Orthoptera of North Carolina
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sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Melanoplus acrophilus
Peak-loving Green-legged Melanoplus
checklist_number: 26.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Melanoplus acrophilus is a member of the Viridpes species group (Otte, 2002), which in North Carolina also includes deceptus, pachycercus, eurycercus, cherokee, hubbelli, and similis....As indicated by the name acrophilus, most, if not all records, come from high elevations, from around 3,800 at Mountain Lake to over 6,000' at Roan Mountain and Mount Mitchell..........G2G3 S2S3This species has a small global range: the majority of records for this species come from the mountains of North Carolina, with the range extending a short distance southward into the mountains of nor...
Hapithus agitator
Restless Bush Cricket
checklist_number: 124.00
............GNR [S4S5]...
Velarifictorus micado
Japanese Burrowing Cricket
checklist_number: 123.00
One of a large genus of Asian, African, and Australian species (Cigliano et al., 2017), with micado the single introduced species found in North America............[GNR SNA]...
Miogryllus verticalis
Eastern Striped Cricket
checklist_number: 122.00
............[GNR SU]...
Gryllus veletis
Spring Field Cricket
checklist_number: 120.00
............G5 [SU]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Anurogryllus arboreus
Common Short-Tailed Cricket
checklist_number: 115.00
............[GNR SU]...
Acheta domesticus
House Cricket
checklist_number: 114.00
............GNR [SNA]...
Camptonotus carolinensis
Carolina Leaf-roller
checklist_number: 190.00
............GNR [S4S5]...
Phyllopalpus pulchellus
Handsome Trig
checklist_number: 163.00
One of six species in this primarily Neotropical genus and the only one that occurs in the eastern United State (Cigliano et al., 2017)A small but strikingly marked Trig. The head and thorax are crimson red; the palps, antennal bases, sides of the tegmina, abdomen, and ovipositor are shining black; and the antennae and legs are pale...Occurs in both herbaceous vegetation fairly close to the ground to low shrubs and trees. Lowland and mesic habitats seem to be preferred but they can also be found upslope. They inhabit residential ne......More often heard than seen but active both day and night and can be spotted in low vegetation...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR [S5]Common and widespread across the state. Appears to be quite secure....
Eunemobius confusus
Confused Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 145.00
One of three species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), all three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA glossy, pitch black ground cricket. The head, thorax, and tegmina are shiny blackish-brown, with the legs somewhat lighter brown. The bone-white palps of both sexes are highly characteristic (Hebar...In his description of the species, Blatchely (1903) mentioned that it was common in "low damp woods bordering Tippicanoe Lake". (Brimley (1908) also described the habitat of confusus as "damp places, ...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by its song....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR SU]We currently have too few records for this species to be sure of its status in North Carolina. While it seems likely to occur in hardwood forests across at least the Piedmont and low mountains, if it ...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Eunemobius carolinus
Carolina Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 144.00
One of three species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), all three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, yellowish-brown ground cricket. The pale palps serve to distinguish this species from all other of our ground crickets except for Eunemobius confusus and melodius. The palps of confusus are a...Fulton (1931) describes carolinus as occurring in a wide variety of habiats but usually where the soil moisture is fairly high. Habitats include riparian, bottomland, and mesic hardwoods; marshes; an...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by song. Comes at least occasionally to lights, especially macropterous forms....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S5]Eunemobius carolina is one of our most widespread and most often encountered species. It occupies a wide range of habitats, including suburban areas, and seems to be fairly secure within the state....
Allonemobius socius
Southern Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 140.00
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A small, blackish to reddish-brown ground cricket. Currently separable from fasciatus -- which has not been documented in North Carolina (Howard and Waring, 1991) -- solely through use of electrophore...Associated with open, wet grassy areas, including early successional habitats dominated by Crabgrass and pond borders dominated by wetland graminoids; Fulton (1931) also reported it as occurring in la...Probably omnivorous...One of the most easily observed ground crickets due to their high population densities and occurrence in open, low grass habitats. Songs are easily detected....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR S5]Widespread, abundant, and associated with common habitats, including human-maintained grasslands. Appears to be very secure in North Carolina. ...
Orocharis saltator
Jumping Bush Cricket
checklist_number: 126.00
One of five species in this primarily neotropical genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 1969). Only two occur in North Carolina; the other three are restricted to FloridaThe two species of Orocharis in our area are morphologically indistinguishable (Walker, 1969). Both are medium sized, brown bush crickets with long, oval-shaped tegmina that beyond the end of the abdo...In areas where the two species of Orocharis are sympatric, Walker (1969) noted that saltator appeared to be more common in mesic or hydric woodlands and luteolira in drier, more open and well-drained ...Polyphagous feeder on vegetation. Himmelman (2009) states that saltator feeds primarily on foliage, flowers, and fruits...Males are easily heard but hard to see. Both sexes come to bait at night....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S5]Widespread within the state and associated with a wide range of wooded habitats, including residential neighborhoods. This species appears to be quite secure within the state....
Orocharis luteolira
False Jumping Bush Cricket
checklist_number: 125.00
One of five species in this primarily neotropical genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 1969). Only two occur in North Carolina; the other three are restricted to FloridaThe two species of Orocharis in our area are morphologically indistinguishable (Walker, 1969). Both are medium sized, brown bush crickets with long, oval-shaped tegmina that beyond the end of the abdo...In areas where the two species of Orocharis are sympatric, Walker (1969) noted that saltator appeared to be more common in mesic or hydric woodlands and luteolira in drier, more open and well-drained ...Probably feeds primiarily on foliage, flowers, and fruit...Males are easy to hear but difficult to discover visually. Probably comes well to bait, as is true for saltator...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR S4S5]Probably occurs over most of the eastern third of the state and appears to occupy a wide range of woody habitats. Probably secure within the state....
Melanoplus punctulatus
Grizzly Locust
checklist_number: 57.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-large grasshopper, one of the larger species in this genus. The typical form is gray-brown, with the body, legs, and tegmina covered with speckling or spotting, giving it a "grizzled" appeara...Arboreal. Some authors have reported a particular association with pines, but others have found it in hardwoods as well. North Carolina records come from sandhill stands of mixed Longleaf and xerophyt...Unrecorded. An observation in Wake County by Karen Blum indicates that it may feed on mosses and lichens....Seen near the ground following cold nights in the fall...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4 [S4S5]Although observed somewhat irregularly, this species is probably common throughout the state and occupies a wide range of wooded habitats. Consequently, it appears to be secure in the state....
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Melanoplus punctulatus punctulatus
Grizzly Locust
checklist_number: 59.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.This subspecies is similar in color to subspecies arboreus but is smaller and also differs in its less evident furculae and smaller, narrower, and less elevated tubercle on the subgenital plate (Rehn ............G4T4 [SU]...
Melanoplus punctulatus arboreus
Southern Grizzly Locust
checklist_number: 58.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.This subspecies is similar in coloration to the nominate form but differs in its larger size (Scudder, 1897). Blatchley also mentions that it possesses a shorter and broader metazona, with its poster............G4[TNR] [SU]...
Melanoplus keeleri luridus
Broad-necked Locust
checklist_number: 48.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5T5 [SU]...
Spharagemon marmorata picta
Southern Marbled Locust
checklist_number: 91.00
............G5[TNR] [S3S4]...
Paroxya clavuligera
Olive-green Swamp Grasshopper
checklist_number: 71.00
............G5 [S3S4]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Trimerotropis maritima
Seaside Locust
checklist_number: 92.00
............G5 [S4S5]...
Spharagemon cristatum
Ridgeback Sand Locust
checklist_number: 89.00
............G5 [S3S4]...
Spharagemon bolli
Boll's Locust
checklist_number: 88.00
............G5 [S4S5]...
Dissosteira carolina
Carolina Locust
checklist_number: 87.00
............G5 [S5]...
Psinidia fenestralis
Long-horned Locust
checklist_number: 85.00
............G5 [S4]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Pardalophora phoenicoptera
Orange-Winged Grasshopper
checklist_number: 84.00
............G5 [S5]...
Hippiscus ocelote
Wrinkled Grasshopper
checklist_number: 82.00
............G5 [S4S5]...
Chortophaga viridifasciata
Northern Green-striped Locust
checklist_number: 80.00
............G5 [S5]...
Chortophaga australior
Southern Green-Striped Locust
checklist_number: 79.00
............G5 [SU]...
Arphia xanthoptera
Autumn Yellow-winged Locust
checklist_number: 78.00
............G5 [S5]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Arphia sulphurea
Spring Yellow-winged Locust
checklist_number: 77.00
............G5 [S5]...
Paroxya atlantica
Atlantic Grasshopper; Atlantic Locust
checklist_number: 70.00
............GU [S3S4]...
Melanoplus strumosus
Swollen Spur-throat Grasshopper
checklist_number: 66.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G4G5 S2S3->[S3?]...
Melanoplus scudderi
Scudder's Short-winged Locust
checklist_number: 63.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [S5]...
Melanoplus sanguinipes
Migratory Locust
checklist_number: 60.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Along with M. propinquus and femurrubrum, M. sanguinipes belongs to the Sanguinipes Species Group (Cigiano et al., 2017).............G5 [S4S5]...
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Melanoplus n. sp. 6
An Undescribed Melanoplus
checklist_number: 51.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............[GNR SU]...
Melanoplus n. sp. 35
An Undescribed Melanoplus
checklist_number: 50.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............[GNR SU]...
Melanoplus keeleri keeleri
Keeler's Locust
checklist_number: 47.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [S4S5]...
Melanoplus keeleri
Keeler's Locust
checklist_number: 46.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [S4S5]...
Melanoplus femurrubrum
Red-legged Grasshopper
checklist_number: 43.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Along with M. sanguinipes and propinquus, M. femurrubrum belongs to the Sanguinipes Species Group (Cigliano et al., 2017).Variable in color but with the hind tibiae bright red and the underside of the hind femur also shaded red. At least some populations in North Carolina are fairly bright yellow, which distinguishes the............G5 [S5]...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Melanoplus differentialis
Differential Locust
checklist_number: 40.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [S5]...
Melanoplus confusus
Pasture Grasshopper
checklist_number: 34.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [SU]...
Melanoplus celatus
Secretive Short-wing Grasshopper
checklist_number: 32.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............GU [SU]...
Melanoplus bivittatus
Two-striped Grasshopper
checklist_number: 30.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 [S5]...
Melanoplus bispinosus
Two-Spined Melanoplus
checklist_number: 29.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G4G5 [SU]...
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Melanoplus angustipennis
Narrow-winged Locust
checklist_number: 27.00
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 SH->[S2S3]...
Orphulella speciosa
Slant-faced Pasture Grasshopper
checklist_number: 19.00
............G5 [SU]...
Orphulella pelidna
Spotted-Wing Grasshopper
checklist_number: 18.00
............G5 [S5]...
Dichromorpha viridis
Short-winged Green Grasshopper
checklist_number: 17.00
............G5 [S5]...
Dichromorpha elegans
Elegant Grasshopper
checklist_number: 16.00
............G5 [S3S4]...