Hoppers of North Carolina:
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Erythroneura calycula - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- side view

© Kyle Kittelberger- note thoracic "U"

© Ken Childs- form 'erasa'

© Kyle Kittelberger- form 'noncincta'
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Typhlocybinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A boldly marked species with a yellow to white body and a dark brownish to black color pattern. The wings have a prominent central band overlaying yellowish-orange stripes extending towards the wingtips. The head is pale with two parallel yellowish-orange submedial lines and a pale midline. The thorax/pronotum has a very distinctive dark brown "U", characteristic of this species. The U extends from the eyes downwards and across the top of the mesonotum. There are three color variations of this species. The nominate, common form has a broad central transverse band across the wings and a bold and broad black band across the wing tips; the width of the median band can vary among individuals. Form 'erasa' resembles the nominate form, except that the central wing band is truncated and looks more like two triangles extending towards one another from the wing margins. Form 'noncincta' has the central wing band and thoracic U both broken with disconnected marks; the median band is relegated to small lateral triangles. Adults are 2.6-3.0 mm long. (Dmitriev & Dietrich, 2007)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Central and eastern United States (3I)
Abundance: Recorded across the state, with a majority of records coming from the Piedmont and Coastal Plain where it is common; likely more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found in mixed hardwood forest, forest edge, and adjacent habitats.
Plant Associates: Primarily Vitis spp., but also Aesculus sp., Ilex decidua, and Prunus virginiana (3I); has been found on Black Walnut as well.
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: E. calycula could be confused with a few other species, especially E. tricincta, but note the pattern of calycula, especially the U-shaped mark on the pronotum. Another species that is extremely similar [but has not been recorded in North Carolina yet] is E. cymbium; this species however has a 'flat U-shaped' mark, rather than a rounded one. On cymbium however, there is no dark coloration extending onto the anterior part of the scutellum; the dark pattern is relegated just to the pronotum.
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Erythroneura calycula No Common Name

Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Light
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Attracted to ultraviolet light.
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Open area near woods. Attracted to black light.
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Open area near woods. Attracted to black light.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: 1 individual of form 'noncincta'
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
New Hanover Co.
Comment: open woodlands, pine dominated; form "erasa"
Photo by: T. DeSantis
Durham Co.
Comment: ENRI
Photo by: Randy L Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: unid_leafhopper
Photo by: Mark Shields
Onslow Co.
Comment: