Hoppers of North Carolina:
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Eratoneura era - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger

© Ken Childs- note extent of band at wing's edge

© Ken Childs- note coloration and pattern

© Ken Childs- note band width
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Typhlocybinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A pale yellowish species with a bold, distinctive but narrow reddish crossband that narrows basally (toward the wing edge). The shape of the crossband itself, and the extent of red, can vary among individuals; in some adults the red does not make it all the way to the wing edge, while in other individuals the crossband can appear faded. The top of the head has two parallel orange submedial lines, often with a lateral branch (giving the appearance of ciruclar white spots on the vertex), and the midline is a pale oval-shaped mark. The pronotum has a "Y" or "V"-shaped yellowish mark, and the scutellum is yellow. The face and underside of the thorax are pale. There is a black spot on the costal margin of the wings, as well as a bold one on the inner margin of each wing tip. Adults are 2.8- 3.1 mm long. (3I)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: Eastern and central North America (3I)
Abundance: Recorded from several counties across the state, primarily in the Piedmont, where it can be locally common; possibly more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found near mixed hardwood forest habitat.
Plant Associates: Hickories (Carya sp.): Swamp Hickory (C. glabra), Shagbark Hickory (C. ovata), Mockernut Hickory (C. tomentosa), C. leiodermis, among other plants (3I)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: This species could potentially be confused with E. osborni: note the differences in the width of the red transverse band in both species. In osborni, the band is very broad (taking up the entire base of the wings) and reaches the wing edges; in era, the band in much narrower and usually does not reach the wing edges and, if it does, its usually a thin line.
Status: Native

Species Photo Gallery for Eratoneura era No Common Name

Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Attracted to black light in woods.