Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Erythroneura fraxa - No Common Name

© Paul Scharf- note coloration

© Kyle Kittelberger

© Ken Childs- note zigzag pattern

© Ken Childs- note pattern
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Typhlocybinae
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: This species has a bold, broad reddish-orange color pattern on its wings and body, forming somewhat of a zigzag shape. When viewed from above, the reddish zigzags surround two prominent white spots down the middle of the wings. The white patch closest to the head is circular, almost oval-shaped, whereas the white patch near the tip of the wings is diamond-shaped; in some individuals, there is a small orange spot in the middle of this diamond. The shape of these two white patches can vary among individuals. There is a noticeable diagonal black mark on the costal margin of each wing, and four black spots near the rear of the wing (forming an upside down V when viewed from above). The scutellum has bold orange lateral triangles, with a paler apex; the rest of the scutellum is white. The pronotum has three prominent vertical bars, with the center one forming a skinny "Y" and extending onto the top of the head. These head lines are parallel and run very close to one another; there is either a small white midline between the orange lines or no gap at all, resulting in a central bold line. Adults are 2.9-3.2 mm long. (Dmitriev & Dietrich, 2007)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: Central and eastern United States (3I)
Abundance: Recorded from a few counties in the upper Piedmont where it is rather uncommon. Possibly more abundant across the state in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found in mixed hardwood forest habitat.
Plant Associates: Redbud (Cercis canadensis) (3I)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night to a light.
Comment: E. fraxa is close in appearance to a number of Erythroneura species that all have similar color patterns. It is perhaps most similar to E. acuticephala. Both species have essentially the same color pattern, but in acuticephala the lines are noticeably thinner than in fraxa, which tends to have rather broad lines (especially on the wings). Additionally, the head pattern differs between the two species and can be a useful distinguishing characteristic. In fraxa, the parallel orange lines on the head are fairly close to one another, essentially forming one broad band on the hand; in acuticephala however, the lines are much thinner and more divergent from one another, with a noticeably defined white median area between the lines. See here for the profile for E. acuticephala.
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Erythroneura fraxa No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted To Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted To Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted To Light
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Photo by: Randy Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: uv light