Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
Scientific Name: Search Common Name:
Family (Alpha):
« »
CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Eratoneura ardens - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- note pattern

© Kyle Kittelberger- note dark thorax
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Typhlocybinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A species with a fairly distinctive color pattern. Adults typically have reddish-orange or brown wing and body markings, though this can sometimes be a yellow color (the colors themselves are a result of the age of the hopper, with mature individuals being darker, redder in color). The key characteristic is the dark, almost black scutellum; this dark color often times extends onto the pronotum. Some individuals have a dark reddish-brown color pronotum that is still noticeably dark compared to the rest of the body; other individuals lack the dark color completely. The top of the head has two orange-red parallel submedial lines, often with a lateral branch (resulting in a circular pale spot to either side of the lines); the midline is pale. In individuals with a non-dark pronotum, there is a Y, V, or M-shaped mark; this mark is dark red, with yellowish-orange patches. The face and underside of the thorax are pale. The wing markings are not connected to one another. Adults are 2.7- 3.1 mm long. (3I)

For more images of this species, see: BG.

Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Eastern and central North America (3I)
Abundance: Recorded recently from a few counties in the Piedmont where it is very uncommon, probably more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found near mixed hardwood forest habitat.
Plant Associates: Elms: Ulmus alata, Ulmus americana, Ulmus rubra. Has also been taken from Caryata ovata and Ilex decidua, and Aesculus sp., among others. (3I)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: This species has several color varieties, one of which is known as 'insolita.' Individuals that lack any dark coloration on the scutellum and pronotum likely cannot be identified with analyzing a male specimen.

Dark individuals of this species could be confused with dark E. nigriventer. Nigriventer has a paler, less uniformly dark scutellum and pronotum, whereas [dark] individuals of ardens tend to have a uniformly blackish-brown scutellum that extends onto the pronotum. See ardens and nigriventer for comparison of specimens.

Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Eratoneura ardens No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted To light. Warm evening, in low 50s degrees
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted To light. Warm evening, in low 50s degrees
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light; younger adult
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 2.7mm
Photo by: T. DeSantis
Durham Co.
Comment: ENRI
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Came to UV light. Yard near woods.
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Came to UV light. Yard near woods.