Orthoptera of North Carolina
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Melanoplus eurycercus
A Green-legged Melanoplus
checklist_number: 42.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus eurycercus is a member of the Viridpes Species Group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes acrophilus, pachycercus, cherokee, deceptus, hubbelli, and similis.A small, contrastingly patterned, green-legged Melanoplus. Males are similar to other strongly-marked species in this group, including acrophilus, pachycercus, cherokee, and deceptus, all of which are...Morgan (1920) describes this species as inhabiting mountain meadows near forests. Otte (2002) adds woods margins and openings in woods....Apparently unrecorded...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4 S1S2This species reaches the southern end of its range in the North Carolina Mountains (Otte, 2002), where specimens were first collected in 1929 in the vicinity of Bakersville by D.A. Greene (Hebard, 193...
Euhadenoecus adelphus
A Camel Cricket
checklist_number: 255.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which are restricted to the Appalachian Mountain region (Hubbell and Norton, 1978; Cigliano et al., 2018). Two species have been recorded in North Carolina. Hubbell and Norton (1978) raised Euhadenoecus as a separate genus from Hadenoecus, which previously contained puteanus. Along with adelphi, they also described three other species of Euhadenoecus and included both Euhadenoecus and Hadenoecus in a new tribe, the Hadenoecini within subfamily Dolichopodinae.Dorsum is ochraceous buff, bordered by reddish-brown on the sides; individuals from higher elevations are more uniformly dark (Hubbell and Norton, 1978). The vertex has five, narrow, brown longitudina...Unlike other members of Tribe Hadenoecini, neither adelphus and puteanus are cave-dwelling species, occuring instead in forested areas, usually associated with talus fields or boulders with deep fissu...Probably omnivorous...This species is active at night and can be spotted both on and within buildings located within or close to forested areas...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [S2S4]The global range of this species is very small, virtually corresponding with its range in North Carolina. It is also a habitat specialist, strongly requiring cool, moist microclimates, usually provide...
Montezumina modesta
Modest Katydid
checklist_number: 237.0
A primarily Neotropical genus of 25 species, of which only modesta occurs in North America north of Mexico (Nickle, 1984)Leaf green with a narrow yellow stripe along the lateral margin of the pronotum and dorsal field of the tegmina. Similar in color, pattern, and narrow wing shape to Scudderia species but is noticeably...Poorly known. Rehn and Hebard collected on on Water Hyacinth in Florida (cited by Blatchley, 1920)and Nickle (1984) mentioned records from both wet cypress stands and xeric sandhills. Capieira et al. ......This species has long been considered hard to observe and we suspect that this species usually stays well up in the canopy. Sherman and Brimley (1911, cited by Blatchley, 1920), found them using light...GU S3S4This species is currently too poorly known to make an accurate assessment of its conservation status. It does not appear to be highly specialized in terms of habitat, however, and may turn out to be ...
Conocephalus strictus
Straight-Lanced Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 200.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small (large for the genus), short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid with highly distinctive reproductive structures. ...Blatchley (1920) describes the habitat of this species as consisting of "dry upland meadows, open pastures, and prairies". .........GNR S5...
Conocephalus brevipennis
Short-Winged Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 193.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The dorsal surface of the head, thorax, tegmina, and abdomen are usually dark brown to reddish brown. The face, sides of the head and thorax, and legs are ............G5 S5...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Oecanthus quadripunctatus
Four-Spotted Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 161.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Fulton (1915) describes the habitat of quadripunctatus as "upland fields abounding in medium sized weeds such as aster, sweet clover, golden rod, ragweed, and especially the wild carrot or Queen Ann's.........G5 S5...
Oecanthus latipennis
Broad-Winged Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 157.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Latipennis is usually associated with low shrubby or weedy vegetation. Fulton (1915) observed it weedy places, including flower beds and shrubs growing around buildings. Walker (1963) describes it as............
Oecanthus celerinictus
Fast-Calling Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 154.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, pale yellow-green tree cricket. Coloration and outward appearance are very similar to O. quadripunctatus, although the black markings on the basal segment of the antennae are distinctive: acc...Walker (1963) describes the habitat of this species as consisting of forbs and brambles growing in old fields and other open situations, often in drier habitats than other species in the nigricornis g...Omnivorous (Fulton, 1915)......[GNR] SU...
Allonemobius griseus funeralis
Dusky Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 138.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A dark brown ground cricket with a suffusion of gray (Hebard, 1913). The face below the antennae is shining black, contrasting with the top of the head that has alternating dark and pale stripes simil...Fulton (1931) describes funeralis as associated with dry, grassy old field habitats dominated by Andropogon virginicus, reaching its greatest abundance where the grass clumps are sparse enough to allo...Probably omnivorous...Fulton (1931) describes this cricket as secretive -- rarely coming out from under vegetation -- and consequently seldom seen. Most easily detected by its song....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 S3S5Fulton (1931) noted that this species seldom comes out from under grass clumps and is difficult to capture, a factor he thought might account for its rarity in collections. Its association with Broom ...
