Hoppers of North Carolina:
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DELPHACIDAE Members: NC Records

Pissonotus piceus - No Common Name

© John Rosenfeld

© John Rosenfeld- note wing

© John Rosenfeld- dark individual
Family: DELPHACIDAESubfamily: Delphacinae
Taxonomic Author: (Van Duzee, 1894)
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A species that widely varies in color, from dark chestnut-brown to brownish orange. The body is shiny and the frons is immaculate; it is pale ventrally and gradually becomes darker dorsally, with a dark clypeus. However, the colors of the frons can intergrade and sometimes it is completely pale. The antennal segments are yellowish. Markings on the apex of the wing and posterior margin of the pronotum may be present or absent. The key distinguishing characteristic for this species and other similar ones in the P. piceus complex is the narrow but projecting vertex. While the vertex (top of the head) usually does not extend much past the eyes in other Pissonotus, it noticeably projects past the eyes in piceus, as can be seen here. Macropterous individuals are similarly colored to brachypters, with the caudal apex of the mesonotum yellowish and wings clear. Adult brachypterous males are around 2.31 mm long, while females are around 2.98 mm; macropterous males are around 3.23 mm long while females are around 3.71 mm. (Bartlett, 2000) For more images of this species, see here.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: The second most commonly collected Pissonotus species. Found in Eastern and central North America; also Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Trinidad, and Venezuela (UDEL)
Abundance: Scattered records across the state, likely more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Wetland areas
Plant Associates: Polygonum hydropiperoides (Swamp smartweed), Polygonum sp., (Polygonaceae); Ludwigia peploides (floating primrose-willow), Ludwigia grandiflora (large-flower primrose-willow; Onagraceae). This species can be abundant on swamp smartweed and may be on some closely related smartweeds. (UDEL)
Behavior: Often encountered at lights. (UDEL)
Comment: This species has a relatively large calcar (spur on the hind leg) which is reminiscent of Megamelus, probably to assist with jumping off the surface of the water. (UDEL)
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Pissonotus piceus No Common Name

Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Comment: very dark individual