Moths of North Carolina
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Astrotischeria astericola
MONA_number: 157.00
Astrotischeria astericola is one of 13 described species of Astrotischeria in North America. All species feed on members of the Asteraceae. The ground color of the forewings varies from clear bright ocher yellow to brownish ocherous and is sometimes dusted with brownish scales (Braun 1972). A band of larger scales extends diagonally acro...This species is generally thought to favor mesic to drier forests or forest edges that support native asters. ...Symphyotrichum cordifolium is widespread in mesic forests and forest edges in the Blue Ridge and appears to be the most important host plant based on records from outside of North Carolina. Ot...The adults do not appear to come to lights or bait traps. They are best obtained by collecting and holding leaves with leaf mines until the adults emerge....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.We currently only have one record for this species in the state, but that is very likely due to lack of effective surveying efforts. The primary host plant, Symphyotrichum cordifolium, is ranked G5 S...
Catocala dejecta
Dejected Underwing
MONA_number: 8790.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Included by Barnes and McDunnough (1918) in their Group VI (also adopted by Forbes, 1954). This groups comprises 15 species, all of which feed on Hickories or Walnuts (Juglandaciae). In addition to dejecta, other members of this group that occur in North Carolina include retecta, ulalume, insolabilis, myrisitica, vidua, maestosa, lachrymosa, palaeogama, nebulosa, subnata, and neogama.............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Polygrammodes flavidalis
Ironweed Root Moth
MONA_number: 5228.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Lithophane scottae
MONA_number: 9904.10
One of 51 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 25 of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Lithophane baileyi
Bailey's Pinion
MONA_number: 9902.00
One of 51 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 25 of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Parectopa robiniella
Locust Digitate Leafminer Moth
MONA_number: 657.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Parapoynx allionealis
Watermilfoil Leafcutter Moth
MONA_number: 4764.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Fascista cercerisella
Redbud Leaffolder Moth
MONA_number: 2204.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Scardiella approximatella
MONA_number: 308.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Nacoleia charesalis
MONA_number: 5178.50
......"In their native range, the larvae are cryptic general feed-ers on decaying vegetation"; sometimes boring into plants, including sweet potato (Hayden and Troubridge, 2015)...Appears to be strongly attracted to fermenting fruit and baits (Hayden and Troubridge, 2015)...GNA SNAThis species is native to tropical Southeast Asia. It is currently too soon to tell if this species will establish breeding populations in North Carolina or will simply remain a stray coming up from F...
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Podosesia aureocincta
Banded Ash Clearwing Moth
MONA_number: 2588.00
............GNR SU...
Olceclostera angelica
Angel Moth
MONA_number: 7665.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Palpita magniferalis
Splendid Palpita Moth
MONA_number: 5226.00
A small, gray and brown blotched Pyraustine. The forewings are marked with extensive areas of pale gray; the abdomen is also pale gray and irreglarly marked with fuscous. The orbicular and reniform ar............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S4S5...
Plagodis kuetzingi
Purple Plagodis Moth
MONA_number: 6841.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Ostrinia penitalis
American Lotus Borer Moth
MONA_number: 4946.00
A medium-small, pale yellowish-brown Pyraustine. The markings are contrastingly reddish (rarely grayish). Both the antemedian and postmedian lines are dentate; the postmedian is drawn in below the cel............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Gonioterma mistrella
MONA_number: 1032.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Dichomeris inversella
Dichomeris Species Group
MONA_number: 2310.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Aethiophysa invisalis
MONA_number: 4877.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Dichomeris georgiella
MONA_number: 2277.00
...............
Isogona tenuis
Thin-lined Owlet Moth
MONA_number: 8493.00
A New World genus of uncertain affinity. There are some 15 species found mostly in the tropics with six occurring in the US and Canada. Only one species reaches in North Carolina, the others are mostly found from Texas to Arizona.Adults are triangular with a black collar when resting. The veins and lines of the forewing are a pale yellow that contrasts with the tannish ground color; the postmedian is sharply bent near the cost...All of our records come from rich, wet-to-mesic habitats where Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) is common. These include several sites located within the floodplain or adjoining slopes of the lower Roano...Monophagous or stenophagous, feeding solely on species of Celtis (Hackberries and Sugarberries), which support a fairly rich assemblage of Lepidopteran obligates....Known to respond to light and probably to bait but unlikely to flowers....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 [S3S4]Isogona tenuis is both a host plant and habitat specialist, but should occur at a wider range of sites and habitats than is indicated by our current records. More surveys need to be conducted within r...
