Hoppers of North Carolina:
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Eratoneura complex 2 - 'Broken-lined' Eratoneura



© Kyle Kittelberger- side view

© Kyle Kittelberger- top view
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Typhlocybinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A mostly yellowish-white to white hopper with a dark orange to reddish-orange color pattern on the wings and body. Markings on the wings are thin, oblique, and disconnected from one another. The scutellum has a noticeable red dot at the tip, and the outer edge of the yellow lateral triangles has a red line/mark. The M-shaped mark on the pronotum is yellow-red. Adults are around 3.0 mm long.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Eastern North America
Abundance: Recorded from a couple counties in the Piedmont; perhaps more abundant in the state in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found in mixed hardwood forest.
Plant Associates: See links below for a list of known host plants for each species.
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: This page serves as an umbrella for any individuals of Eratoneura that have dark orange to red wing markings; these marks are thin and often times broken. In the eastern and central regions of North America, there are a number of Eratoneura species that have very similar wing patterns, so similar that it is unlikely a reliable identification can be made between these species without dissecting an individual and looking at genitalia. Below are some of the Eratoneura species that are encompassed by this page, with text taken from the 3I database illustrating the descriptions of color and pattern for each species. Links exist for the profile page of each species below.

E. maculata- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. mira- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. fergersoni- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. igella- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. prolixa- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. haysensis- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. abjecta- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. solita- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

Status: Native

Species Photo Gallery for Eratoneura complex 2 'Broken-lined' Eratoneura

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat; this hopper has a distinctive pattern on its face (note the thin line at the top of the head)
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat; this hopper has a distinctive pattern on its face (note the thin line at the top of the head)
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat; this hopper has a distinctive pattern on its face (note the thin line at the top of the head)
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat; this hopper has a distinctive pattern on its face (note the thin line at the top of the head)
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat