Orthoptera of North Carolina
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sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Leptysma marginicollis
Cattail Toothpick Grasshopper
checklist_number: 20.0
...We have records from a wide variety of wet, herbaceous habitats, including marshes, savannas, pond and lake shorelines, and wet fields...Probably wetland graminoids or other herbaceous species......G5 S5...
Orchelimum fidicinium
Seaside Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 208.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Salt marshes (Rehn and Hebard, 1915a).........[GNR] [S3S4]...
Neoconocephalus melanorhinus
Black-Nosed Conehead
checklist_number: 221.0
...Salt marshes (SINA).........[GNR] SH...
Bucrates malivolans
Cattail Conehead
checklist_number: 216.0
...Freshwater marshes (SINA)............
Orchelimum superbum
Superb Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 213.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Bogs and reedy swamps (Rehn and Hebard, 1915a).........GNR SH...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Orchelimum militare
Military Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 209.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Freshwater marshes (Rehn and Hebard, 1915a).........[GNR] [S3S4]...
Orchelimum concinnum
Stripe-Faced Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 206.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Found in both fresh and salt marshes; also in wet fields (Rehn and Hebard, 1915a).........GNR [S2S4]...
Conocephalus stictomerus
Spotted-Legged Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 199.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina...Found in luxuriant grasses along the borders of both fresh and brackish marshes (Rehn and Hebard, 1915).........[GNR] [S2S3]...
Conocephalus spartinae
Saltmarsh Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 198.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina...Salt marshes, especially in association with Spartina patens (Rehn and Hebard, 1915).........[GNR] [S2S4]...
Conocephalus nigropleuroides
Tidewater Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 196.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina...Salt marshes; associated with Spartina patens and other species (Rehn and Hebard, 1915).........[GNR] [SH]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Oecanthus niveus
Narrow-Winged Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 159.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR S5...
Oecanthus exclamationis
Davis's Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 155.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR S4S5...
Pterophylla camellifolia
Common True Katydid
checklist_number: 246.0
.........Highly arboreal and rarely seen although they sometimes come to lights. Choruses, however, are so loud and distinctive they hard to miss. ...GNR S5...
Microcentrum rhombifolium
Greater Angle-Wing
checklist_number: 236.0
............GNR S4S5...
Microcentrum retinerve
Lesser Angle-Wing
checklist_number: 235.0
............[GNR] S5...
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Amblycorypha alexanderi
Clicker Round-Winged Katydid
checklist_number: 228.0
............[GNR] [SU]...
Scudderia septentrionalis
Northern Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 244.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G3? [S3]...
Allonemobius walkeri
Walker's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 143.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A red-brown to blackish ground cricket (following Alexnder and Thomas's description of allardi). The head is brown with two to three darker stripes, which are usually not contrasting, particularly at ...According to Howard and Furth (1986), A. walkeri inhabits dry grassy fields and pastures, nearly always co-occurring with A. allardi, at least where their geographic ranges overlap. Records from North...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by its song...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR SU]Although this species appears to be associated with common types of habitats, it was considered rare by Howard and Furth (1986). Not enough is yet known about its distribution, abundance, and habitat ...
Melanoplus pachycercus
Thick Cercused Green-legged Melanoplus
checklist_number: 55.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus pachycercus is a member of the Viridpes species group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes acrophilus, eurycercus, deceptus, cherokee, hubbelli, and similis.A small, contrastingly patterned, green-legged Melanoplus. Males are similar to other strongly-marked species in this group, including eurycercus, deceptus, acrophilus, and cherokee, all of which are ...Otte (2002) describes the habitat as consisting of "margins of woods, sunny openings in woods and grassy mountain balds."...Undescribed...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG2G3 S1S2The global range of Melanoplus pachycercus is confined to the Southern Appalachians, where it has been recorded as far north as Mountain Lake in Virginia and as far south as Franklin in North Carolina...
Pseudochorthippus curtipennis
Marsh Meadow Grasshopper
checklist_number: 12.0
Previously considered to belong to Chorthippus, a very large Palearctic genus. Reclassified as Pseudochorthippus by Defaut in 2012 (see Cigliano et al., 2018), which itself is a primarily Palearctic species; only P. curtipennis occurs in the New World.A slender, medium-small grasshopper. Marked with green and brown on the head and thorax, but with the pattern highly variable in both sexes. The abdomen is usually strongly banded with black and yello...Our records come from open, grassy habitats, including from fairly dry ridges...Feeds on grasses and sedges (Brust et al., 2014)...Best found by walking through its habitat and flushing individuals into making short jumps. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G5 [S4S5]This species appears to have a restricted distribution in the state but is not restricted in terms of habitat types. Although its overall range in North Carolina needs to be documented, its locallly a...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Melanoplus scudderi
Scudder's Short-winged Locust
checklist_number: 63.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [S5]...
