Moths of North Carolina
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Catocala serena
Serene Underwing
MONA_number: 8779.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Included by Barnes and McDunnough (1918) in their Group V (also adopted by Forbes, 1954). This groups comprises 10 species, all of which feed on Hickories or Walnuts (Juglandaciae). In addition to serena, other members of this group that occur in North Carolina include habilis, robinsonii, judith, flebilis, angusi, obscura, residua, and sappho.A medium-large, dull gray Underwing with black and orange-banded hindwings. The head and thorax are dull brownish gray, contrasting with the darker brown collar. The ground color of the forewings is a...Our records come from several types of rich hardwood forests, including Rich Coves, Montane Alluvial Forests, and the Rich Subtype of Northern Hardwoods....Stenophagous, feeding on Shagbark Hickory (Wagner et al., 2011); Sargent (1976) speculated that Walnut might also be used...All of our records come from blacklights, in some cases augmented by blacklight spotlights. Like most Underwings, it probably also comes well to bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S3S4]This species has a somewhat restricted range in North Carolina and is moderately specizalized in terms of its habitat preferences. However, the habitats used by this species are still widespread in th...
Sunira bicolorago
Bicolored Sallow
MONA_number: 9957.00
A genus of three North American species, one of which has been taken in North Carolina. There are scattered eastern records for S. verberata, a western species, which resembles S. bicolorago but has a pronounced, darkened reniform spot.Adults are usually easy to recognize by color, size and time of flight. However, the species can be quite variable and its flight period overlaps briefly with Anathix ralla, which is similar in size ...Our records come primarily from hardwood-dominated forests, ranging from floodplains and lakeshores, to mesic slopes and dry summits. Almost none come from Longleaf Pine habitats, except where located...Although the larvae have been found on many plants, red maple is a favorite. In the early spring look for young larvae on emerging red maple buds. Older larvae are very difficult to locate and are k...Adults swarm to bait and are also attracted to light....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]This species is widespread in North Carolina, occupies an extensive range of habitats, and feeds on common and/or ubiquitous host plants; it appears to be quite secure within the state....
Papaipema eupatorii
Eupatorium Borer
MONA_number: 9501.00
One of 44 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 30 of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pyreferra pettiti
Pettit's Sallow
MONA_number: 9932.00
A medium-sized, orange Noctuid. The antemedian, median, and postmedian lines are all brown and fairly straight; the antemedian is lined with lined or filled with clear yellow and the postmedian is fol......Monophagous, feeding on Hop-hornbeam (Ostyra virginiana). Reports of the use of birch (e.g., Forbes, 1954) are probably in error; larvae reared by Tim McCabe and Dale Schweitzer refused birch (Wagner......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Thysania zenobia
Owl Moth
MONA_number: 8647.00
...............
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Acrolophus morus
MONA_number: 367.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Spodoptera dolichos
Dolichos Armyworm Moth
MONA_number: 9671.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Catocala habilis
Habilis Underwing
MONA_number: 8778.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Included by Barnes and McDunnough (1918) in their Group V (also adopted by Forbes, 1954). This groups comprises 10 species, all of which feed on Hickories or Walnuts (Juglandaciae). In addition to habilis, other members of this group that occur in North Carolina include serena, robinsonii, judith, flebilis, angusi, obscura, residua, and sappho.A medium-large, pale gray Underwing with black and orange-banded hindwings. The head, thorax, and the ground color of the forewings is pale gray; the wings are dusted with somewhat darker gray or with...Our records come primarily from rich, mesic stands of hardwoods, including montane riparian forests, cove forests, and northern hardwoods. Occurs at elevations both above and below 4,000'....Stenophagous, feeding primarily on Hickories and particularly on Shagbark (Wagner et al., 2011). Sargent (1976) also mentions Walnut as a host plant....Appears to come well to lights. As with other Catocala, probably also comes well to bait...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S4?]This species has a moderately restricted range in North Carolina, where it occupies a somewhat specialized but still widespread type of habitat. Currently, it appears to be secure within the state....
Cydia toreuta
Eastern Pine Seedworm Moth
MONA_number: 3486.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Eusarca fundaria
Dark-edged Eusarca Moth
MONA_number: 6933.00
One of sixteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Pohl et al., 2016), three of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Machimia tentoriferella
Gold-striped Leaftier Moth
MONA_number: 951.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pleuroptya silicalis
Herbivorous Pleuroptya Moth
MONA_number: 5243.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Parahypenodes quadralis
Masked Parahypenodes Moth
MONA_number: 8430.00
The sole member of this genus (Forbes, 1954; Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010); restricted to eastern North America.A small, pale grayish Erebid. The most conspicuous marking is a large, squarish blotch in the outer part of the cell (Forbes, 1954). The antemedian, postmedian, subterminal, and terminal lines are all...In Dare County, this species was found in a stand of Maritime Swamp Forest. In Cherokee County, the specimen was collected in a forested seep. The habitats for the remainder of the records are unknown...Not recorded...All of our records come from blacklights but it is unknown how well they actually come to lights in general. BugGuide reports that they also come to bait, but again it is unknown how well....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 S1S2This species has long been considered rare (Forbes, 1954), with just scattered records known from most of its range. It may be somewhat of a wetland specialist, but its host plants and range of utiliz...
Spinitibia hodgesi
MONA_number: 1134.10
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Anomis erosa
Yellow Scallop Moth
MONA_number: 8545.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Diacme elealis
Paler Diacme Moth
MONA_number: 5142.00
According to Forbes (1923), who had apparently seen only a few D. elealis (=Sameodes elealis), the costa is mostly yellow rather than mostly gray-brown as in adipaloides and the males possess a dark d............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Epimecis hortaria
Tulip-tree Beauty Moth
MONA_number: 6599.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Herpetogramma bipunctalis
Southern Beet Webworm Moth
MONA_number: 5272.00
One of 28 species in this genus that occur in North America (Solis, 2010; Handfield and Handfield, 2011), nine of which have been recorded in North CarolinaThe ground color of the forewings is pale brown, with a darker marginal shade immediately following the postmedian line (Solis, 2010). The antemedian and postmedian lines are dark and contrasting, as ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Nepytia canosaria
False Hemlock Looper
MONA_number: 6906.00
The ground color of this species is white, but it may be heavily dusted with gray (Forbes, 1948). The antemedian and postmedian lines are dark and strongly scalloped; in dark individuals, the lines ar............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Cyclophora packardi
Packard's Wave Moth
MONA_number: 7136.00
The ground color of the wings is buff, dusted with brown or red; the discal spot is white, surrounded by a heavy black border (Forbes, 1948). ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Cyclophora myrtaria
Waxmyrtle Wave Moth
MONA_number: 7137.00
Dorsal surface of the wings is fawn brown; the undersurface is "pale reddish cinereous" (Walker,1862, as Ephyra ignotaria). In packardi, the upper surface is yellowish-brown, often with a wash of redd............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Decodes basiplagana
MONA_number: 3573.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Metaxaglaea inulta
Unsated Sallow
MONA_number: 9943.00
One of five species in this genus that occur in North America, all of which have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-large Noctuid. Similar in size to other Metaxaglaea and also in possessing loose reddish hair on the thorax but only a low crest, if any. Easily distinguished from other Metaxaglaea and the ...Most of our records come from fairly low-lying areas, including riparian forests and lakeshores, where Viburnum dentatum and prunifolium are the two most common species of likely host plants. We also ...Stenophagous, feeding on Viburnums (Forbes, 1954; Schweitzer, 1979; Wagner et al., 2011). Wagner et al. state that Southern Wild Raisin, V. nudum is used especially. However, we have few records for...Comes well to both blacklights and bait....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S4]This species is somewhat specialized in terms of both host plants and habitats, and in some areas it may have declined due to over-browsing of its host plants by deer. The scarcity of records in North...
Diathrausta reconditalis
Recondite Webworm Moth
MONA_number: 5174.00
Similar to Diathrausta harlequinalis but usually with the postmedian obsolescent and lacking the bright orange tints characteristic of harlequinalis (Munroe, 1956). The spot in the cell is also much ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Arta olivalis
Olive Arta Moth
MONA_number: 5568.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Condylolomia participalis
Drab Condylolomia Moth
MONA_number: 5571.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Papaipema furcata
Ash Tip Borer Moth
MONA_number: 9495.00
One of 44 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 30 of which have been recorded in North Carolina............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR SU...
Noctua pronuba
Large Yellow Underwing
MONA_number: 11003.10
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Podosesia aureocincta
Banded Ash Clearwing Moth
MONA_number: 2588.00
...............
Eoreuma densella
Wainscot Grass-veneer Moth
MONA_number: 5492.00
A small, pale yellowish-brown Crambid. The veins are white, with the interspaces having a central yellow line bounded by brown streaks; streaks opposite the cell and in the fold are particularly dark ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Xubida panalope
MONA_number: 5500.00
A small, cream-colored Crambid. The veins are marked with fine dark lines, with heavier dark streaks in the interspaces (Forbes, 1923); the line opposite the cell is faint, however, compared to those ............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Carmenta pyralidiformis
Boneset Borer Moth
MONA_number: 2608.00
...............
Acleris subnivana
MONA_number: 3517.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Amorpha juglandis
Walnut Sphinx
MONA_number: 7827.00
A monotypic genus, this species has been associated with the genus Laothoe since Hodges misplaced it there in 1971 (see Tuttle (2007) for a discussion of this misplacement. Adult pattern variable but largely a medium sized light brown species with scalloped wing margins and a strongly slanting postmedian that coverges towards the antemedian at the inner margin. Sexes ar...Occurs in a wide range of mesic to dry habitats dominated by hardwoods, including Deciduous Maritime Forests on the Outer Banks to Cove Forests and Northern Hardwoods in the Mountains. In between, it...Walnut and hickories (Juglandaceae) but also reported to feed on two members of the Betualceae, Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) and Hop Horbneam (Ostrya virginiana), in the northern part of its range ...Like other members of this subfamily (Smerinthinae) adults visit lights but not flowers nor bait. Most of our records come from 15 watt UV lights, usualy as single individuals but rarely in multiples....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S5]Given its wide distribution in the state, use of a variety of forest habitats and common host plants, this species appears to be secure. If anything, this species appears to be more common than it wa...
Evergestis pallidata
Purple-backed Cabbageworm Moth
MONA_number: 4897.00
.........Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
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Lophocampa caryae
Hickory Tussock Moth
MONA_number: 8211.00
One of eleven species in this genus that occurs in North America (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010), only two of which have been recorded in North CarolinaSimilar in size and wing shape to Halysidota sp., Leucanopsis longa, and Lophocampa maculata. Differs from all of them in having a much more constrasting pattern of translucent white or cream spots r...Our records all come from hardwood forests, including riparian areas (e.g., New River State Park) and high ridges and summits. ...Polyphagous, feeding on many species of trees and shrubs although preferring members of the Juglandaceae: Hickories, Pecan, and walnut (Wagner, 2005)...Appears to come moderately well to blacklights, usually in small numbers but with up to 20 being recorded on one occasion...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S4]Restricted to the Mountains but is associated with fairly common hardwood habitats. May be affected by global climate change but seems likely to persist within the state....
Disclisioprocta stellata
Somber Carpet Moth
MONA_number: 7417.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Feltia jaculifera
Dingy Cutworm Moth
MONA_number: 10670.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Ledaea perditalis
Lost Owlet Moth
MONA_number: 8491.00
Three species comprise this genus, two from Central America and one from the US and Canada that occurs throughout most of North Carolina.A medium-sized, tan Erebid with a strong, dark postmedian that runs diagonally from near the apex to the middle of the inner margin. Adults hold their wings to form a triangle much like many herminin...Virtually all of our records come from shallow impoundments, including beaver ponds, floodplain sloughs, depression ponds, open swamps, lakeshores, and coastal freshwater marshes, all habitats occupie...Monophagous, feeding solely on Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)...Adults come to light and we have seen one at bait. Their response to flowers is unknown and someone should check the flowers at night to see if adults are as attracted to Buttonbush as are many other...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S4]Although highly specialized in terms of host plants, Ledaea occurs across most of the state and is associated with a wide range of common freshwater habitats, including artificial ponds, reservoirs, a...
Laetilia coccidivora
Scale-feeding Snout Moth
MONA_number: 5949.00
"I would dissect these to confirm" (Scholtens, 2017)............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Rusicada privata
Hibiscus-leaf Caterpillar Moth
MONA_number: 8547.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Agrotis venerabilis
Venerable Dart Moth
MONA_number: 10651.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Cirrhophanus triangulifer
Goldenrod Stowaway Moth
MONA_number: 9766.00
A New World genus of some 13 very similar species found from Mexico through the United States and barely into Canada. One species occurs in North Carolina.A lovely species, whose pattern of orange or caramel streaks on a golden-yellow ground color distinguishes it from other golden-yellow moths, including Basilodes pepita, Stiria rugirfrons, and Argyrog...Our records come mainly from wet, open areas, including old fields, powerlines, borrow pits, and lakeshores, all habitats where Bidens are common. We have few, if any, records from Longleaf Pine savan...Beggar ticks (Bidens sp.), with Midwestern Tickseed-sunflower (Bidens aristosa) commonly reported (Wagner et al., 2011). The range of species is not known, nor are the exact species used in North Car...Attracted to light but the moth has few records in the state and one wonders if perhaps it is only weakly attracted. Not recorded from nor expected at bait. Although it is not known if adults use nec...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G4 [SU]For such a distinct moth, we have surprisingly few records, possibly reflecting a low tendency to come to lights. Host plants and habitats do not appear to be limiting factors, but more data are need...
Papaipema cerina
Golden Borer
MONA_number: 9464.00
One of 44 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010, 2015), 30 of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA medium-large Papaipema. The ground color of the forewings is a bright sunflower yellow, with dark brown shading in the antemedian and subterminal areas, as well as forming the outlines of the spots....Recorded in Rich Cove Forests between 2,950 and 3,800 ft. in elevation. Botanical surveys conducted in the vicinity of one of the trapping sites have documented the presence of Bottlebrush Grass, Maya...Young larvae feed on Bottlebrush Grass (Elymus hystrix), switching later to Lilies, Mayapple, or Starry Campion (Schweitzer et al., 2011)....Reported to come well to blacklights (Schweitzer et al., 2011)...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G2G4 [S1S2]The range of this species is concentrated in the Great Lakes States. Prior to its discovery in Ashe County, it had apparently not been found south of Pennsylvania or northern New Jersey. Like several ...
Macronoctua onusta
Iris Borer
MONA_number: 9452.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatfoodobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Leptostales pannaria
Pannaria Wave Moth
MONA_number: 7173.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Catocala amatrix
Sweetheart Underwing
MONA_number: 8834.00
One of 103 species in this genus that occur in North America (Gall and Hawks, 2010; Kons and Borth, 2015a,b), 67 of which have been recorded in North Carolina.A large underwing moth. Fore-wings have a flat yellowish or grayish-brown ground color but with a pale gray sheen that is more or less evident depending on the lighting and angle of view. The typica............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Leucania ursula
Ursula Wainscot Moth
MONA_number: 10461.00
One of 30 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010; Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2015), 16 of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Previously included in Subfamily Hadeninae but moved to the much expanded Noctuinae by Lafontaine and Schmidt. They also included it in Tribe Leucaniini along with Mythimna. Additionally, Forbes (1936) grouped ursula with L. inermis, pseudargyria, calidior -- all found in North Carolina -- and the Floridian pilipalpis in the Pseudargyria Complex.A medium-large Wainscot. The forewings are a a pale luteous, with darker gray areas located between the orbicular and reniform, before the orbicular, and in a triangular area located in the lower half............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Pyrrhia cilisca
Bordered Sallow
MONA_number: 11063.00
............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....
Elophila tinealis
MONA_number: 4754.00
"Females of tinealis and males of obliteralis can be confused. Need to know size and sex" (Scholtens, 2017)............Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands....