Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
Scientific Name: Search Common Name:
Family (Alpha):
« »
APHROPHORIDAE Members: NC Records

Aphrophora quadrinotata - Four-spotted Spittlebug



© Kyle Kittelberger- side view

© Kyle Kittelberger- top view

© Kyle Kittelberger

© Kyle Kittelberger- nymph
Taxonomy
Family: APHROPHORIDAE
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A brownish species with four white/pale "spots" on the wings, two on each side, and black markings over the body, especially between the spots (forming a blackish "V"). The wings are evenly curved at the tips, more so than other members of Aphrophora, and are widest at the midlength. The wings are also heavily pitted, characteristic of members of this genus. The top of the head is relatively flat. Adult males are 6.1-8.0 mm long, females are 6.8-9.1 mm. (Hamilton, 1982)

Nymphs are yellow and brown. BugGuide

Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: A common understory species recorded across the eastern U.S., with records as far north as Canada and as far west as Texas, per BugGuide.
Abundance: Recorded across the state, with a majority of records in the mountains where it is uncommon. Possibly more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Eastern woodlands
Plant Associates: Forbs (any broad-leafed herb), such as goldenrod, grape vines (Vitis sp.), grasses; also alder (Alnus sp.), blackberry (Rubus hispidus), oaks (Quercus sp.), poplar (Populus sp.), etc. (DL), (Hamilton, 1982)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: In the Northeast, this species closely resembles the European Alder Spittlebug (A. alni), which can be told apart by its larger size (males are 8.4-9.6 mm, females 9.0-10.0 mm), thick blunt head and the forewings being strongly curved near the base (Hamilton, 1982). Perhaps in the future, A. alni will be found in the Appalachians; it is currently spreading westwards across the Northeast, recorded as far south as Pennsylvania.
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Aphrophora quadrinotata Four-spotted Spittlebug

Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Avery Co.
Comment: open area near mixed hardwood forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Avery Co.
Comment: open area near mixed hardwood forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Avery Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat and forest edge/interior
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Avery Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat and forest edge/interior; nymph
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Avery Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat and forest edge/interior
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Avery Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat and forest edge/interior
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Out Of State Co.
Comment: