Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Eratoneura complex 1 - 'Dotted' Eratoneura



© Kyle Kittelberger- side view

© Kyle Kittelberger- note pattern
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Typhlocybinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: These hoppers have an orange to reddish-orange dotted pattern on the wings. The top of the head has two parallel orange submedial lines, often with a lateral branch; the midline is pale. The pronotum has a U or V-shaped orange mark, and there are additional orange marks on the lateral margins of the pronotum. Adults are around 3.0 mm long.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Eastern United States
Abundance: Recorded from a couple counties in the Piedmont, probably more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found near mixed hardwood forest habitat.
Plant Associates: See respective species links in comments section.
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: This page serves as an umbrella for any individuals of Eratoneura that have orange to red dotted wing markings. In the eastern and central regions of North America, there are a number of Eratoneura species that have very similar wing patterns, so similar that it is unlikely a reliable identification can be made between these species without dissecting an individual and looking at genitalia. Below are some of the Eratoneura species that are encompassed by this page, with text taken from the 3I database illustrating the descriptions of color and pattern for each species. Links exist for the profile page of each species below.

E. lawsoni- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. tantilla- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. curvata- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. guicei- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. marra- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. minor- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II without distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

Status: Native

Species Photo Gallery for Eratoneura complex 1 'Dotted' Eratoneura

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat. Possibly first for NC
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat. Possibly first for NC
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat. Possibly first for NC
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat. Possibly first for NC
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: