Orthoptera of North Carolina
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Amblycorypha carinata
Carinate Katydid
checklist_number: 231.0
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Amblycorypha oblongifolia
Oblong-Winged Katydid
checklist_number: 233.0
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Amblycorypha alexanderi
Clicker Round-Winged Katydid
checklist_number: 228.0
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Conocephalus aigialus
Seashore Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 191.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small green and yellow Lesser Meadow Katydid. Head, thorax, and the anterior portion of the abdomen are green, shading into bright yellow on the posterior portion of the abdomen, with the cerci also...According to Rehn and Hebard (1915), this species is restricted to beaches and tidal rivers along the Atlantic Coast, where it is found primarily in the halophytic vegetation growing along the shoreli.........[GNR] [SU]...
Microcentrum retinerve
Lesser Angle-Wing
checklist_number: 235.0
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Neoconocephalus triops
Broad-Tipped Conehead
checklist_number: 225.0
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Orchelimum erythrocephalum
Red-Headed Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 207.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [S5]...
Cycloptilum slossoni
Slosson's Scaly Cricket
checklist_number: 130.0
One of sixteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Love and Walker, 1979), four of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Slossoni belongs to the Slossoni Species Group (the Complex Chirping Scaly Crickets), which includes two additional species, neither of which occurs in North Carolina.A very small (but larger than trigonipalpum), reddish to brownish Scaly Cricket. The cuticle of the pronotum is yellowish-brown with a reddish cast; that of the abdomen is dark brown to blackish. The ...Love and Walker (1979) described this species as occurring in shrubs and low trees in woodland and scrub habitats in natural communities in the Coastal Plain, but also including ornamental plants in r...Unrecorded but probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by their songs but we have at least one record from bait...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [S4S5]This species was unknown outside the southeastern corner of North Carolina until recently. Fulton (1932) described it (as C. antillarum) as occurring along the Coast and did not include it in his list...
Conocephalus stictomerus
Spotted-Legged Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 199.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [S2S3]...
Conocephalus strictus
Straight-Lanced Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 200.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small (large for the genus), short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid with highly distinctive reproductive structures. ............GNR [S5?]...
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Conocephalus spartinae
Saltmarsh Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 198.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [SU]...
Conocephalus saltans
Prairie Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 197.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, reddish-brown to bluish-green, short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The typical form is dull reddish-brown. The face is marked with a dark stripe or blotch and a wide stripe of brown runs from...Blatchley (1920) described this species as xerophilous, associated with dry upland prairies and sandy barrens..........G5 [SU]...
Conocephalus nigropleuroides
Tidewater Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 196.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [SU]...
Conocephalus nemoralis
Woodland Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 195.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR [SU]...
Conocephalus fasciatus
Slender Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 194.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, slender, long-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The dorsal surface of the head, thorax, and abdomen are dark brown; on the abdomen, the dorsal band is bordered by pale lines which, in females, ar............G5 [S5]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Conocephalus brevipennis
Short-Winged Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 193.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The dorsal surface of the head, thorax, tegmina, and abdomen are usually dark brown to reddish brown. The face, sides of the head and thorax, and legs are ............G5 [S5]...
Conocephalus allardi
Allard's Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 192.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, green and brown, short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The face, sides of the thorax, and legs are green, as are the tegmina in the females; in males, the tegmina are brownish-green (Blatchley,...Allard (as described by Blatchley, 1920) found this species at an elevation above 4,000 in northern Georgia, where it occurred in sunny, grassy spots in the woods..........[GNR] [SH]We have only a single, historic record for this species, which appears to occupy a fairly narrow geographic range in the Southern Appalachians and adjoining areas to the west (see map in SINA). Survey...
Odontoxiphidium apterum
Wingless Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 201.0
The sole member of this strictly southeastern North American genus (Cigliano et al., 2018)............[GNR] [SU]...
Anaxipha thomasi
Thomas's Trig
checklist_number: 167.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); eight have been recorded in North Carolina. Thomasi belongs to the Exigua Species Group, which also includes exigua, tinnula, tinnulacita, and tinnulenta in North Carolina (Walker and Funk, 2014).A very small, brown Trig. Like other members of the Exigua group, it possess a broad dark stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the numbe...This species appears to be particularly tied to pine forests (Walker and Funk, 2014) and our records come from stands dominated by Shortleaf Pine with some Scrub Pine also present. ...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]This recently described species is still too poorly known across its range to estimate either its global or state conservation status. Its occurrence in stands of upland pine forests suggests, however...
