Moths of North Carolina
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Caloptilia flavella
MONA_number: 604.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described in North America north of Mexico. The larvae begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders, but the latter instars usually exit the mines and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe.As described by Ely (1915), the face and labial palps are pale yellowish, while the crown and thorax are straw colored with purplish iridescence. The antennae are yellowish gray and annulated with bro...Caloptilia flavella is found in association with bayberries and wax-myrtles, which are the host plants. These generally grow in wet to moist coastal habitats such as pocosins, wet savannas, se...This species is a specialist on species of Morella. The known hosts include Pocosin Bayberry (M. caroliniensis) and Common Wax-myrtle (M. cerifera)....Adults occasionally come to lights. Efforts need to be made in North Carolina to search the host plants during June for mines or leaf rolls and rear the adults. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Caloptilia violacella
MONA_number: 644.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described in North America north of Mexico. The larvae begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders, but the latter instars usually exit the mines and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe.The ground color of the head, upper thorax, and forewing is light bronze brown to pale violet brown. An extensive area of yellowish wash occur from the base of the forewing to near the apex on the cos......This species specializes on members of the Phaseoleae clade of legumes. Species of Desmodium appear to be the primary hosts, including D. paniculatum, D. perplexum, and D. rot...Adults are attracted to UV lights. Searching for the tentiform mines on host plants is an effective way to document new locality records. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Caloptilia superbifrontella
MONA_number: 641.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described in North America north of Mexico. The larvae begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders, but the latter instars usually exit the mines and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe.The upper head and forewings have a light reddish-violet ground color. The remainder of the forewing consists of a pale yellow streak on the inner margin at the base, and a conspicuous pale yellow cos...Adults oviposit on Witch Hazel, which occurs statewide in a variety of forested settings that range from moderately dry to mesic conditions. Examples include oak-hickory forests, mesic mixed hardwood...Larvae feed on Witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana). Tracy Feldman found mines that resemble those of this species on Coastal Witch-alder (Fothergilla gardenii) in North Carolina (Eiseman,...Adults are attracted to UV-lights. Local population can be easily documented by searching for leaf rolls of Witch-hazel and Fothergilla. This is the only leaf-rolling species that feeds on the...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Caloptilia serotinella
MONA_number: 637.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described in North America north of Mexico. The larvae begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders, but the latter instars usually exit the mines and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe.The adults are readily identifiable by the dark brown to purplish-brown forewing that is boldly mottled with white. A large white costal patch with a dark center is usually evident just before the mid...In North Carolina, C. serotinella appears to be restricted to the Blue Ridge where it feeds on Prunus serotina, and perhaps other Prunus species at higher elevations. However, in...The host plants are poorly documented. Although Black Cherry (Prunus serotina) is the only known host for this species (Robinson et al., 2010), it may use other Prunus species in the NC...The adults are attracted to UV lights. Data on the host plants is needed, and searches for folded leaf tips on Prunus species such as P. pensylvanica could produce new host data. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Caloptilia rhoifoliella
Sumac Leafblotch Miner Moth
MONA_number: 630.00
Caloptilia is a large genus with nearly 300 described species; 64 species have been described in North America north of Mexico. The larvae begin as leaf-mining sap-feeders, but the latter instars usually exit the mine and feed within a conical roll that begins at the leaf apex or at the tip of a leaf lobe.In this species, the upper head, thorax and forewings are light to dark brown, and often have a yellowish tinge. The area near the costa is often lighter than the ground color above, and in many speci...The host plants include our native sumacs, which are typically found in open, dry woods or disturbed sites such as clearings, old fields, and roadsides. The larvae also feed on Poison Ivy and Poison ...C. rhoifoliella specializes on species of Sumac (Rhus) and Poison Ivy and Poison Oak (Toxicodendron). The known hosts including Fragrant Sumac (R. aromatica), Winged Sumac...The adults are attracted to UV lights, and the larvae can be documented by searching for leaf mines and shelters on the host species. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Ancylis fuscociliana
MONA_number: 3369.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Olethreutes permundana
Raspberry Leafroller Moth
MONA_number: 2817.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Rheumaptera prunivorata
Ferguson's Scallop Shell Moth
MONA_number: 7292.00
......Larvae feed on Black Cherry (Wagner, 2005)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4...
Olethreutes nitidana
MONA_number: 2775.00
............
Acrolophus arcanella
Grass Tubeworm Moth
MONA_number: 340.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Carmenta bassiformis
Ironweed Clearwing Moth
MONA_number: 2596.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Synanthedon fatifera
Lesser Viburnum Clearwing Moth
MONA_number: 2555.00
............
Acrolophus propinquus
Walsingham's Grass Tubeworm Moth
MONA_number: 374.00
Varies widely in size and color, with several forms having been described that were later recognized to be synonyms (Hasbrouck, 1964). Most forms are fairly plain, lacking conspicuous spots or streaks............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Cochylis hoffmanana
Hoffman's Cochlid Moth
MONA_number: 3776.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Chionodes continuella
Spring Oak Leafroller Moth
MONA_number: 2069.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Clepsis virescana
MONA_number: 3689.00
Ground color is olivaceous (Forbes, 1923). The costal edge is brown in the females and not striated as it is in peritana.............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Ancylis semiovana
MONA_number: 3361.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Dichomeris ventrella
MONA_number: 2287.00
............
Zale metata
MONA_number: 8708.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaBelongs to a group of pine-feeding Zales, all of which possess a sharp, outward-pointing tooth on the antemedian line where the radial vein crosses. Metata is a light brown member of this group, clos...Scrub Pine typically grows on dry upland sites, including old fields (Weakley, 2012); it is also common on badly eroded sites or other areas with severe soil disturbance. Our records come primarily fr...Essentially monophagous, feeding only on Scrub Pine (Pinus virginiana) in our area (Forbes, 1954; Wagner et al., 2011)...May come poorly to lights, which could explain the scarcity of records for what should be a fairly common species. Probably comes well to bait, like other members of this genus....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [SU]Although seemingly an uncommon species in North Carolina, too little is known about the distribution and habitat affinities of metata to estimate its conservation needs....
Paralobesia piceana
MONA_number: 2721.00
............
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Hellinsia linus
MONA_number: 6195.00
............
Lipocosma adelalis
MONA_number: 4883.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Synanthedon acerrubri
Maple Clearwing Moth
MONA_number: 2546.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Idaea bonifata
MONA_number: 7102.00
One of thirty species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016). Thirteen have been recorded in North Carolina.A small (one of the smallest Geometrids) yellowish to tan Wave. The face is black and strongly contrasting with the buff-colored inter-antennal ridge. The ground color of the forewings is buff and is ...Habitat at one of the confirmed sites for this species in North Carolina consists of a dry cedar glade on a mafic rock formation....Larvae feed on dried flowers and are often pests in herbaria...Comes to lights, at least to some extent...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.[GNR SU]We have too few records to determine the distribution, abundance, host plants, or habitat affinities for this species in North Carolina. More such information is needed in order to assess its conserva...
Catocala mira
Wonderful Underwing
MONA_number: 8863.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Included by Barnes and McDunnough (1918) in their Group XVII (also adopted by Forbes, 1954), which feed mainly on members of the Rosaceae; 12 other members of this group (as redefined by Kons and Borth, 2015b) also occur in North Carolina.A medium-sized Underwing, with medium gray forewings and orange hindwings that have heavy black bands. The median area of the forewing is bluish-gray with a pale band extending obliquely along the out...Our records from the Coastal Plain come from riparian habitats associated with brownwater river. Some of our Mountain records come from high ridges. ...Larvae feed mainly on Hawthorn but have also been reported on Crabapple and Plum (Wagner et al., 2011)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
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Dichomeris fistuca
MONA_number: 2295.10
............
Dichomeris kimballi
MONA_number: 2310.10
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Anopina ednana
MONA_number: 3584.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Filatima pseudacaciella
Dusky-backed Filatima Moth
MONA_number: 2169.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Eucosma sombreana
MONA_number: 3127.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Aphomia fulminalis
MONA_number: 5630.10
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pseudopostega quadristrigella
Gooseberry Barkminer Moth
MONA_number: 122.00
...Recorded at Highlands and Balsam, with both possibly from high elevations...Larvae feed on Ribes (Robinson et al., 2008)......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Zale phaeocapna
Phaeocapna Zale
MONA_number: 8698.00
One of 39 species in this genus that occur north of Mexico, 23 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaAdults are grayish to reddish brown and generally resemble Z. galbanata in size and pattern. However, they lack a marginal bar located at the middle of the outer margin, often found in both galbanata...Our records almost all come from rich, mesic habitats, primarily brownwater river floodplains and Wet Marl Forests in the Coastal Plain....Oligophagous, feeding on a few species of shrubs in a couple of different families. McCabe (1987) reared larvae obtained from eggs laid by a wild-caught female on Hazels, both Corylus americana and C...Appears to come moderately well to blacklights, with up to seven having been collected in a single trap. Probably also comes well to bait, as is true for Zales in general....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S3S4]Uncommon and fairly specialized in terms of habitats, apparently less common than its host plants would indicate. ...
Acrobasis stigmella
MONA_number: 5669.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Caryocolum pullatella
MONA_number: 2042.00
One of six species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016), only this one of which has been recorded in North CarolinaA very small moth with narrow wings held flat at rest, forming a long rectangle. Head and thorax are brown, but the face is whitish. The forewing pattern and color are highly variable but the ground c...The habitats are not recorded for the sites where this species has been recorded in North Carolina....Unknown but members of the marmoreum group feed members of the Caryophyllaceae, including Cerastium and Silene (Huemer, 1988)...Comes to lights to some extent...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [SU]We presently have few records for this Holarctic species in North Carolina. More information is needed on its distribution, host plants, and habitat affinities in North Carolina before we can assess i...
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Acleris nigrolinea
MONA_number: 3556.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Symmerista leucitys
Orange-humped Mapleworm Moth
MONA_number: 7953.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Phalonidia lepidana
MONA_number: 3807.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Chionodes sevir
MONA_number: 2115.10
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Cochylis hospes
MONA_number: 3777.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Aethes patricia
MONA_number: 3759.00
............
Pococera maritimalis
MONA_number: 5603.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Peridea basitriens
Oval-Based Prominent
MONA_number: 7919.00
......Larvae are reported on Sugar Maple and related species. In the Piedmont, Southern Sugar Maple is probably a primary host.......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4...
Heterocampa subrotata
Small Heterocampa
MONA_number: 7985.00
One of 21 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010), seven of which have been recorded in North Carolina.......Larvae feed on Hackberries......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4G5 S3S4...
Acronicta vinnula
Delightful Dagger
MONA_number: 9225.00
One of 76 species in this genus found in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2011, 2015), 44 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Vinnula is a member of Species Group II of Forbes (1954), which includes 17 additional species in North Carolina.......Larvae feed on elms......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4...
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Acronicta rubricoma
Ruddy Dagger
MONA_number: 9199.00
One of 76 species in this genus found in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2011, 2015), 44 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Rubricoma belongs to Forbes's Group I, which in North Carolina also includes americana, hastulifera, dactylina, and lepusculina.A medium-large Dagger with pale gray to darker brownish-gray forewings. The antemedian and postmedian are double, with a white filling. The antemedian is strongly looped, with particularly long loops ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S3S4...
Pyreferra pettiti
Pettit's Sallow
MONA_number: 9932.00
A medium-sized, orange Noctuid. The antemedian, median, and postmedian lines are all brown and fairly straight; the antemedian is lined with lined or filled with clear yellow and the postmedian is fol......Monophagous, feeding on Hop-hornbeam (Ostyra virginiana). Reports of the use of birch (e.g., Forbes, 1954) are probably in error; larvae reared by Tim McCabe and Dale Schweitzer refused birch (Wagner......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S3S4...
Ellida caniplaga
Linden Prominent
MONA_number: 7930.00
......Larvae feed on Basswood......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 S4...
Ancylis muricana
Red-headed Ancylis Moth
MONA_number: 3377.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Tetracis cachexiata
White Slant-Line Moth
MONA_number: 6964.00
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America (Ferris and Schmidt, 2010), two of which are found in North Carolina.Both species of Tetracis that occur in North Carolina are moderately large, pale species, angular-winged Geometrids with a single straight line (postmedian) crossing their forewings from inner margin ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....