Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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MEMBRACIDAE Members: NC Records

Stictocephala diceros - Two-horned Treehopper

© Ken Childs

© Paul Scharf
Family: MEMBRACIDAESubfamily: SmiliinaeSynonym: Ceresa diceros
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A distinctive looking member of this genus, with prominent hair on the front of the pronotum (characteristic of this species). The pronotum is brownish, with dark brown patches on the side and typically a pale brown front. The brown pattern can vary between specimens. The legs can also vary from light to dark brown, and the wings are either a transparent or dark brown hyaline. Adults are 8 to 9 mm long, with females larger than males (FSCA).
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: A relatively common species, found throughout eastern and central North America, as far west as the Rocky Mountains (FSCA)
Abundance: Recorded from the mountains and Piedmont. Seasonal distribution: 8 June-6 October (CTNC)
Seasonal Occurrence
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found near mixed hardwood forest.
Plant Associates: Primarily American Black Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) (CTNC); also reported elsewhere from Bidens, Carya, Helianthus, Quercus, Robinia, Rubus, Solidago, & Vitis (FSCA)
Behavior: To listen to the male courtship call for this genus, listen here. These courtship calls are not audible to the human ear, and the calls here are produced by recording the substrate vibrations that the treehoppers use to communicate through the plants themselves. The recorded call is then amplified so that it is now audible to human ears. Research has shown that treehoppers use vibrations to attract mates, to announce the discovery of a good feeding site, or to alert a defending mother to the approach of a predator (T.IM).
Comment: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Stictocephala diceros Two-horned Treehopper

Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Spotted on branch
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping. Grassy, weedy area near hardwoods.
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Caught sweeping. Grassy, weedy area near hardwoods.