Ellipes minuta
Smaller Sand Cricket
checklist_number: 113.0
...Stream, pond, and lake shores (Blatchley, 1920).........GNR S3S4...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Neotridactylus apicialis
Larger Pygmy Locust
checklist_number: 253.0
...Wet sandy shorelines of lakes and streams (Blatchley, 1920).........GNR S3S4...
Tetrix arenosa
Sanded Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 107.0
............G5 S3S4...
Paratettix cucullatus
Hooded Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 105.0
...Damp sandy or muddy pond and creek shorelines (Blatchley, 1920).........G5 S4S5...
Nomotettix cristatus
Crested Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 102.0
............G5 S4S5...
Neotettix femoratus
Short-legged Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 100.0
............G5 S4S5...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Tettigidea prorsa
Cone-headed Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 99.0
...Wet pine savannas and pocosin ecotones (Rehn and Hebard, cited by Blatchley, 1920).........[GNR] SH...
Tettigidea lateralis
Black-sided Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 97.0
............G5 S4S5...
Tettigidea armata
Armored Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 96.0
............G5 S3S4...
Paxilla obesa
Obese Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 95.0
...Wet savannas and pocosin ecotones (Rehn and Hebard, cited by Blatchley, 1920) .........[GNR] SH...
Gryllus fultoni
Southern Wood Cricket
checklist_number: 117.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 2017), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina.Tegmina always brown; hind femora reddish or pale and the hind tibiae are also pale (Alexander, 1957). Lacks the red spots that are usually present on the sides of the pronotum in G. rubens, the oth...Occurs primarily in woodlands (Fulton, 1951; Alexander, 1957), but can also be heard singing in the edges of fields adjoining forests, at sites where G. rubens is singing close by (S. Hall, pers. obs....Probably omnivorous...Most easily found by song, which males produce both day and night...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[G5 S5]Appears to be widespread in the Piedmont and associated with common types of habitat; appears to be secure within the state...
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Allonemobius allardi
Allard's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 135.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A red-brown to blackish ground cricket (Alexander and Thomas, 1959). The head is brown with two to three darker stripes, which are usually not contrasting, particularly at the rear of the head, but fo...Allonemobius allardi inhabits well-drained grassy and weedy habitats, including "lawns, pastures, fields, and roadsides" (Alexander and Thomas, 1959). It often occurs with A. walkeri, but tinnulus is ...Probably omnivorous...Mostly easily detected by its song, which is given both day and night. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [SU]There are still too few records for this species in North Carolina to determine its distribution and conservation status. Records from the Piedmont need to be verified based on spectrograms or, prefer...
Oecanthus pini
Pine Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 160.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR S3S5...
Scudderia furcata
Fork-Tailed Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 243.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Neoconocephalus retusus
Round-Tipped Conehead
checklist_number: 223.0
...............
Trimerotropis saxatilis
Rock-loving Locust
checklist_number: 93.0
One of forty species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico, most of which are found in the West (Cigliano et al., 2018). Only two species have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-sized, strongly mottled Band-wing. The ground color of the head, thorax, tegmina, and legs is variable, ranging from gray, blue-green, to brown (Blatchley, 1920), or pale greenish-white in so...Strictly confined to open rock outcrops throughout its range (McNeill, 1901; Morse, 1904; Blatchley, 1920). All of our records come from such habitats, ranging in elevation from 2300 ft at Stone Mount...In a detailed study of the diet and ecological energetics of this species, Duke and Crosseley (1975) found that this species feeds primarily on a moss, Grimmia laevigata, but that lichens were only oc...Morse (1907) described this species as fairly sluggish and making only short-flights when flushed; easily captured...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG3 [S2S3]This species is known from relatively few sites in North Carolina, where it is highly restricted to very patchily distributed habitats. Although no specific threats are currently known, the habitats t...
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Leptysma marginicollis
Cattail Toothpick Grasshopper
checklist_number: 20.0
...We have records from a wide variety of wet, herbaceous habitats, including marshes, savannas, pond and lake shorelines, and wet fields...Probably wetland graminoids or other herbaceous species......G5 S5...
Orchelimum fidicinium
Seaside Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 208.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Salt marshes (Rehn and Hebard, 1915a).........[GNR] [S3S4]...
Neoconocephalus melanorhinus
Black-Nosed Conehead
checklist_number: 221.0
...Salt marshes (SINA).........[GNR] SH...
Bucrates malivolans
Cattail Conehead
checklist_number: 216.0
...Freshwater marshes (SINA)............
Orchelimum superbum
Superb Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 213.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Bogs and reedy swamps (Rehn and Hebard, 1915a).........GNR SH...
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Orchelimum militare
Military Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 209.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Freshwater marshes (Rehn and Hebard, 1915a).........[GNR] [S3S4]...
