Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
Scientific Name: Search Common Name:
Family (Alpha):
« »
CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Erythroneura tricincta - Three-banded Leafhopper



© Kyle Kittelberger- side view

© Kyle Kittelberger- note thoracic band
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: Typhlocybinae
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A boldly marked species with a yellow or white dorsum and a [typically] dark brown to black color pattern. The head has two parallel pale yellow-orange lines, though this mark may not be as bold or visible on some individuals. The body has three dark transverse bands- on the thorax, middle of the wings, and wing tip. The thoracic band extends across the upper part of the mesonotum/scutellum and the pronotum, a key characteristic for this species; the rest of the scutellum is yellowish. The side of the band facing the vertex typically fades into the head, which is whitish. The band across the wings typically is broad, though band width can vary among individuals and can be a truncated bowtie shape. In some adults, the median band can have a reddish-tinge. The wing tips are blackish. Nymphs are pale with two incomplete bands, on the pronotum and base of the wing stubs. Adults are 2.9-3.3 mm long. (Dmitriev & Dietrich, 2007)
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Central and eastern United States and southeastern Canada (3I)
Abundance: Has been recorded recently from several counties across the state, where it is locally common (at least in the Piedmont); likely more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Mixed hardwood forest, hedgerows, grapefields (BG)
Plant Associates: Primarily Vitis spp. (Grape), also on Aesculus sp. (3I)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light. There are one to two generations of this species each year, and adults overwinter in leaf litter (BG).
Comment: E. tricincta is similar in appearance to E. calycula and E. integra, but has different coloration and pattern. Reddish individuals of this species could be confused with dark individuals of E. diva; however, note that in tricincta the thoracic band on the pronotum is blackish rather than predominantly red. and to some extent, E. diva; see their respective profile pages to determine how to distinguish between these species.
Status: Native

Species Photo Gallery for Erythroneura tricincta Three-banded Leafhopper

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf, Patrick Coin
Halifax Co.
Comment: grassy area and mixed hardwood forest edge near pine forest
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Attracted to ultraviolet light.
Photo by: R Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: moth sheet - unid_leafhopper
Photo by: R Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: unid_leafhopper
Photo by: R Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: unid_leafhopper
Photo by: T. DeSantis
Durham Co.
Comment: ENRI
Photo by: Tracy S. Feldman
Wake Co.
Comment: unid_leafhopper