Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Planicephalus flavicosta_flavocostatus complex - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger

© Ken Childs

© Kyle Kittelberger- nymph

© Kyle Kittelberger
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: DeltocephalinaeSynonym: Deltocephalus flavicosta/flavocostatus complex
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A small dark leafhopper that is very highly variable in coloration, from pale to very dark. There is a small pale yellow border to the outer edge of the wings that ends in a short dash; another small white dash is found closer to the wingtip, and the wingtip itself has a white edge. There are several small white dots on the front of the head and behind the eyes. The legs are pale brown. P. flavocostatus is typically much darker overall than P. flavicosta, the latter of which typically has brownish wings. But the overlap between these species, and variations in the color of individuals makes it almost impossible to differentiate the two species by appearance alone. Nymphs are an overall brownish color with a black tip to the abdomen and several dark brown abdominal segments. (BG)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: A common and widespread complex. P. flavicosta is found from Canada south through the eastern United States to Argentina and into the West Indies. P. flavocostatus is a more northern species, found in the eastern United States (from the Northeast south to NC) and New Brunswick. Unfortunately for us, the two species' ranges overlap in NC. (BG)
Abundance: A common species where recorded, this species has been found across the state in all three regions.
Seasonal Occurrence
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Grassy, brushy areas
Plant Associates:
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: Due to the broad range overlap of P. flavicosta and P. flavocostatus (btho species occur in the state), and the similarity in the appearance of the two species (both essentially have identical coloration), this complex will serve to represent any individuals that are one of these two species. The only true way to distinguish the two species is based on male genitalia.

While these two species are considered by most experts to be in the genus Planicephalus, some treat it as a subgenus of Deltocephalus.

Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Planicephalus flavicosta_flavocostatus complex No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Halifax Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: open forest habitat, near mixed hardwoods; on a lawn
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Gates Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat; more likely D. flavocostatus
Photo by: Harry Wilson
Wake Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Dare Co.
Comment: open, coastal habitat near some pines
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: Deltocephalus flavocostatus- nymph [ID determined by A.Hamilton]. Found sweeping grass
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: Deltocephalus flavocostatus- nymph [ID determined by A.Hamilton]. Found sweeping grass
Photo by: R Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: Deltocephalus flavicosta/flavocostatus complex - unid_leafhopper
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 3 mm; male
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
New Hanover Co.
Comment: grassy area, near marsh; male, 3.6 mm; P. flavicosta, determined from specimen by C. Dietrich
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
New Hanover Co.
Comment: grassy area, near marsh; male, 3.6 mm; P. flavicosta, determined from specimen by C. Dietrich
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
New Hanover Co.
Comment: grassy area, near marsh; male, 3.6 mm; P. flavicosta, determined from specimen by C. Dietrich
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
New Hanover Co.
Comment: grassy area, near marsh; male, 3.6 mm; P. flavicosta, determined from specimen by C. Dietrich
Photo by: Randy Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: uv light
Photo by: Randy Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: lots of them, more a week or two ago.