Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Graminella nigrifrons - Black-faced Leafhopper



© Kyle Kittelberger- typical greenish coloration

© Kyle Kittelberger- variation

© Kyle Kittelberger- darker individual

© Kyle Kittelberger- note black face
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Deltocephalinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: This species is typically greenish overall, though some individuals are brownish and/or have dark patches on the wings. There are 4 small black spots along the edge of the head, and the face characteristically has dark marks (though the darkness can vary among specimens). In addition, there are only 2 anteapical cells on the wing, helping distinguish G. nigrifrons from other similar looking species. This species is best differentiated from the similar G. fitchii in being more greenish overall; G. fitchii is typically a brownish color and has a pale face. (BG) Adults are 2.5-4.0 mm long. The female pregenital sternite is emarginate posteriorly; the male genital plates are short, broad at the base and narrowed to acute apexes (DeLong 1948). For additional images of this species, see: 1, 2, 3, 4.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Found throughout North America, especially the Southeast, and in the West Indies (BG).
Abundance: A common species, recorded across the state in all three regions.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
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Jul
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Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Most common in grassy, brushy, field-type habitats but has also been found in mixed hardwood forest and forest edge.
Plant Associates: This species feeds on corn but has been taken from a number of plant species, including Vitis vinifera, Spartina patens, Ipomoea batatas, Sorghum, Cynodon, and Gossypium. For a full list of plant associates, see: DL.
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a black light.
Comment: This species is a major agricultural pest, especially on corn, as it is a vector for several diseases: the semipersistant maize chlorotic dwarf virus and the persistent diseases maize rayado fino maya virus (MRFM), corn stunt spiroplasma (CSS) and maize bushy stunt phytoplasma (MBSP). These diseases are rare but more common in Florida, where outbreaks have led to economic losses. (UF)
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Graminella nigrifrons Black-faced Leafhopper

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught while sweeping
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Wake Co.
Comment: grassy, field-type habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping in short mowed grass
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Vance Co.
Comment: Found in grassy field/forest edge habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Vance Co.
Comment: Found in grassy field/forest edge habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Avery Co.
Comment: grassy, open area with shrubby vegetation and mixed forest nearby
Photo by: T. DeSantis
Washington Co.
Comment: PETT
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: brushy habitat near mixed hardwood forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Wake Co.
Comment: brushy habitat near mixed hardwood forest; some dark individuals
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Dare Co.
Comment: open habitat near coastal shrub/pine forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Dare Co.
Comment: open habitat near coastal shrub/pine forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: green and brown/pink individuals
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: green and brown/pink individuals
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: green and brown/pink individuals
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: green and brown/pink individuals
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: green and brown/pink individuals
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Carteret Co.
Comment: green and brown/pink individuals
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Weedy area near a hardwoods.
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Weedy area near a hardwoods.
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 3.8 mm
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 3.8 mm
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 3.8 mm
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28327150
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28451149
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28451149
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28525396
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28525396
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874461
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874461
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874472
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874472
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874472
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874466
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31017978
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31017978
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31017978
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31017973
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31017973
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31017972
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31017972
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31017972
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874467
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874467
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874467
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874465
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874471
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874471
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874482
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874482
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31209249
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31209249
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31319228
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31209187
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31209187
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31319219
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31319223
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31319216
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874577
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31365228
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31885405
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874478 - unid_leafhopper
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/29874478 - unid_leafhopper
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32233800
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32233800
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32233800
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32233799
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32233784
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32233781
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32233781
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32436044
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32558143
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32558145
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32558121
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32558129
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32558129
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32660678
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32660678
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32660716
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32660719
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32660721
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33044015
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33044014
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33044014
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33044014
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33044010
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345637
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345637
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345637
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345633
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345630
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345585
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345585
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345602
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33345644
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501679
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501679
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501679
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501671
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33501671
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33676731
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33676731
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33676729
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33676726
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33822232
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041664
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041663
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041663
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041655
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041650
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041641
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041641
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041641
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041643
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041643
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041634
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041635
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041635
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33676721
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34223887
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34223881
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34223867
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34223861
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34223870
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34223870
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34201361rnrnAttracted to UV light - unid_leafhopper
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041649
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/33774816
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041644
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34041644