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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Erythroneura with Interconnected Orange Lines - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- note pattern

© Ken Childs

© Ken Childs- yellowish individual

© Ken Childs- yellow individual
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Typhlocybinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: Bright, boldly marked with a yellow or white dorsum and an orange (sometimes yellow) overlaying color pattern. The wing markings [which can be moderately thick] are all connected, with the pattern seeming to extend uninterrupted from one wing to the other [when the wings are closed]. There is a dark line on the costal margins of the wing, and four black spots near the rear of the wing (if the wing is closed, only "3" spots may be visible; 2 of the spots are on the wing tip). The top of the head has parallel orange lines, which extend onto the pronotum, forming a Y-shaped mark; the sides of the pronotum have a bold orange bar. The scutellum has three orange triangles- two large ones in the upper corners, and one in the bottom. Adults are probably between 2.8 and 3.2 mm long.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: Central and eastern United States
Abundance: Recorded from the Piedmont and Coastal Plain, probably more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
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Jun
Jul
Aug
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Oct
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Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Mixed hardwood forests, open forests, etc.
Plant Associates: Vitis spp. (Dmitriev & Dietrich, 2007)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: This page serves as an umbrella for any individuals of Erythroneura that have interconnected orange wing markings. In the eastern and central regions of North America, there are a number of Erythroneura species that have very similar wing patterns, so similar that it is unlikely a reliable identification can be made between these species without dissecting an individual and looking at genitalia. Below are the Erythroneura species that are encompassed by this page, with text taken from Dmitriev & Dietrich, 2007 illustrating the descriptions of color and pattern for each species. Links exist for the profile page of each species.

E. aza- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale or with dark mesosternum, remainder pale. Forewings with oblique vittae usully forming continuous zigzag pattern, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II with distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. beameri- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with oblique lateral vittae. Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with oblique vittae usully forming continuous zigzag pattern, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II with distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. bakeri- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum entirely pale, apex concolorous with rest of mesonotum. Thoracic venter with dark mesosternum, remainder pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II with distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally. See here for dissected specimens of E. bakeri.

E. kennedyi- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II with distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

E. kerzhneri- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter entirely pale. Forewings with broken oblique vittae, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II with distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

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Additionally, E. vitifex is very similar and some individuals of this species could belong in this group. However, E. vitifex tends to have fairly thick wing markings that should, in many cases, allow for a species identification. Here is the description of E. vitifex though, showing how similar this species can be to the rest.

E. vitifex- Dorsum yellow or white. Color pattern red or orange. Vertex with orange parallel submedial lines (often with lateral branch). Vertex midline pale. Anteclypeus pale, concolorous with rest of face. Pronotum with Y- or V-shaped medial vitta. Mesonotum pale, with dark lateral triangles, apex dark, contrasting with adjacent pale areas. Thoracic venter with dark mesosternum, remainder pale. Forewings with oblique vittae usully forming continuous zigzag pattern, without crossbands. Clavus with separate basal and distal vittae. Forewings with dark spot on costal margin. Forewing apical cell II with distal spot, inner apical cell with brown spot basally.

Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Erythroneura with Interconnected Orange Lines No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf, Patrick Coin
Halifax Co.
Comment: grassy area and mixed hardwood forest edge near pine forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Rockingham Co.
Comment: grassy area near mixed hardwood forest and a pond
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Randy L Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: UV light - unid_leafhopper - unid_leafhopper
Photo by: Randy Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: UV lights. Perhaps un Ided Erythroneura - unid_leafhopper