs and possibly woody plants (reared in captivity on Dandelion in the Composite family -- Forbes, 1960)...Comes well to blacklights and has only been seen at bait a few times; can also be flushed during the day from herbaceous savanna vegetation...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S4]In North Carolina, this species appears to be strongly specialized on Longleaf Pine communities, which have undergone a major reduction in range and acreage, with the remnants widely scattered and vul...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Schinia nubila
Camphorweed Flower Moth
MONA_number: 11137.00
One of 126 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2011), the majority of which occur in the West; 25 have been recorded in North Carolina....Almost all of our records come from barrier islands where Camphorweed is common. A few also come from sandridge habitats located close to the coast. ...Monophagous, feeding on Camphorweed (Heterotheca subaxillaris) (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Schinia siren
Aluring Schinia Moth
MONA_number: 11115.00
One of 126 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2011), the majority of which occur in the West; 25 have been recorded in North Carolina.............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Cisthene kentuckiensis
Kentucky Lichen Moth
MONA_number: 8061.00
One of twenty species in this genus that occur in North America, five of which have been recorded in North CarolinaBlackish brown with a fairly broad orange line along the inner margin that is confluent with a similar line across the postmedian area of the forewing; hindwing is mainly pink with a dark apex. Simil...Most records are from wet-to-mesic forests, including Longleaf Pine savannas, floodplain hardwoods, and forested lakeshores....Like most Lithosiines, probably feeds on lichens, bark algae, and Cyanobacteria (Covell, 1984; Wagner, 2005)....May come only poorly to blacklights and none of our records come from bait...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands; included as a W3 species on the NHP WatchlistG4 SUAppears to be uncommon to rare but with no clear evidence that it is a habitat specialist; abundance, populations trends, and threats are all unknown...
Scopula lautaria
Small Frosted Wave Moth
MONA_number: 7149.00
...............
Agonopterix atrodorsella
MONA_number: 864.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Anathix ralla
Dotted Sallow
MONA_number: 9961.00
A genus of three North American species of which one has been recorded in North Carolina.This yellow-orange species is not likely to be confused with any species other than Sunira bicolorago. Their flight periods are different: Anathix preceeds Sunira but there is a week or two overlap i...Most of our records come from upland forests, including from both dry and mesic slopes. A few also come from riparian and lakeshore habitats....Apparently unknown which is surprising given the wide distribution and frequency of occurrence. Captive females will probably lay eggs and could be offered a salad of foodplants known to harbor Sunir...Known to respond well to lights but response to bait is unknown....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S4]While it does not appear to be threatened, until the host plants and habitat associations of this species are clarified, the conservation status of Anathix ralla cannot be determined....
Timandra amaturaria
Cross-lined Wave Moth
MONA_number: 7147.00
...We have several records from river shorelines, with others from upland fields or residential areas...Larvae feed on Buckwheat, Dock, and Knotweed, all members of the Polygonaceae (Wagner, 2005)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Phlogophora periculosa
Brown Angle Shades Moth
MONA_number: 9547.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Leucania ursula
Ursula Wainscot Moth
MONA_number: 10461.00
One of 30 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010; Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2015), 16 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Previously included in Subfamily Hadeninae but moved to the much expanded Noctuinae by Lafontaine and Schmidt. They also included it in Tribe Leucaniini along with Mythimna. Additionally, Forbes (1936) grouped ursula with L. inermis, pseudargyria, calidior -- all found in North Carolina -- and the Floridian pilipalpis in the Pseudargyria Complex.A medium-large Wainscot. The forewings are a pale luteous, with darker gray areas located between the orbicular and reniform, before the orbicular, and in a triangular area located in the lower half o............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Hypsopygia olinalis
Yellow-fringed Dolichomia Moth
MONA_number: 5533.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....