Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Graminella fitchii - No Common Name



© John Rosenfeld- note brownish color

© John Rosenfeld- note pattern

© John Rosenfeld

© John Rosenfeld- note pale face
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Deltocephalinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: Yellow to dull greenish overall, this species has a bold contrast between the whitish wing venation and five pale transverse longitudinal lines on the pronotum and the straw-colored body and wings. There are four small black dots along the margin of the vertex, and 2 anteapical wing cells, helping differentiate this species from other similar looking species such as Deltocephalus. The face is pale, with various shades of brown, characteristic of this species. The female pregenital sternite is roundedly excavated on either side of a median slightly produced with a broad, sunken tooth. The male genital plates are long, gradually tapering to bluntly pointed apexes. Adults are around 4.5 mm long. (DeLong & Mohr 1937)

For diagrams of this species, see: Zahniser. For additional images of this species, see: BG.

Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: Eastern North America
Abundance: Recorded from several counties across the state, but likely more abundant in the state in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Fields and other similar, grassy habitats
Plant Associates: Grasses. Its host is Leersia virginica, white cutgrass (BG)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a black light.
Comment: This species resembles G. nigrifrons, but it is brownish rather than greenish (nigrifrons is occasionally brownish, fitchii is always brown). The face on G. fitchii is also not as heavily marked with black compared to G. nigrifrons and instead appears brown; typically the face is pale. It is important to get a view of the face when photographing brownish Graminella. Fitchii is also similar to a pale Graminella that could potentially be found in the state: G. plana. This species is more orange than brown and has black vertex spots that are not quite as bold as those in fitchii. The genital characteristics are also distinct. Finally, fitchii could be mistaken for the much smaller G. sonora: both have similar coloration and pale faces. However, fitchii has very bold pale wing venation that contrasts with the rest of the wings, and the pronotal lines are boldly defined; in sonora, the wing venation does not stronly contrast with the rest of the wings. Additionally, the black markings on the vertex of sonora are two different sizes, with the two central spots noticeably smaller than the outer ones. In fitchii, these spots are relatively the same size.
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Graminella fitchii No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf, B Bockhahn
Rockingham Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf, B. Bockhahn,C. Mitchell
Durham Co.
Comment: Attracted to UV Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf, B. Bockhahn,C. Mitchell
Durham Co.
Comment: Attracted to UV Light
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Comment: female
Photo by: John Rosenfeld
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Yancey Co.
Comment: short grassy area adjacent to meadow
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Yancey Co.
Comment: short grassy area adjacent to meadow
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Yancey Co.
Comment: short grassy area adjacent to meadow
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 3.4mm
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 3.4mm
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 3.4mm
Photo by: Randy L Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: UV light