Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Exitianus exitiosus - Gray Lawn Leafhopper



© Kyle Kittelberger- side view

© Kyle Kittelberger

© Ken Childs- nymph

© Ken Childs- nymph
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Deltocephalinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A distinctive leafhopper that is a pale brown to grayish/silver color overall. There are black spots on the head and edge of the thorax, as well as a thin brown transverse band across the head; these marks are characteristic for this species. There are also two black triangles in the upper corners of the scutellum and a third, smaller triangle between the two larger ones. The wings are clear to silvery white with distinct, contrasting brown venation. The wings also typically extend slightly past the abdomen (BG). Legs are reddish in color. Nymphs are light brown overall but show the characteristic head markings found in the adults.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: Found across North America, south to Mexico and the West Indies (BG).
Abundance: A common species, recorded across the state with a majority of records from the Piedmont and Coastal Plain.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Any grassy, field-type habitat, including forest edges.
Plant Associates: Turfgrasses, etc. This species has been taken from dozens of plants: for a large list of plants, see: DL.
Behavior: This species breeds on any available grass, then flies off to find whatever is available, always choosing the most succulent growth (BG). It can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: An invasive species, but it is considered native to Mexico and the U.S. (BG). It can be an agricultural pest, as it can transmit the diseases corn stunt spiroplasma (CSS) and maize bushy stunt phytoplasma (MBSP); these diseases are more common in southern Florida (UF).
Status: Native

Species Photo Gallery for Exitianus exitiosus Gray Lawn Leafhopper

Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Common while sweeping short cut grass. Also attracted to Black Lights
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Common while sweeping short cut grass. Also attracted to Black Lights
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy, field-type habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy, field-type habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy, field-type habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy, field-type habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: grass habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment: nymph
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment: nymph
Photo by: T. DeSantis
Camden Co.
Comment: DISW
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Open area near woods. Attracted to black light.
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Open area near woods. Attracted to black light.
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 4.3mm
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 4.3mm
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 5mm, female, swept from grass of athletic field
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 5mm, female, swept from grass of athletic field
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 5mm, female, swept from grass of athletic field
Photo by: Randy Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: uv light - unid_leafhopper
Photo by: Randy Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: uv light - unid_leafhopper