Moths of North Carolina
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sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Olethreutes fasciatana
MONA_number: 2823.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Gerdana caritella
MONA_number: 1144.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Mompha eloisella
Red-streaked Mompha Moth
MONA_number: 1443.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Homophoberia apicosa
Black Wedge-spot Moth
MONA_number: 9057.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Anania plectilis
MONA_number: 4953.10
............
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Xylophanes tersa
Tersa Sphinx
MONA_number: 7890.00
Xylophanes is a very large Neotropical genus of some 87 species of which 5 have been found in the U.S. and 1 is resident in North Carolina. Xylophanes tersa is moderately small yellow-brown Sphingid with very narrow, angular wings. Fore-wings and body are tan and longitudinally striped with narrow bands of yellow and darker brown. The h...Occurs primarily in open habitats. We have a large number of records from the Barrier Islands from both dune habitats and maritime forest. Farther inland, tersa has been commonly collected in Longle...Stenophagous, feeding on members of the Rubiaceae. Tuttle (2007) and Wagner (2005) specifically list Buttonweed (Diodia teres) and Buttonplant (Spermacoce glabra), both of which occur in North Caroli...Adults are avid flower visitors at dusk, and we also have a few records from baits. They come well to 15 watt UV lights. Larvae have been observed on a number of occasions, usually as single individu...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]With its statewide distribution and use of a broad range of habitat types, this species appears to be secure....
Acronicta rubricoma
Ruddy Dagger
MONA_number: 9199.00
One of 76 species in this genus found in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2011, 2015), 44 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Rubricoma belongs to Forbes's Group I, which in North Carolina also includes americana, hastulifera, dactylina, and lepusculina.A medium-large Dagger with pale gray to darker brownish-gray forewings. The antemedian and postmedian are double, with a white filling. The antemedian is strongly looped, with particularly long loops ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Smerinthus jamaicensis
Twin-spotted Sphinx
MONA_number: 7821.00
A genus of 10 species across the Holarctic with three occurring in the United States and one reaching North Carolina. The hindwing pattern will recall Paonias to which Smerinthus is closely related.A spectacular brown or gray sphinx moth with a waved outer margin on its forewings and two iridescent blue eyepots on the hindwings, surrounded by crimson and yellow. Even with the hindwings not in v...Any habitat that supports willows which usually means wet meadows or freshwater marshlands, or along ditches and small streams....Willows but no preferences among the species or specific willow habitats have been reported. Poplar, birch and apple have been reported as foodplants in the past but recent use of these plants is unre...Adults come to lights but not to flowers nor bait. The scarcity of records may indicate that higher intensity UV lights are needed instead of the 15 watt blacklights normally used for sampling. Altho...Not currently listed by the Natural Heritage Program but the scarcity of records suggests that it be added to the Watch List. While it has no statewide protection, permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [SU]This species appears to be quite scarce in North Carolina. Host plants and habitats do not appear to be limiting factors, nor does this species appear to show any geographic restrictions. Although u...
Pubitelphusa latifasciella
White-banded Telphusa Moth
MONA_number: 1857.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Holcocera chalcofrontella
MONA_number: 1175.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Hellinsia balanotes
Baccharis Borer Plume Moth
MONA_number: 6210.00
Identifiable through photographs (D. Lott, pers. comm. to JBS).............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Filatima biminimaculella
MONA_number: 2136.00
...............
Scythropiodes issikii
MONA_number: 1066.10
............
Nemapogon angulifasciella
MONA_number: 262.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Phaecasiophora confixana
Macrame Moth
MONA_number: 2771.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Idaea eremiata
Straw Wave Moth
MONA_number: 7115.00
One of thirty species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016). Thirteen have been recorded in North Carolina.A small, pale, poorly marked Wave. Forbes (1948) describes the eastern form as light luteous, with a faint postmedian. It is similar to paler forms of I. demissaria but with a more contrasting red-br...Almost all of our records come from along small streams or impoundments located within otherwise dry habitats -- sandhills in the Coastal Plain and upland woodlands in the Blue Ridge...Apparently unknown...Appears to come fairly well to blacklights...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S3S4We have only a small number of records for this species, but scattered over a fairly wide area and coming from habitats that appear to be fairly common. More information is needed on the host plants u...
Epermenia albapunctella
MONA_number: 2328.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Stigmella macrocarpae/nigriverticella complex
MONA_number: 88.10
...............
Stigmella macrocarpae
MONA_number: 88.00
............
Papaipema appassionata
Pitcher-plant Borer
MONA_number: 9493.00
One of 44 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 30 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA medium-sized, brightly colored, and conspicuously spotted Papaipema. The basal and medial areas are largely yellow to ochre, with dark reddish-brown filling the subterminal and terminal areas, as we...Our records come from Longleaf Pine Savannas in the Outer Coastal Plain and Sandhill Seeps in the Fall-line Sandhills. ...Stenophagous, feeding solely on the rhizomes of Pitcher-plants (Sarracenia spp.). ...Adults come to blacklights but populations can be more easily detected looking for wilting Pitcher Plants and searching for the distinctive mounds of frass at the base of the stems....Listed as Significantly Rare by the Natural Heritage Program. That designation, however, does not confer any legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S2S3This species is an extreme specialist on plants that are themselves highly specialized on open, sunny habitats with acidic, saturated soils. The savannas, sandhill seeps and open peatlands that once p...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Panopoda rufimargo
Red-lined Panopoda Moth
MONA_number: 8587.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Psilocorsis quercicella
Oak Leaftier Moth
MONA_number: 955.00
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaHead and thorax are dark yellowish brown. The ground color of the forewings is also yellowish brown, but mottled with irregular dark brown striae. A dark reniform spot is present and there is often a............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Psilocorsis reflexella
Dotted Leaftier Moth
MONA_number: 957.00
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaSimilar to quercicella but is much larger, has a darker ground color, a more poorly marked adterminal line, and a lighter, non-contrasting fringe. Some of our individuals have a paler ground color and............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Psilocorsis cryptolechiella
Black-fringed Leaftier Moth
MONA_number: 956.00
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, pale yellow to orange, finely striated Leaf-tier. The head, thorax, and base of the forewings are reddish-orange, darker than the ground color of the rest of the forewings, which is pale yell...The habitats where this species have been recorded in North Carolina are mostly undescribed but in one case include a residential neighborhood that retains remnants of mesic hardwood forest...According to Hodges (1974), the principal host plants are various species of oaks but that larvae have also been found on American Chestnut, Black Locust, and Northern Bayberry...Comes to lights but the extent to which has not been determined...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [SU]Too little is currently known about the distribution, habitat associations, and host plant range to make any estimate about its conservation status in North Carolina...
Dichomeris punctipennella
Many-spotted Dichomeris Moth
MONA_number: 2288.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Protapamea louisae
Louisa's Cane Borer
MONA_number: 9454.30
One of two species in this recently described genus (Quinter, 2009), both of which occur solely in eastern North America and have been recorded in North CarolinaA medium-sized Noctuid. The two species of Protapamea are very similar in overall forewing pattern, but the ground color is typically much darker in P. louisae and less warm brown than in danieli, wi...The habitat and species of cane where Franclemont collected his specimen is unknown, but he also collected specimens of Cherokeea attakullakula, another cane-feeding species, in the same general area....Stenophagous, feeding on species of Cane (Arundinaria spp.) (Quinter, 2009). Recent specimens were collected in the vicinity of an extensive area of River Cane (Arundinaria gigantea), upon which this ...Except for the specimen collected by Franclemont in North Carolina (now apparently missing), no adults of this species had been collected or observed in the wild until 2018, when Jim Petranka photogra...Listed as Significantly Rare by the Natural Heritage Program. That designation, however, does not confer any legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SH->[S1S2]Prior to 2018, Protapamea lousisae had not been seen in North Carolina since Franclemont first found it at Highlands in the 1950s. This species appears to be associated with Giant Cane and probably oc...
Resapamea trigona
a Cane Borer
MONA_number: 9386.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GU [S1S2]...
Asaphocrita aphidiella
MONA_number: 1171.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Cochylis temerana
MONA_number: 3781.00
The bold dash from the middle of the forewing to about the middle of the discal cell is fairly characteristic for this species (John Brown, pers. comm. to JBS, 5/9/2019)............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Dioryctria clarioralis
Blister Coneworm Moth
MONA_number: 5863.10
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Strepsicrates smithiana
Bayberry Leaftier Moth
MONA_number: 2907.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Bagisara rectifascia
Straight Lined Mallow Moth
MONA_number: 9169.00
The genus Bagisara contains some 20 described species of which 12 occur in the United States and two have been recorded in North Carolina. Other species in this genus may occur in the western and southeastern parts of the state.Our two species are very similar but can be distinguished by the shape of the forewing margin, the presence of a darkened reniform spot, and shading around the cross lines. B. rectifascia has a smoot...The species seems to occur in open and in wooded areas indicating it probably feeds on a number of Malvaceae....Hibiscus and Turk’s Cap (Wagner et. al., 2011) and probably other related plants...Adults come to light but have not been taken at baits...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.This is one of those species found sparingly but when the details of its life history become known, it may prove to be more common. People with ready access to its potential foodplants should check o...
Agnippe prunifoliella
MONA_number: 1771.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Salebriaria rufimaculatella
MONA_number: 5775.20
"Need high quality images to detect presence or absence of reddish scales in these [tenebrosella, fasciata, and rufimaculatella]" (Scholtens, 2017)............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Coptotriche citrinipennella
MONA_number: 126.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Fissicrambus mutabilis
Changeable Grass-veneer Moth
MONA_number: 5435.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Henricus edwardsiana
MONA_number: 3797.00
...............
