Habitats of North Carolina
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Floodplain Forests
General Wet-Hydric Floodplains
Habitat Overview The defining members of this habitat type are species that live within forests growing in bottomlands, swamps, and the forested edges of lakes and impoundments. Areas of standing water are also important habitat factors. Plant species of this habitat grow on both wet bottomlands and swamps; the animals use pools and swamp waters either as direct habitat for larvae or adults and/or the source of the insect or vertebrate prey upon which they specialize.

Members of this habitat occur in at least two of the state's physiographic provinces and soil pH is not an important factor. Upland depression swamp forests are included but most examples of non-riverine swamp forests and peatland forests lack the abundant pools and old channels that are requisites for members of this habitat group; they are consequently left out of this habitat type.

Related NHP Natural Communities Leaving out the subtypes, the following NHP Natural Communities contribute habitat for this group: Brownwater Levee Forest, Blackwater Levee/Bar Forest, Brownwater Bottomland Hardwoods, Blackwater Bottomland Hardwoods, Cypress–Gum Swamp, Sandhill Streamhead Swamp, Coastal Plain Small Stream Swamp, Coastal Plain Semipermanent Impoundment, Montane Alluvial Forest, Montane Floodplain Slough Forest, Piedmont Alluvial Forest, Piedmont Headwater Stream Forest, Piedmont Levee Forest, Piedmont Bottomland Forest, Piedmont Swamp Forest, Piedmont/Mountain Semipermanent Impoundment, Natural Lake Shoreline Swamp, Coastal Plain Depression Swamp, Maritime Swamp Forest, and Tidal Swamp
Defining Species
Taxa Global RankState RankImperilment Score
BIRDS
Buteo lineatus - Red-shouldered Hawk G5S51.00
Protonotaria citrea - Prothonotary Warbler G5S51.00
Strix varia - Barred Owl G5S41.00
ODONATES
Epiaeschna heros - Swamp Darner G5S51.00
Epitheca spinosa - Robust Baskettail G4S31.75
Gomphaeschna antilope - Taper-tailed Darner G4S41.00
Gomphaeschna furcillata - Harlequin Darner G5S4S51.00
Ischnura prognata - Furtive Forktail G4S3S41.27
Libellula axilena - Bar-winged Skimmer G5S51.00
Libellula vibrans - Great Blue Skimmer G5S51.00
Nasiaeschna pentacantha - Cyrano Darner G5S4S51.00
Sympetrum ambiguum - Blue-faced Meadowhawk G5S51.00
FORBS
Persicaria setacea - Bog Smartweed G5S51.00
SALAMANDERS
Pseudotriton montanus - Mud Salamander G5S51.00
HARDWOODS
Quercus lyrata - Overcup Oak G5S51.00
Quercus palustris - Pin Oak G5S22.84
Ulmus americana - American Elm G5S51.00
Sum: 19.86
Average of 17: 1.17

Candidates for Inclusion Crayfish and other bottomland invertebrates
Habitat Sub-sets
Distribution Map
Distribution
Survey Coverage Map
Survey Coverage
Survey Priorities
Average Imperilment of Habitat Members
Habitat Conservation Status
High Quality Habitat Occurrence Table
High Quality Habitat Occurrences
Protected Habitat Occurrences
Threats and Trends
Status Summary
Stewardship Recommendations
References
Updated on 2019-09-05 23:19:14

Photo Gallery for General Wet-Hydric Floodplains

Add a photo:
Photo by: Steve Hall
Comment: Hardwood swamp, Confederate Earthworks, Northhampton County
Photo by: Steve Hall
Comment: Floodplain pool, upper terrace, New Hope Creek