Hoppers of North Carolina:
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Erythroneura vagabunda - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- note two black spots on back

© Kyle Kittelberger- yellow
individual

© John Rosenfeld- orange individual

© John Rosenfeld- note pattern
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Typhlocybinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A yellowish to orange species with two prominent small black spots on the middle of the wings. There are two yellow or orange parallel submedial lines on the top of the head, with a broad white midline in between. The pronotum has a Y-shaped mark, though in some orange individuals the posterior portion of the pronotum can be yellow or bluish, and in other individuals the Y is not as distinct, blending in with the color on the posterior portion of the pronotum. The costal margin of the wings has a small black mark in the middle, and the wing tips are smudged with brown; there is a dark brown to black thin band that goes around the base of the tips Adults are 2.9-3.1 mm long. (Dmitriev & Dietrich, 2007)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: An uncommon species, found in central and eastern United States (3I)
Abundance: A single record from Wake county in the Piedmont; possibly more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found in mixed hardwood forest.
Plant Associates: Redbud (Cercis canadensis), Vitis sp. (3I)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: There are two other species that could be confused with E. vagabunda that have dark dots on the wings: E. delicata and E. octonotata. In E. delicata, form 'accepta' has small black dots on the red markings in the middle of the wings. However, delicata is a fairly pale species compared to vagabunda with a lot of white. The wings markings are orange in delicata, whereas they are yellow or orange in vagabunda. Finally, the wing markings are thinner and more broken in delicata compared to vagabunda.

In E. octonotata, there is a much greater variation in color on the wings, with some forms being bicolored red and yellow. The black spots are also larger in this species compared to vagabunda. Most importantly though is a bold black stripe down the middle of the scutellum in octonotata, which helps to clearly distinguish this species from vagabunda.

Status: Native

Species Photo Gallery for Erythroneura vagabunda No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Comment: female
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Comment: female
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Comment: female