Myrmecophilus pergandei
Eastern Ant Cricket
checklist_number: 134.0
One of five species in this world-wide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018). Only pergandei is widespread in the East, including North Carolina.Among our smallest Orthopterans, a minute, wingless, brown cricket found in ant nests. ...Found in the nests of a variety of ants...Feeds on ant secretions but may also scavenge...Found by turning over rocks or digging up ant nests...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S3S5]Probably occurs across most of the state and in association with a number of different species of ants; probably secure within the state...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Ceuthophilus uhleri
Uhler's Camel Cricket
checklist_number: 187.0
One of 62 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018); seven have been recorded in North CarolinaA moderately small to large Camel Cricket. The color is yellowish to reddish brown, usually with a faint pattern of darker but non-strongly contrasting spots; sometimes unmarked (Hubbell, 1936) ............GNR...
Velarifictorus micado
Japanese Burrowing Cricket
checklist_number: 123.0
One of a large genus of Asian, African, and Australian species (Cigliano et al., 2017), with micado the single introduced species found in North AmericaA small, dark grayish brown cricket with a distinctive pattern of pale stripes on its head. The head is brown with a unique white stripe that runs between the eyes and bases of the antennae. White str...In Florida, southern Alabama, and Mississippi, Walker (1977) reported that this species is widespread in rural areas, "where it is especially abundant in wet or mesic wooded and partially wooded habit...Presumably omnivorous...Males are easily detected by their songs. Although they dig their own burrows, individuals can be found under logs and other debris. At least in high density populations, they can also be easily seen ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SNA]As an introduced species, Velarifictorus does not merit any conservation efforts on its own behalf. However, its widespread penetration of natural areas should be monitored to see what effect it is ha...
Orchelimum agile
Agile Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 202.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [S4S5]...
Scudderia cuneata
Southeastern Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 239.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Orchelimum bradleyi
Bradley's Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 203.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA relatively slender member of the Greater Meadow Katydids. Most of the head, body, and appendages are light green, with two diverging brown lines running from the vertex to the hind edge of the thora...Associated with Maiden Cane and Sawgrass marshes...Not recorded; probably omnivorous...Individuals dive into the water when disturbed, making them difficult to capture (Rehn and Hebard, 1915)...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR SU->[SH]We have only a couple of records for this species, none of which are recent. It is likely to be restricted to the Tidewater area, where it is a fairly strong habitat specialist. The grassy marsh habit...
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Melanoplus femurrubrum
Red-legged Grasshopper
checklist_number: 43.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Along with M. sanguinipes and propinquus, M. femurrubrum belongs to the Sanguinipes Species Group (Cigliano et al., 2017).Variable in color but with the hind tibiae bright red and the underside of the hind femur also shaded red. At least some populations in North Carolina are fairly bright yellow, which distinguishes the............G5 [S5]...
Chortophaga australior
Southern Green-Striped Locust
checklist_number: 79.0
One of three species in this North American genus that occur north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), two of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA medium-small, brown or green Band-winged Locust. Both sexes come in green or brown phases. The green phase is apple-green on its head, body, and legs; the brown phase is mottled with yellowish brown............G5 [S3S4]...
Chortophaga viridifasciata
Northern Green-striped Locust
checklist_number: 80.0
One of three species in this North American genus that occur north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), two of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G5 [S5]...
Scudderia texensis
Texas Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 245.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Scudderia septentrionalis
Northern Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 244.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G3? S2S3->[S3S4]...
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Scudderia furcata
Fork-Tailed Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 243.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Scudderia fasciata
Treetop Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 242.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Scudderia curvicauda
Curve-Tailed Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 240.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Orchelimum vulgare
Common Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 214.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G5 [S4S5]...
Orchelimum superbum
Superb Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 213.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR SU...
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Orchelimum pulchellum
Handsome Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 212.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [S4S5]...
Orchelimum minor
Lesser Pine Katydid
checklist_number: 210.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [SU]...
Orchelimum militare
Military Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 209.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [SU]...
Orchelimum fidicinium
Seaside Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 208.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [SU]...
Orchelimum concinnum
Stripe-Faced Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 206.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR [SU]...
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Gryllus rubens
Southeastern Field Cricket
checklist_number: 119.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 2017), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina.According to Scudder (1902), the head and body are shining black but with the pronotum marked with reddish along the front and hind borders and along the edges of the lateral lobes. The tegmina are te...Fields and grasslands (Fulton, 1952). Some individuals are also heard in open areas of woodlands, usually in the vicinity of grassy fields (S. Hall, pers. obs.)...Probably omnivorous...Most easily found by song, which males produce both day and night...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[G5] [S5]Appears to be widespread in the Piedmont and associated with common types of habitat; appears to be secure within the state...
Gryllus pennsylvanicus
Fall Field Cricket
checklist_number: 118.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 2017), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina.A blackish to brownish field cricket, usually with dark tegmina; except for the extremely similar G. veletis. Our other species of Gryllus typically have brown tegmina and rubens usually has reddish ...Our records come primarily from grassy fields and lawns. Alexander (1957) describes it as associated with all kinds of grassy habitats, including "fields, pastures, weedy areas, roadsides, and lawns"....Omnivorous, feeding on grasses, forbs, seeds, and other insects...Mostly easily detected by its song, which is given both day and night. In populations associated with bare ground, individuals are frequently seen on the surface. Males can also be seen singing from ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S5]This species appears to be fairly common in the northern Mountains, but its presence in the Piedmont and potentially the Coastal Plain needs more study. Its old-field, pasture, and other grassy habit...
Gryllus veletis
Spring Field Cricket
checklist_number: 120.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 2017), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [SU]...
Allonemobius griseus funeralis
Dusky Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 138.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A dark brown ground cricket with a suffusion of gray (Hebard, 1913). The face below the antennae is shining black, contrasting with the top of the head that has alternating dark and pale stripes simil...Fulton (1931) describes funeralis as associated with dry, grassy old field habitats dominated by Andropogon virginicus, reaching its greatest abundance where the grass clumps are sparse enough to allo...Probably omnivorous...Fulton (1931) describes this cricket as secretive -- rarely coming out from under vegetation -- and consequently seldom seen. Most easily detected by its song....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[G5TNR S3S5]Fulton (1931) noted that this species seldom comes out from under grass clumps and is difficult to capture, a factor he thought might account for its rarity in collections. Its association with Broom ...
Cycloptilum trigonipalpum
Forest Scaly Cricket
checklist_number: 132.0
One of sixteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Love and Walker, 1979), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Trigonipalpum belongs to the Trigonipalpum Species Group (the Trilling Scaly Crickets), which includes two additional species, neither of which occurs in North Carolina.A slender-bodied, elongated Scaly Cricket. The cuticle of the head, pronotum, and legs are yellow to brown, and the abdomen is blackish (Love and Walker, 1979). The entire body is covered with pale, t...Love and Walker (1979) state that this species prefers broadleaf, deciduous trees, especially where there are frequent branches, vines, and dead leaves; pines are also used, at least where grapes and ...Undescribed but possibly omnivorous...Most easily detected by their songs but at least some species in this genus have been observed at bait...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [S5?]This species appears to have a broad range within the state and will probably be found over most of our area eventually. It does not appear to be specialized in terms of habitat and can make use of at...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Inscudderia walkeri
Eastern Cypress Katydid
checklist_number: 238.0
One of three species of this strictly North American genus (Cigliano et al., 2018), and the only one that occurs in North CarolinaA narrow-winged, long-legged, boldly patterned katydid. The head, thorax, and abdomen are dark green and marked with yellowish-green to whitish green streaks and spots, particularly along the sides of...All of our records come from stands of Bald Cypress growing in river swamps or old millponds...May be monophagous on Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum); its possible use of Pond Cypress needs to be investigated...This species is well-camouflaged during the day and hard to find, but is easy to spot using flashlights on the tips of cypress branches after dark, where they are easy to collect (Hebard, 1925). This ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR SUWe have very few records for this species, but that may be due to its excellent camouglage during the day and few, if any, attempts to survey this species after dark. More information is needed on its...
Ceuthophilus guttulosus guttulosus
A Camel Cricket
checklist_number: 183.0
One of 62 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018); seven have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, dark reddish-brown Camel Cricket. A contrasting stripe of red-orange runs along the dorsal surface of the thorax and the lower portion of the lateral lobes of the thorax are pale whitish or y............GNRTNR...
Ceuthophilus guttulosus
A Camel Cricket
checklist_number: 181.0
............G5...
Ceuthophilus gracilipes
A Camel Cricket
checklist_number: 180.0
One of 62 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018); seven have been recorded in North CarolinaA large, long-legged, strikingly banded Camel Cricket; one of the largest species in this genus (Hubbell,1936). The dorsal surface is generally ochraceous-orange with the posterior margins of the thor...Occurs from 1,000' to over 5,000' in the Southern Appalachians where it is strongly associated with forest habitats, ranging from dry pines stands and mixed pine-oak-hickory forests to mesic slopes an...Omnivorous...Comes to bait, including beer-banana bait painted on trees to attract moths as well as pure molasses used in the pit traps traditionally used to sample for camel crickets (see Hubbell, 1936)...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S4S]As with most of our species of Ceuthophilus, our records for this species are primarily historic and need to be updated. Based on Hubbell's description and at least a few current observations, this sp...
Neonemobius variegatus
Variegated Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 149.0
One of six species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaHebard (1913) describes the general color as clay yellow mottled or flecked with mummy brown. The head below the antennae is distinctively shining dark brown, but the occiput is cinnamon, mottled wit...Fulton (1931) describes the habitat as consisting of stream borders, particularly on somewhat open gravel bars. ...Probably omnivorous...Based on Fulton's (1931) comments, this species may be difficult to detect by ear....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [SU]We have very few records for this species and there is comparatively little information in the literature. The habitat of this species, however, is widespread and it has probably been generally overlo...