Orchelimum concinnum
Stripe-Faced Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 206.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Found in both fresh and salt marshes; also in wet fields (Rehn and Hebard, 1915a).........GNR [S2S4]...
Conocephalus stictomerus
Spotted-Legged Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 199.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina...Found in luxuriant grasses along the borders of both fresh and brackish marshes (Rehn and Hebard, 1915).........[GNR] [S2S3]...
Conocephalus spartinae
Saltmarsh Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 198.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina...Salt marshes, especially in association with Spartina patens (Rehn and Hebard, 1915).........[GNR] [S2S4]...
Conocephalus nigropleuroides
Tidewater Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 196.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina...Salt marshes; associated with Spartina patens and other species (Rehn and Hebard, 1915).........[GNR] [SH]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Oecanthus niveus
Narrow-Winged Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 159.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR S5...
Oecanthus exclamationis
Davis's Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 155.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR S4S5...
Pterophylla camellifolia
Common True Katydid
checklist_number: 246.0
.........Highly arboreal and rarely seen although they sometimes come to lights. Choruses, however, are so loud and distinctive they hard to miss. ...GNR S5...
Microcentrum rhombifolium
Greater Angle-Wing
checklist_number: 236.0
............GNR S4S5...
Microcentrum retinerve
Lesser Angle-Wing
checklist_number: 235.0
............[GNR] S5...
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Amblycorypha alexanderi
Clicker Round-Winged Katydid
checklist_number: 228.0
............[GNR] [SU]...
Scudderia septentrionalis
Northern Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 244.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G3? [S3]...
Allonemobius walkeri
Walker's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 143.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A red-brown to blackish ground cricket (following Alexnder and Thomas's description of allardi). The head is brown with two to three darker stripes, which are usually not contrasting, particularly at ...According to Howard and Furth (1986), A. walkeri inhabits dry grassy fields and pastures, nearly always co-occurring with A. allardi, at least where their geographic ranges overlap. Records from North...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by its song...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR SU]Although this species appears to be associated with common types of habitats, it was considered rare by Howard and Furth (1986). Not enough is yet known about its distribution, abundance, and habitat ...
Melanoplus pachycercus
Thick Cercused Green-legged Melanoplus
checklist_number: 55.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus pachycercus is a member of the Viridpes species group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes acrophilus, eurycercus, deceptus, cherokee, hubbelli, and similis.A small, contrastingly patterned, green-legged Melanoplus. Males are similar to other strongly-marked species in this group, including eurycercus, deceptus, acrophilus, and cherokee, all of which are ...Otte (2002) describes the habitat as consisting of "margins of woods, sunny openings in woods and grassy mountain balds."...Undescribed...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG2G3 S1S2The global range of Melanoplus pachycercus is confined to the Southern Appalachians, where it has been recorded as far north as Mountain Lake in Virginia and as far south as Franklin in North Carolina...
Pseudochorthippus curtipennis
Marsh Meadow Grasshopper
checklist_number: 12.0
Previously considered to belong to Chorthippus, a very large Palearctic genus. Reclassified as Pseudochorthippus by Defaut in 2012 (see Cigliano et al., 2018), which itself is a primarily Palearctic species; only P. curtipennis occurs in the New World.A slender, medium-small grasshopper. Marked with green and brown on the head and thorax, but with the pattern highly variable in both sexes. The abdomen is usually strongly banded with black and yello...Our records come from open, grassy habitats, including from fairly dry ridges...Feeds on grasses and sedges (Brust et al., 2014)...Best found by walking through its habitat and flushing individuals into making short jumps. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S4S5]This species appears to have a restricted distribution in the state but is not restricted in terms of habitat types. Although its overall range in North Carolina needs to be documented, its locallly a...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Melanoplus scudderi
Scudder's Short-winged Locust
checklist_number: 63.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [S5]...
Conocephalus aigialus
Seashore Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 191.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small green and yellow Lesser Meadow Katydid. Head, thorax, and the anterior portion of the abdomen are green, shading into bright yellow on the posterior portion of the abdomen, with the cerci also...According to Rehn and Hebard (1915), this species is restricted to beaches and tidal rivers along the Atlantic Coast, where it is found primarily in the halophytic vegetation growing along the shoreli.........[GNR] [SU]...
Neonemobius variegatus
Variegated Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 149.0
One of six species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaHebard (1913) describes the general color as clay yellow mottled or flecked with mummy brown. The head below the antennae is distinctively shining dark brown, but the occiput is cinnamon, mottled wit...Fulton (1931) describes the habitat as consisting of stream borders, particularly on somewhat open gravel bars. ...Probably omnivorous...Based on Fulton's (1931) comments, this species may be difficult to detect by ear....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [SU]We have very few records for this species and there is comparatively little information in the literature. The habitat of this species, however, is widespread and it has probably been generally overlo...
Orchelimum erythrocephalum
Red-Headed Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 207.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [S5]...
Amblycorypha carinata
Carinate Katydid
checklist_number: 231.0
...............