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Phalaenostola metonalis
Pale Phalaenostola Moth
MONA_number: 8362.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Evergestis rimosalis
Cross-striped Cabbageworm Moth
MONA_number: 4898.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Schizura badia
Chestnut Schizura Moth
MONA_number: 8006.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Dasylophia thyatiroides
Gray-patched Prominent
MONA_number: 7958.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Baileya australis
Small Baileya
MONA_number: 8973.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Manduca sexta
Carolina Sphinx
MONA_number: 7775.00
A large Neotropical genus (63 species) of which 10 occur in the United States and 4 in North Carolina. This is our most well-known species.A large, grayish-brown sphinx moth. Manduca sexta is very similar and often confused with M. quinquemaculatus which is grayer but similar in size and feeds on many of the same plants. M. sexta is br...Occurs in open agricultural areas throughout the state. Larvae are a common pest of tomatoes in home gardens. The tobacco sphinx is associated with North Carolina's extensive fields of tobacco. ...Feeds on most members of the Solanaceae but most often on tobacco and tomato. ...Adults are active from dusk onward at flowers and are attracted to strong lights, such as mercury-vapor lamps, but come only in small numbers to 15 watt UV lights. They do not come to baits....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]Found primarily in agricultural areas and is not of conservation concern in North Carolina...
Epinotia transmissana
Walker's Epinotia Moth
MONA_number: 3310.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Chrysendeton medicinalis
Bold Medicine Moth
MONA_number: 4744.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Catocala flebilis
Mourning Underwing
MONA_number: 8782.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Included by Barnes and McDunnough (1918) in their Group V (also adopted by Forbes, 1954). This groups comprises 10 species, all of which feed on Hickories or Walnuts (Juglandaciae). In addition to flebilis, other members of this group that occur in North Carolina include habilis, serena, robinsonii, judith, angusi, obscura, residua, and sappho.A medium-large gray Underwing with black hindwings. The ground color is blue-gray, with a dark shade (sometimes faint) or black band running obliquely across the wing, often from close to the basal li...Our records all come from stands of hardwoods, but range widely in terms of both moisture regime and soil chemistry. We have records from both mesic and dry nutrient-rich habitats, including the slope...Stenophagous, feeding on several species of hickories, including Pignut, Mockernut, and Shagbark; also feeds on Black Walnut (Forbes, 1954; Sargent, 1976; Wagner et al., 2011)...Appears to come well to lights. Like other Underwings, probably also comes well to bait. Wagner et al. (2011) describe finding larvae resting under shags or along the fissures in the bark of hickories...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4This species appears to be somewhat uncommon but found over a large part of the state and occurring in still common and extensive types of habitats. Consequently, we believe it is currently secure wit...
Schinia sanguinea
Bleeding Flower Moth
MONA_number: 11173.00
One of 126 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2011), the majority of which occur in the West; 25 have been recorded in North Carolina.............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S2S3...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Hypagyrtis brendae
Brenda's Hypagyrtis Moth
MONA_number: 6657.00
This New World genus contains 7 species, 1 neotropical and 6 from North America, three of which occur in North Carolina (piniata may also be possibly present in the mountains -- Wagner et al., 2001). This genus shows a large range of variation, however, and its taxonomy still appears to be unsettled. Forbes (1948) stated that "the species or forms of this genus are completely confused and show no satisfactory differences in genitalia -- they may be merely races and strains, but breeding from known foods will be needed to make sure."Size and coloration are similar to esther, with the subterminal area shaded with rusty brown and the medial and basal areas shaded with grayish-brown or violet-gray (Macaria transitaria is also very s...Nearly all of our records come from peatland habitats containing stands of Atlantic White Cedar. Only a single specimen has been caught at a site that did not have any White Cedar present but where t...We have not reared larvae to maturity but are confident that Atlantic White Cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides) is the foodplant in North Carolina. Host plants do not appear to have been described in the ...Comes very well to 15 watt UV lights, with up to 215 captured in a single trap at the Dare County Bombing Range. It is unlikely to come to bait or to flowers....Listed as Significantly Rare by the Natural Heritage Program. That designation, however, does not confer any legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S2S3This species is an extreme specialist on a now highly restricted host plant and habitat type. Atlantic White Cedar is a highly prized timber species and many stands -- including most of those on the ...
Bucculatrix coronatella
MONA_number: 559.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016), twelve of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA minute orange moth marked with patches of dark brown and white. The ground color of the forewings, head -- including the dorsal tuft -- and thorax is orange-ochraceous (Braun, 1963). A contrasting p...Two of our records come from river and lake shorelines in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain, where River Birches are common. Habitat at the other site was not recorded, but the site contains river shore...Larvae are leaf miners on River Birch (Betula nigra), although other birches may be possible (Braun, 1963)...All of our records come from lights...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [SU]Known from only a few records in North Carolina but is likely to be both common and widespread based on its host plants and habitat associations...
Cenopis lamberti
MONA_number: 3725.10
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S2S4...
Morrisonia triangula
MONA_number: 10521.10
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G3G4 S3S4...
Oenoe hybromella
MONA_number: 283.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Desmia maculalis
MONA_number: 5160.00
"Need underside of abdomen and size estimate" (Scholtens, 2017)............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Aethes rutilana
MONA_number: 3760.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S2S4]...
Dichomeris marginella
Juniper Webworm Moth
MONA_number: 2282.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S3S4]...
Chrysaster ostensackenella
MONA_number: 842.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Coleotechnites albicostata
White-edged Coleotechnites Moth
MONA_number: 1787.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S4S5]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Patalene olyzonaria
Juniper Geometer Moth
MONA_number: 6974.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S5...
Glena plumosaria
Dainty Gray Moth
MONA_number: 6452.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S4...
Herpetogramma aeglealis
Serpentine Webworm Moth
MONA_number: 5280.00
One of 28 species in this genus that occur in North America (Solis, 2010; Handfield and Handfield, 2011), nine of which have been recorded in North CarolinaThe ground color of the forewings is light to dark brown, with a whitish patch between the orbicular and reniform but not between the reniform and the postmedian line or only partially present (Solis,......Larvae recorded on Goldenrod, Raspberry, and ferns (Solis, 2010)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Aroga trialbamaculella
Red-Striped Fireworm Moth
MONA_number: 2198.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Cherokeea attakullakulla
MONA_number: 9454.70
The sole member of this genus, which is entirely confined to the Southern Appalachians (Quinter and Sullivan, 2014). Previously considered a form or species related to the Oligia semicana complex, which has now been revised by Troubridge and Lafontaine (2002), who placed most of the group in a new genus, Neoligia. Only Neoligia crytora of that group is known to occur in North Carolina.A medium sized Noctuid, with somewhat elongated and pointed wings. The ground color of the forewings is a dull gray-brown, with the hindwings an even paler, unmarked gray. Two slightly different forms...All of our records for this species come from sites supporting populations of Hill Cane (Arundinaria appalachiana) (Quinter and Sullivan, 2014). Unlike the more widespread River Cane (A. gigantea) and...Probably monophagous on Hill Cane (Arundinaria appalachiana) (Quinter and Sullivan, 2014)....Appears to come fairly well to blacklights. Like other cane-feeding moths, it may be easier to find by direct searching in canebrakes at night, for both larvae and adults (Quinter and Sullivan, 2014)....Listed as Significantly Rare by the Natural Heritage Program. That designation, however, does not confer any legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G2? S2This species has a very small global range and probably merits a Global Rank of at least G2G3. All known populations are associated with Hill Cane, a species that itself has a small global range and h...
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Crocidophora pustuliferalis
MONA_number: 4943.00
...Canebrakes...Larvae feed on cane (Arundinaria sp.)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S3S4]...
Herpetogramma sphingealis
MONA_number: 5279.10
One of 28 species in this genus that occur in North America (Solis, 2010; Handfield and Handfield, 2011), nine of which have been recorded in North Carolina......Larvae feed on Christmas Fern (J.B. Sullivan, pers. obs.)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Herpetogramma theseusalis
Herpetogramma Moth
MONA_number: 5279.00
One of 28 species in this genus that occur in North America (Solis, 2010; Handfield and Handfield, 2011), nine of which have been recorded in North CarolinaThe ground color of the forewing is yellowish-brown, without a white patch between the orbicular and reniform spots and without a contrasting dark marginal shade (Solis, 2010);. The antemedian, postme......Ferns, including Thelypteris palustris (Forbes, 1923; Solis, 2010), and Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (J.B. Sullivan, pers. obs.)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Dichomeris flavocostella
Cream-edged Dichomeris Moth
MONA_number: 2295.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Phalaenostola larentioides
Black-banded Owlet Moth
MONA_number: 8364.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....