Eido trimaculella
MONA_number: 1068.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Eucopina cocana
Shortleaf Pinecone Borer Moth
MONA_number: 3072.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Episimus tyrius
Maple Tip Borer Moth
MONA_number: 2703.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Crocidophora pustuliferalis
MONA_number: 4943.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Ancylis platanana
MONA_number: 3370.00
...Based on the host plants, this species is probably strongly associated with riparian forests, including most types of Levee Forests and Alluvial Forests in the Piedmont and Mountains and Brownwater Le...Appears to be stenophagous on Platanus species (Brown et al., 2008). In North Carolina, this moth is probably monophagous on American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis), our only native species in this ......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [SU]...
Eucosma umbrastriana
MONA_number: 2913.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Ethmia zelleriella
Zeller's Ethmia Moth
MONA_number: 992.00
Ethmia is a large genus of small moths, with over 125 species occurring in the New World, and around 240 species worldwide. North America has 52 species, but only five occur east of the Mississippi River (Powell, 1973). Note the yellowish-orange markings on the legs and abdomens of the adults, along with the white forewings that are boldly marked with black, oval spots and more elongated streaks. ...This species is restricted to habitats where the host plants occur. Phacelia bipinnatifida is primarily found on moist rock outcrops and rocky, mesic forests, while P. dubia is most comm...Although the Fernleaf Phacelia (Phacelia bipinnatifida) and Small-flower Phacelia (P. dubia) are the only known host species, E. zelleriella may possibly use two other species (Is attracted to UV lights. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S2S3]The host plants for this species are considered to be rare or uncommon in NC (S3 rank for both P. bipinnatifida and P. dubia), and Ethmia zelleriella is susceptible to local extin...
Nemoria outina
MONA_number: 7032.00
One of 35 species in this genus that occur in North America (Ferguson, 1985), nine of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Ferguson (1969) included outina within the Extramaria Species Group (Group IV), which in North Carolina also includes elfa and tuscarora.A small, intensely green Emerald with slightly waved, thin white lines. The following characters are distinctive: forewings are finely striated with white; the terminal line is red and continuous; the...Our records come from an area dominated by Longleaf Pine savannas and flatwoods, bordering and containing inclusions of pocosins....Possibly monophagous: larvae were collected from Florida Rosemary (Ceratiola ericoides) (Ferguson, 1985). That species occurs primarily in Florida but extends up the coast to northeast South Carolina...Too little data are available to determine how well this species comes to lights....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SUThis species is globally rare; Ferguson (1985) knew of only 30 specimens. It may also be an extreme habitat specialist, possibly feeding only on a single plant species that itself has a very small glo...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Adela ridingsella
Ridings' Fairy Moth
MONA_number: 228.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Eucopina tocullionana
White Pinecone Borer Moth
MONA_number: 3074.00
The pale orange fascia in the median area is edged with silver. Also note the pale orange scales on the dorsum of the head. ...Eastern White Pine tolerates a wide range of site conditions and can be found in both mesic and dry forest communities. It is most frequent at low to mid-elevations in the mountains. ...Although Eastern White Pine (P. strobus) is the primary host species, specimens have been collected outside of North Carolina from spruces (Picea spp.), Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea...Adults are active shortly after dark and come to lights. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S3S5]Eastern White Pine reaches its southern limits in northern Georgia and populations of E. tocullionana in western North Carolina are near the southern limit of this species' range. The status o...
Telphusa longifasciella
MONA_number: 1858.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Dinumma deponens
MONA_number: 8554.50
This species is easily identified by the presence of a large brownish-black median band on the forewing, together with a dark spot near the outer margin.... Generally restricted to habitats that support the host plant. Albizia julibrissin occurs throughout North Carolina where it thrives in disturbed, sunny habitats such as old fields, stream edges and r...Monophagous and only known to feed on Albizia julibrissin in the US....The adults are attracted to black lights and incandescent lights, and will come to bait (Adams et al. 2013). ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [SNA]As an introduced species, Dinumma does not merit any concerns about its conservation. Since it is apparently restricted to feeding on a host plant that is itself an introduced species, its spr...
Macrosaccus morrisella
MONA_number: 773.00
Macrosaccus morrisella, M. uhlerella and M. robiniella are very small leaf-miners that superficially resemble one another, but differ in host plants and structural features. M...The host plant is mostly found in forest or along forest edges with moist soils. It can also tolerate fairly dry conditions (Weakley, 2015)....This species is a specialist on American Hog-peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata), while M. uhlerella feeds on False Indigo-bush (Amorpha fruticosa). M. robiniella is a special...Searching for the presence of leaf mines on Amphicarpaea may be the best way to locate local populations. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S3S5Hog-peanut is listed as S5, occupying a fairly wide range of habitats and occurring from the Mountains eastward across the Piedmont. On that basis, we estimate that this species is secure within the ...