Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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Cicadellidae Members: NC Records

Scaphoideus titanus - Vine Leafhopper



© Kyle Kittelberger

© Kyle Kittelberger
Taxonomy
Family: CicadellidaeSubfamily: Deltocephalinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A brown species, with a white crown that has a thin but bold brown marginal line; there is an orange-brown transverse { shaped bar between the eyes, with the orange color fading into cream towards the posterior edge of the head. The face is brown with a bold brown line(s) below the crown margin. The pronotum is mostly orange-brown, with a central white cruciate mark. The scutellum is bicolored, with the anterior half a brownish orange color and the posterior half a yellowish-white. The wings are a mixture of brown and golden yellow, with dark brown tips and some scattered white spots; the wing venation is dark brown. Males have yellowish valve and genital plates. The female pregenital sternite is white with a posterior dark brown medial area; the margins of this sternite are relatively straight. Adult males are 4.7-5.0 mm long, while females are 5.2-6.0 mm. (Barnett 1976). Nymphs have a somewhat distinctive color pattern, being mostly bicolored with alternating white and brown. See here for images of nymphs: 1, 2.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Found throughout much of the United States and Canada; introduced in Europe
Abundance: Only recorded from a single county in the Coastal Plain; probably under collected and more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Open woodlands and herbaceous vegetation
Plant Associates: Common on grapes (Vitis spp.); also reported from American elm, winged elm, golden rod, cane, Cretagus, Polygonium, Salix, Juniperus virginiana, Onoclea sinsibilis, etc. (Barnett 1976)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: This species is reported as a vector of 'Flavescence dorée', or golden flavescence, a serious disease of grapevine. (Barnett 1976)
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Scaphoideus titanus Vine Leafhopper

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Beaufort Co.
Comment: NCSU specimen
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Beaufort Co.
Comment: NCSU specimen