Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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ACANALONIIDAE Members: NC Records

Acanalonia conica - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- note pointed head

© Kyle Kittelberger

© Rob Van Epps

© Ken Kneidel- nymph, note green coloration
Taxonomy
Family: ACANALONIIDAE
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A green species with dense, reticulated wing venation; the wings can have a small yellow to brown border to them. There are 2 small black dots on the thorax, between the wings. The head is pointed, a key characteristic, and the legs are bicolored, being mostly green with brownish feet. Young nymphs (the first couple instars) have a white to light brown head with brown markings and pits; the body overall is white with light brown markings. The third instar has a body more heavily marked with brown, while the 4th and 5th instars have a body mottled with white, often with black markings along the posterior border of the metanotum. The head of the 3rd through 5th instars is pointed, appearing conical in shape (contrasting with the flat head of A. bivittata); when viewed from above or the side, the head is pointed, due to the face sticking out and having an angled or triangular, rather than flat bottom. Additionally, nymphs of A. conica are supposed to have green wing buds; however, adults associated with nymphs are needed to prove this and it does not appear that all nymphs of this species have the greenish tint. Due to the difficulty of identifying Acanalonia nymphs, an ID may not be possible. See W & M for more information and illustrations of nymph instars.
Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Eastern and central United States, and Ontario; introduced in Italy (UDEL)
Abundance: A common species in the state, found primarily in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain.
Seasonal Occurrence
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found in grassy, field-type habitat, forest edge, and within mixed hardwood forest.
Plant Associates: Polyphagous (UDEL)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: Nymphs of this species are attacked by Dryinidae and a mite, Leptus sp. Adults and nymphs are also parasitized by Epipyrops barberiana, a moth. (Wilson & McPherson)
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Acanalonia conica No Common Name

Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Orange Co.
Comment: grassy, field-type habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Spotted on plant
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Spotted on plant
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Brian Bockhahn
Rockingham Co.
Comment: TENTATIVE ID
Photo by: S. Williams
Camden Co.
Comment: DISW - Kim Saunders
Photo by: T. DeSantis
Camden Co.
Comment: DISW
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Dare Co.
Comment: grassy, open forest habitat
Photo by: Tracy S. Feldman
Scotland Co.
Comment: unid_planthopper
Photo by: Harry Wilson
Wake Co.
Comment: Mixed hardwood and pine. Attracted to light.
Photo by: Tracy S. Feldman
Scotland Co.
Comment: on seed cluster - unid_planthopper
Photo by: Tracy S. Feldman
Scotland Co.
Comment: on seed cluster - unid_planthopper
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Weedy/grassy open area.
Photo by: F. Williams, S. Williams
Gates Co.
Comment: MEMI
Photo by: Randy Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: UV light
Photo by: Tracy S. Feldman
Wake Co.
Comment: unid_planthopper
Photo by: Randy Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: UV light
Photo by: Mark Shields
Onslow Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Margarita Lankford
Orange Co.
Comment: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28477238
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: sweep through low vegetation
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: sweep through low vegetation
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: sweep through low vegetation
Photo by: aubrey wiggins
Wake Co.
Comment:
Photo by: aubrey wiggins
Wake Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Jim Petranka
Madison Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Mark Shields
Onslow Co.
Comment: