Orthoptera of North Carolina
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Arphia granulata
Southern Yellow-winged Locust
checklist_number: 76.0
One of eleven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA stocky, medium-sized Band-winged Locust. The color of the body and tegmina ranges from yellow-brown to sooty gray, with a pale yellow stripe on the posterior, dorsal surface of the tegmina -- both t...Our records all come from Longleaf Pine habitats, primarily savannas, flatwoods but with at least one historic record from the Fall-line Sandhills. In Florida, it also occurs in open pine woodlands (R...Probably feeds mainly on grasses...Found by flushing individuals by walking through their habitats...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 S2S3This species appears to be more of a habitat specialist than our other two species of Arphia and has a far more restricted range within the state. Although we have conducted fairly extensive sampling ...
Melanoplus divergens
Divergent Melanoplus
checklist_number: 41.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Placed in the Mancus Species Group by Hebard (1937), which in North Carolina also includes serrulatus (celatus was included in this group by Hebard and sylvestris by Blatchley, neither is included by Cigliano et al.).A small, short-winged (flightless) Melanoplus. Like other members of the Mancus Group, divergens is dark reddish brown above and yellowish below, with a dark post-ocular stripe, dark patches on the ab...Morse (1904) collected 33 specimens in blueberry thickets and other low shrubbery in deciduous forests and clearings at 5'000-6,000'....Undescribed...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG2G3->[GH] SHThis species is a near endemic to the high mountains of North Carolina (the only site recorded outside North Carolina is Rabun Bald in Georgia). All of our records are historic, with the most recent ...
Mermiria intertexta
Intertexta Mermiria
checklist_number: 14.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018); three species have been recorded in North CarolinaA medium-large, yellow-green and brown striped, Slantfaced Grasshopper. The dorsal surface of the head and pronotum have a strong dark band, continued as a fuscous streak along the middle of the dorsa...Associated with tall grasses in marshy or boggy habitats; also found in maritime scrub (Rehn, cited by Otte, 1981). Most of our records come from freshwater marshes in the Cape Fear River estuary, but...Probably feeds primarily on graminoids...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4? S2S3->[S3S4]Restricted to coastal marshes and scrub on barrier islands. Vulnerable to some extent due to coastal development and possibly to the effects of sea level rise and saltwater intrusion. More information...
Melanoplus similis
Similar Green-legged Melanoplus
checklist_number: 65.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus similis is a member of the Viridpes species group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes acrophilus, pachycercus, deceptus, cherokee, hubbelli, and eurycercus.A small, short-winged (flightless) grasshopper. The body is mainly brown or gray dorsally with a wide shining black stripe extending from the back of the eye along the sides of the pronotum; the lower...As described by Otte (2002), habitats include both dry and mesic forests composed of oaks and pines. Elevations where the species has been observed range from 800 to 3,000 ft (Otte, 2002)....Undescribed...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 SHMore broadly distributed than some of the other species in the Viridipes group, ranging from New York State west to the Ohio Valley and south to Tennessee and the Southern Appalachians. North Carolina...
Melanoplus pachycercus
Thick Cercused Green-legged Melanoplus
checklist_number: 55.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus pachycercus is a member of the Viridpes species group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes acrophilus, eurycercus, deceptus, cherokee, hubbelli, and similis.A small, contrastingly patterned, green-legged Melanoplus. Males are similar to other strongly-marked species in this group, including eurycercus, deceptus, acrophilus, and cherokee, all of which are ...Otte (2002) describes the habitat as consisting of "margins of woods, sunny openings in woods and grassy mountain balds."...Undescribed...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG2G3 S1S2The global range of Melanoplus pachycercus is confined to the Southern Appalachians, where it has been recorded as far north as Mountain Lake in Virginia and as far south as Franklin in North Carolina...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Melanoplus deceptus
Deceptive Melanoplus
checklist_number: 36.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus deceptus is a member of the Viridpes species group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes acrophilus, pachycercus, eurycercus, cherokee, hubbelli, and similis.A small, contrastingly patterned, green-legged Melanoplus. Males are similar to other strongly-marked species in this group, including eurycercus, pachycercus, acrophilus, and cherokee, all of which a...Mountain slopes and summits; probably in wood margins and openings (Otte, 2002)...Undescribed...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG2G4 S2S3This species appears to be more widespread and more frequently collected than other members of this group in North Carolina. Nonetheless, it appears to be confined to the southern Mountains -- extendi...
Melanoplus cherokee
Cherokee Melanoplus
checklist_number: 33.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus cherokee is a member of the Viridpes species group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes acrophilus, pachycercus, eurycercus, deceptus, hubbelli, and similis.A small, contrastingly patterned, green-legged Melanoplus. Males are similar to other strongly-marked species in this group, including eurycercus, pachycercus, acrophilus, and deceptus, all of which a...Otte (2002) describes the habitat as "grassy mountain tops and mountain crests, also in margins of woods and openings in woods where the sun penetrates readily."...Undescribed...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG1G3 S2?This species has a very restricted global range, recorded only from the southern mountains of North Carolina (Madison, Hayward, and Swain Counties) and Rabun Bald in northwest Georgia (Otte, 2002). As...
Melanoplus carnegiei
Carnegie's Melanoplus
checklist_number: 31.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus carnegiei is the sole member of the Carnegiei Species Group that occurs in North Carolina (Hill, 2015).A small, short-winged (flightless) grasshopper. The head, body, and tegmina are reddish- to brownish gray. A shining dark postocular stripe that extends to the second thoracic tergite -- often obscure...The habitats used in the mountains of North Carolina appear to be undescribed. Further south, carnegiei is associated with xeric sandhills...Undescribed...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGU SHThe most recent North Carolina records for this species date from the 1950s and 1960s (Hill, 2015). Unlike populations found further south, which come primarily from sandhills habitats, North Carolina...
Melanoplus celatus
Secretive Short-wing Grasshopper
checklist_number: 32.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............GU [SU]...
Melanoplus acrophilus
Peak-loving Green-legged Melanoplus
checklist_number: 26.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus acrophilus is a member of the Viridpes species group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes deceptus, pachycercus, eurycercus, cherokee, hubbelli, and similis.A small, contrastingly patterned, green-legged Melanoplus. Males are similar to other strongly-marked species in this group, including eurycercus, pachycercus, cherokee, and deceptus, all of which are...As indicated by the name acrophilus, most, if not all records, come from high elevations, from around 3,800 at Mountain Lake to over 6,000' at Roan Mountain and Mount Mitchell. Otte (2002) lists mount...Apparently not described...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG2G3 S2S3This species has a small global range: the majority of records for this species come from the mountains of North Carolina, with the range extending a short distance southward into the mountains of nor...
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Melanoplus impudicus
Immodest Spur-throat Grasshopper
checklist_number: 45.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-sized, brownish-yellow, long-winged grasshopper. The upper parts are grayish- to reddish-brown; the lower parts, including most of the abdomen, are yellow. The post-ocular dark stripe is vari...Rehn and Hebard (1916) found it in association with woodlands dominated by pines and dry oaks, including Blackjack. Blatchely (1920) describes its habitat as grassy areas within dry, open woodlands, i...Apparently not recorded...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4G5 SHThis species is generally considered sparsely distributed (Rehn and Hebard, 1916; Blatchley, 1920). Only a few records exist for North Carolina, all from prior to 1940. While it is likely that this sp...
Melanoplus decoratus
Decorated Melanoplus
checklist_number: 37.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus decoratus belongs to the Tribulus species group (Rehn and Hebard, 1916; Cigliano et al., 2017), which in North Carolina also includes tribulus and nossi (see Hill, 2014).A small, short-winged (flightless) grasshopper. The dorsal surface of the head and body is dark, reddish-brown. A shining black stripe runs from the back of the eye and extending along the sides of th...Rehn and Hebard (1916) describe decoratus as "scarce in the undergrowth of heavy chestnut forest" and found "among oak sprouts in a tangle of other plants and vines in pine woods"...Unrecorded...Probably best found by flushing adults by walking through their habitats...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGU S1S2->[SH]This species is known in North Carolina primarily (or exclusively) from historic records. However, it does not appear to be particularly specialized in terms of habitats or elevational range and is l...
Eotettix pusillus
Little Eastern Grasshopper
checklist_number: 23.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which are restricted to southeastern North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). Only pusillus has been recorded in North Carolina.Eotettix are small, short-winged (flightless) grasshoppers. Adults are yellowish-green, with a dark stripe on the sides of the thorax and a series of black blotches along the upper sides of the abdome...All of our records come from wet savannas, sandhill seeps, or the ecotones between longleaf pine communities and pocosins. All are wet-to-mesic and maintained in an open herbaceous state by frequent f......Adults and nymphs are active during the day; the red-and-black nymphs are conspicuous...Listed as Significantly Rare in North Carolina by the Natural Heritage Program. It has no legal protection, however, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G2G3 S2?This species is highly associated with wet savannas and sandhill seeps, both of which have greatly declined since Colonial settlement due to conversion to agriculture and silviculture. Since the 1950s...
Scudderia septentrionalis
Northern Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 244.0
............G3? S2S3->[S3S4]...
Melanoplus eurycercus
A Green-legged Melanoplus
checklist_number: 42.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus eurycercus is a member of the Viridpes Species Group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes acrophilus, pachycercus, cherokee, deceptus, hubbelli, and similis.A small, contrastingly patterned, green-legged Melanoplus. Males are similar to other strongly-marked species in this group, including acrophilus, pachycercus, cherokee, and deceptus, all of which are...Morgan (1920) describes this species as inhabiting mountain meadows near forests. Otte (2002) adds woods margins and openings in woods....Apparently unrecorded...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4 S1->[SH]This species reaches the southern end of its range in the North Carolina mountains (Otte, 2002), where it apparently known only from specimens collected in 1929 in the vicinity of Bakersville by D.A. ...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Mermiria bivittata
Two-striped Mermiria
checklist_number: 13.0
............G5 S2S3...
Trimerotropis saxatilis
Rock-loving Locust
checklist_number: 93.0
One of forty species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico, most of which are found in the West (Cigliano et al., 2018). Only two species have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-sized, strongly mottled Band-wing. The ground color of the head, thorax, tegmina, and legs is variable, ranging from gray, blue-green, to brown (Blatchley, 1920), or pale greenish-white in so...Strictly confined to open rock outcrops throughout its range (McNeill, 1901; Morse, 1904; Blatchley, 1920). All of our records come from such habitats, ranging in elevation from 2300 ft at Stone Mount...In a detailed study of the diet and ecological energetics of this species, Duke and Crosseley (1975) found that this species feeds primarily on a moss, Grimmia laevigata, but that lichens were only oc...Morse (1907) described this species as fairly sluggish and making only short-flights when flushed; easily captured...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG3 S2?->[S2S3]This species is known from relatively few sites in North Carolina, where it is highly restricted to very patchily distributed habitats. Although no specific threats are currently known, the habitats t...
Trimerotropis maritima
Seaside Locust
checklist_number: 92.0
One of forty species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico, most of which are found in the West (Cigliano et al., 2018). Only two species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [S4S5]...
Booneacris variegata
Variegated Wingless Locust
checklist_number: 72.0
One of four species in this genus that occur in North America (Cigliano et al., 2016) and the only one that has been recorded in North CarolinaA medium-small, completely wingless grasshopper, the only one that occurs in North Carolina. Individuals of both sexes, but males in particular, are strongly variegated with dark brown and cream, ting...Morse (1904) noted that this species "seems to be widely distributed in higher parts of the North Carolina mountains, inhabiting shrubby undergrowth and thickets of weeds and bushes". Our records rang...Food plants are not mentioned but the species has been often found up in shrubs and small trees, including conifers. Conequently, it may feed on a wide variety of vegetation....Found by flushing individuals by walking through their habitats...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 S2?Although all of our records are more than twenty years old, a number of recent photographs from North Carolina and elsewhere in the Southern Appalachians indicate that there are a number of population...
Dendrotettix zimmermanni
Zimmermann's Dendrotettix
checklist_number: 74.0
One of three species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), two of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, short-winged (flightless) Melanopline Grasshopper. Friauf describes the males as similar to those of D. australis, but lighter. A dark brown postocular stripe is present, extending along the ...This species is arboreal and appears to be strongly associated with High Elevation Northern Red Oak Forests....Strongly associated with Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra) (Friauf, 1957)...Probably best found on the ground beneath Northern Red Oaks following strong wind-storms...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGU S1?->[SH]This species appears to be both a narrow endemic and strong habitat specialist. There appear to be very few records for this species, all of which are historic. Although there is no reason to think t...
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Dendrotettix australis
Southern Dendrotettix
checklist_number: 73.0
One of three species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), two of which have been recorded in North Carolina............GU SU...
Arphia xanthoptera
Autumn Yellow-winged Locust
checklist_number: 78.0
One of eleven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), three of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G5 [S5]...
Arphia sulphurea
Spring Yellow-winged Locust
checklist_number: 77.0
One of eleven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), three of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G5 [S5]...
Allonemobius fultoni
Fulton's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 136.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A red-brown to blackish ground cricket (following Alexnder and Thomas' description of allardi). The head is brown with two to three darker stripes, which are usually not contrasting, particularly at t...Associated with wet grassy areas, including marshes, or in heavily shaded woods (Howard and Furth, 1986)...Probably omnivorous...Mostly easily detected by its song...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR SU]This species was considered rare by Howard and Furth (1986), who had collected it only at two sites in New Jersey and one in North Carolina; Walker (2017) shows only three additional sites, in Georgia...
Orchelimum erythrocephalum
Red-Headed Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 207.0
...............
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Orchelimum pulchellum
Handsome Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 212.0
...............
Oecanthus celerinictus
Fast-Calling Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 154.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, pale yellow-green tree cricket. Coloration and outward appearance are very similar to O. quadripunctatus, although the black markings on the basal segment of the antennae are distinctive: acc...Walker (1963) describes the habitat of this species as consisting of forbs and brambles growing in old fields and other open situations, often in drier habitats than other species in the nigricornis g...Omnivorous (Fulton, 1915)......[GNR][SU]...
Oecanthus quadripunctatus
Four-Spotted Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 161.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Oecanthus pini
Pine Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 160.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Oecanthus niveus
Narrow-Winged Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 159.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Oecanthus nigricornis
Black-Horned Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 158.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Oecanthus latipennis
Broad-Winged Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 157.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Oecanthus fultoni
Snowy Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 156.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Oecanthus exclamationis
Davis's Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 155.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............

checklist_number: 0.0
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sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Neocurtilla hexadactyla
Northern Mole Cricket
checklist_number: 174.0
...............
Allonemobius maculatus
Spotted Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 139.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A small, chestnut to dark brown ground cricket. The eyes of both sexes have a characteristic pale, yellowish ring around the outer side. The thorax and hind legs are spotted with piceous (glossy, blac...According to Fulton (1931), maculatus is strictly a forest species, ranging from bottomland hardwoods to stands of mesic hardwoods on slopes. Some degree of shade and the presence of hardwood leaf lit...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by song...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S4S5]This species is at least somewhat specialized in its habitat associations and the lack of hindwings probably limits its ability to disperse. Although more records are needed to determine its distribut...
Gryllus veletis
Spring Field Cricket
checklist_number: 120.0
............G5 [SU]...
Metaleptea brevicornis
Clipped-Wing Grasshopper
checklist_number: 1.0
............G5 [S5]...
Acheta domesticus
House Cricket
checklist_number: 114.0
............GNR [SNA]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Neotettix femoratus
Short-legged Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 100.0
............
Allonemobius allardi
Allard's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 135.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A red-brown to blackish ground cricket (Alexander and Thomas, 1959). The head is brown with two to three darker stripes, which are usually not contrasting, particularly at the rear of the head, but fo...Allonemobius allardi inhabits well-drained grassy and weedy habitats, including "lawns, pastures, fields, and roadsides" (Alexander and Thomas, 1959). It often occurs with A. walkeri, but tinnulus is ...Probably omnivorous...Mostly easily detected by its song, which is given both day and night. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [SU]There are still too few records for this species in North Carolina to determine its distribution and conservation status. Records from the Piedmont need to be verified based on spectrograms or, prefer...
Velarifictorus micado
Japanese Burrowing Cricket
checklist_number: 123.0
One of a large genus of Asian, African, and Australian species (Cigliano et al., 2017), with micado the single introduced species found in North America............[GNR SNA]...
Conocephalus stictomerus
Spotted-Legged Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 199.0
............[GNR S2S3]...
Schistocerca alutacea
Leather-colored Bird Locust
checklist_number: 2.0
............G5 [S4S5]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Scudderia fasciata
Treetop Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 242.0
............
Schistocerca lineata
Spotted Bird Locust
checklist_number: 5.0
............[GNR SU]...
Paratylotropidia beutenmuelleri
Beutenm├╝ller's Locust
checklist_number: 22.0
............G4 SU...
Camptonotus carolinensis
Carolina Leaf-roller
checklist_number: 190.0
............GNR [S4S5]...
Neoscapteriscus borellii
Southern Mole Cricket
checklist_number: 175.0
............