Conocephalus aigialus
Seashore Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 191.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small green and yellow Lesser Meadow Katydid. Head, thorax, and the anterior portion of the abdomen are green, shading into bright yellow on the posterior portion of the abdomen, with the cerci also...According to Rehn and Hebard (1915), this species is restricted to beaches and tidal rivers along the Atlantic Coast, where it is found primarily in the halophytic vegetation growing along the shoreli.........[GNR] [SU]...
Neoconocephalus retusus
Round-Tipped Conehead
checklist_number: 223.0
...............
Neonemobius variegatus
Variegated Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 149.0
One of six species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaHebard (1913) describes the general color as clay yellow mottled or flecked with mummy brown. The head below the antennae is distinctively shining dark brown, but the occiput is cinnamon, mottled wit...Fulton (1931) describes the habitat as consisting of stream borders, particularly on somewhat open gravel bars. ...Probably omnivorous...Based on Fulton's (1931) comments, this species may be difficult to detect by ear....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [SU]We have very few records for this species and there is comparatively little information in the literature. The habitat of this species, however, is widespread and it has probably been generally overlo...
Orchelimum erythrocephalum
Red-Headed Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 207.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [S5]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Amblycorypha carinata
Carinate Katydid
checklist_number: 231.0
...............
Amblycorypha oblongifolia
Oblong-Winged Katydid
checklist_number: 233.0
...............
Neoconocephalus triops
Broad-Tipped Conehead
checklist_number: 225.0
...............
Cycloptilum slossoni
Slosson's Scaly Cricket
checklist_number: 130.0
One of sixteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Love and Walker, 1979), four of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Slossoni belongs to the Slossoni Species Group (the Complex Chirping Scaly Crickets), which includes two additional species, neither of which occurs in North Carolina.A very small (but larger than trigonipalpum), reddish to brownish Scaly Cricket. The cuticle of the pronotum is yellowish-brown with a reddish cast; that of the abdomen is dark brown to blackish. The ...Love and Walker (1979) described this species as occurring in shrubs and low trees in woodland and scrub habitats in natural communities in the Coastal Plain, but also including ornamental plants in r...Unrecorded but probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by their songs but we have at least one record from bait...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [S4S5]This species was unknown outside the southeastern corner of North Carolina until recently. Fulton (1932) described it (as C. antillarum) as occurring along the Coast and did not include it in his list...
Conocephalus strictus
Straight-Lanced Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 200.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small (large for the genus), short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid with highly distinctive reproductive structures. ............GNR [S5?]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Conocephalus saltans
Prairie Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 197.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, reddish-brown to bluish-green, short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The typical form is dull reddish-brown. The face is marked with a dark stripe or blotch and a wide stripe of brown runs from...Blatchley (1920) described this species as xerophilous, associated with dry upland prairies and sandy barrens..........G5 [SU]...
Conocephalus nemoralis
Woodland Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 195.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR [SU]...
Conocephalus fasciatus
Slender Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 194.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, slender, long-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The dorsal surface of the head, thorax, and abdomen are dark brown; on the abdomen, the dorsal band is bordered by pale lines which, in females, ar............G5 [S5]...
Conocephalus brevipennis
Short-Winged Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 193.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The dorsal surface of the head, thorax, tegmina, and abdomen are usually dark brown to reddish brown. The face, sides of the head and thorax, and legs are ............G5 [S5]...
Conocephalus allardi
Allard's Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 192.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, green and brown, short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The face, sides of the thorax, and legs are green, as are the tegmina in the females; in males, the tegmina are brownish-green (Blatchley,...Allard (as described by Blatchley, 1920) found this species at an elevation above 4,000 in northern Georgia, where it occurred in sunny, grassy spots in the woods..........[GNR] [SH]We have only a single, historic record for this species, which appears to occupy a fairly narrow geographic range in the Southern Appalachians and adjoining areas to the west (see map in SINA). Survey...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Odontoxiphidium apterum
Wingless Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 201.0
The sole member of this strictly southeastern North American genus (Cigliano et al., 2018)............[GNR] [SU]...
Anaxipha thomasi
Thomas's Trig
checklist_number: 167.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); eight have been recorded in North Carolina. Thomasi belongs to the Exigua Species Group, which also includes exigua, tinnula, tinnulacita, and tinnulenta in North Carolina (Walker and Funk, 2014).A very small, brown Trig. Like other members of the Exigua group, it possess a broad dark stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the numbe...This species appears to be particularly tied to pine forests (Walker and Funk, 2014) and our records come from stands dominated by Shortleaf Pine with some Scrub Pine also present. ...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]This recently described species is still too poorly known across its range to estimate either its global or state conservation status. Its occurrence in stands of upland pine forests suggests, however...
Myrmecophilus pergandei
Eastern Ant Cricket
checklist_number: 134.0
One of five species in this world-wide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018). Only pergandei is widespread in the East, including North Carolina.Among our smallest Orthopterans, a minute, wingless, brown cricket found in ant nests. ...Found in the nests of a variety of ants...Feeds on ant secretions but may also scavenge...Found by turning over rocks or digging up ant nests...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S3S5]Probably occurs across most of the state and in association with a number of different species of ants; probably secure within the state...
Ceuthophilus uhleri
Uhler's Camel Cricket
checklist_number: 187.0
One of 62 species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018); seven have been recorded in North CarolinaA moderately small to large Camel Cricket. The color is yellowish to reddish brown, usually with a faint pattern of darker but non-strongly contrasting spots; sometimes unmarked (Hubbell, 1936) ............GNR...
Velarifictorus micado
Japanese Burrowing Cricket
checklist_number: 123.0
One of a large genus of Asian, African, and Australian species (Cigliano et al., 2017), with micado the single introduced species found in North AmericaA small, dark grayish brown cricket with a distinctive pattern of pale stripes on its head. The head is brown with a unique white stripe that runs between the eyes and bases of the antennae. White str...In Florida, southern Alabama, and Mississippi, Walker (1977) reported that this species is widespread in rural areas, "where it is especially abundant in wet or mesic wooded and partially wooded habit...Presumably omnivorous...Males are easily detected by their songs. Although they dig their own burrows, individuals can be found under logs and other debris. At least in high density populations, they can also be easily seen ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SNA]As an introduced species, Velarifictorus does not merit any conservation efforts on its own behalf. However, its widespread penetration of natural areas should be monitored to see what effect it is ha...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Orchelimum agile
Agile Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 202.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] [S4S5]...
Scudderia cuneata
Southeastern Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 239.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Orchelimum bradleyi
Bradley's Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 203.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA relatively slender member of the Greater Meadow Katydids. Most of the head, body, and appendages are light green, with two diverging brown lines running from the vertex to the hind edge of the thora...Associated with Maiden Cane and Sawgrass marshes...Not recorded; probably omnivorous...Individuals dive into the water when disturbed, making them difficult to capture (Rehn and Hebard, 1915)...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR SU->[SH]We have only a couple of records for this species, none of which are recent. It is likely to be restricted to the Tidewater area, where it is a fairly strong habitat specialist. The grassy marsh habit...
Melanoplus femurrubrum
Red-legged Grasshopper
checklist_number: 43.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Along with M. sanguinipes and propinquus, M. femurrubrum belongs to the Sanguinipes Species Group (Cigliano et al., 2017).Variable in color but with the hind tibiae bright red and the underside of the hind femur also shaded red. At least some populations in North Carolina are fairly bright yellow, which distinguishes the............G5 [S5]...
Chortophaga australior
Southern Green-Striped Locust
checklist_number: 79.0
One of three species in this North American genus that occur north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), two of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA medium-small, brown or green Band-winged Locust. Both sexes come in green or brown phases. The green phase is apple-green on its head, body, and legs; the brown phase is mottled with yellowish brown............G5 [S3S4]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Chortophaga viridifasciata
Northern Green-striped Locust
checklist_number: 80.0
One of three species in this North American genus that occur north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), two of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G5 [S5]...
Scudderia texensis
Texas Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 245.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Scudderia furcata
Fork-Tailed Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 243.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Scudderia fasciata
Treetop Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 242.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............
Scudderia curvicauda
Curve-Tailed Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 240.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina...............